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Globalizationrefers to the process through which everyday life experiences arebeing standardized across the world. This is due to improvement inmethods of communication and technology advancement amongst others. Awell-managed globalization provides an opportunity for peace,education thus bringing people together encouraging sharing of samevalues. Bilingual education is a teaching whereby information ispresented to students in two forms of communications. A research byShapson concluded that over 60% of the world is bilingual and ismostly encouraged in the majority of the learning institutions(Shapson et al., 63). Bilingual is implements in a number of ways bydifferent nations and their objectives differ. In Canada, educationsystems are designed, in a way that both English and French arelearned by all (Elaine 22). In Canada, there are more than seventydifferent cultural groups. The government adopted policies thatpromoted bilingualism. The law was passed in 1969 that made Englishand French the official languages in Canada.
Despitesocietal resistance who consider it as a waste of resources,bilingual education is an essential element in early education andleads to an increase in sophisticated communication.
Whereasthe aspect of bilingual education is argued to be slow, researchindicated that in modern days, bilingual and multilingual languagesin a growing community are beneficial to the financial development,cultural awareness and communication skills.
Bilingualeducation is critical in Canada in issues related to financialdevelopment. Bilingual education is urged to increase the volume oftrade between countries. Cummins and David concluded that Canadianbusinessmen build strong business relationships with internationalpartners that in turn lead to the development of financial markets(Cummins et al., 44). This has enabled Canada to excel in theinternational markets. According to a report by The World bank,bilingual education is believed to be economically advantageousbecause it has led to a skilled workforce and has drastically reducedunemployment. On the same point, most companies opt to employindividuals with multiple language skills, and this proves to reducethe cost in hiring language experts in case of interpretations whileconducting businesses with other nations worldwide. It is crucial tothe state that, bilingual education has created jobs opportunities inCanada, and this has led to an economic development (Cummins et al.,47).
Bilingual education is believed to promote culture awareness.According to Elain 22, an individual with a wider scope of knowledgein different languages can interact with different people indifferent cultures and hence can enunciate his identity. Bilingualeducation in Canada has been facilitated by tutors who accommodatestudent’s background skills. Children learn these at tender age sothat by the time they begin their formal education, they are aware ofthe basic values of their native culture.
Bilingual education is also beneficial to individuals as it helpsthem identify the key areas of cultural interference and can assistthem solve conflicts between two conflicting cultures. According toJudith Kroll, a psychology professor at Pennsylvania StateUniversity, Canadians are able to mediate within different beliefs,values and behaviors of different cultures. Bilingual education isperceived as two people in one making an individual to gain skillsthat help him function in both cultures (Cummins et al., 51). On thesame point, empirical evidence concluded that individuals.
Bilingualeducation is good in Canada as it enhances better communicationskill. It is true that it enhances numerous areas of knowledge thatmonolingualism cannot achieve. A research conducted on Bilingualeducation in Canada by Peal and Lamberts in 1962, demonstrates thatindividuals who practice bilingual languages develops strongcommunication skills in the native language and are in a position tolearn more languages at ease thus having a chance to compete with therest of the world (Shapson et al., 68). This training enhancesindividual’s intellectual creativity, flexibility and problemsolving. In addition, bilingual education is believed to improvestudent’s literacy skills in Canada in both English and French(Elaine 25).
Further,Peal and Lamberts concluded that English-French bilingual studentsperform much better in their academics as compared to monolingualstudents (Healthday 63). Further, this study showed that bilingualstudents are mentally flexible, have diversified intelligence andmental abilities. Bilingual individuals have the ability to read,write and communicate with people in different communities, familiesand across the globe (Healthday 74).
Opponentsof bilingual education argue that this is a wasteful project to thegovernment of Canada, and they can do away with it. These criticsdemonstrate that students learn these languages slowly because theyhave no time to comprehend everything that is taught as compared tomonolingual students (Shapson et al., 63). These students dividetheir time between two languages making their learning speed a slowpace. This interferes with their communication skills as well asacademic performances. However, what this argument fails to considerthe fact that these languages appear difficult at the very firststages of learning. It has been proven that this training isnecessary for the long run as students with bilingual knowledgeperform much better than monolingual students. The benefits ofbilingual education surpass these criticisms leading to animprovement in communication skills.
Moreover,students are frustrated when they are unable to explain andunderstand a particular test leading to hatred on particular subjects(Ministry of Education 58). Although the core of this claim is true,it suffers a flaw in its application. The Study of a new language ischallenging to learner. However, a report from the Ministry ofEducation shows that students improve as they proceed leading to animprovement in their scope of learning. This improves their criticalthinking. Further, bilingual education leads to frustration amongthose who fail to understand it. This view seems persuasive at first,but later, they gain momentum and are proud of their success.Learning more than one language helps one to gain knowledge as wellas interact with people in different cultures.
InCanada, bilingual education is highly appreciated by all as it leadsimprovement of financial markets, knowledge of different cultures andimproved communication skills. Learning institutions have adopteddifferent techniques to instruct students (Ministry of Education 46).Bilingualism education is relevant and has a long term benefit bothto the individual and the society at large. It is also crucial toestablish a measure of these second languages. This language shouldalso be accessed to identify the levels of one`s exposure to it. Forinstance, individuals of Montreal with experience of both English andFrench are in a better position to converse with their secondlanguage as compared to those in Western Canada who have difficultiesin speaking in French and hence unable to assess their ability. Inaddition, comprehensive research should be conducted so as to assessthe language ability and this would help the youth in many ways. Itis also important to expose second languages in the community. Forexample, work places through media, associations, courses and anyother important venues for learning (Ministry of Education 34).
Elaine,S. BilingualEducation is a benefit to our children and society.Canadian Points of view, 2014. Print.
Health day. Bilingual kids are better multi-task. Health DayNews, 2012. Print Retrieved from:http://consumer.healthday.com/cognitive-and-neurological-health-information-26/brain-health-news-80/bilingual-kids-are-better-multi-taskers-study-says-663428.html
Ministryof Education, Bilingualgives students a competitive Edge.The University of Ontario Cornwall, 2007. Print Retrieved fromhttp://news.ontario.ca/archive/en/2007/01/30/Bilingualism-Gives-Students-a-Competitive-Edge.html
Shapson,Stan, and Vincent D`Oyley. Bilingualand Multicultural Education: Canadian Perspectives.Clevedon, Avon: Multilingual Matters, 2011. Print.
Cummins,Jim, and David Corson. Encyclopediaof Language and Education: Vol. 5.Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 2009. Print.