Insert surname 4
Terrorism is defined as the use of violence by groups that viewthemselves as victimized that is intended to intimidate thegovernment in pursuit of political, ideological or religious goals(Malisow et al., 32). Research shows that the primary reasons whypeople turn into terrorism acts are multiple. To start with, povertyand economic problems due to globalization contributes to theseunlawful acts. These problems are usually identified withinequalities in the distribution of scarce resources that influencedecisions leading to political conflicts (Hoffman et al., 17).
Secondly, ethnicity, nationalism and separation play a major role interrorism. These occur where an aggrieved group causes violence dueto separatist reasons. In most colonized nations, nationalismmovements turn to terrorism with the aim of asserting languagerights, religious symbols and beliefs or even promoting political andcivil rights (Law et al., 54). This generates a perception ofunfairness when these groups are disadvantaged in social, culturaland political rights leading to acts as terrorism.
Further, religion contributes to acts of terrorism. This isevidenced by the Muslim fanatics in the Middle East (Corlett 122).Research simplifies that democracy is considered un-Islamic by allIslamic terrorism. Islamists believe in caliphate and thus opposeindividualism. Most people believe that religion is a social factorthat does not have correlation with war and nations that differ inreligion are likely to fight.
Terrorism is a crime against our minds, using the destruction ofproperty and deaths of innocent people to inflict fear (Malisow etal., 76). They achieve this by magnifying their actions through mediato spread fear. Brutal acts of terrorism are intended to affect theemotional, mental, physical and spiritual health. The more people areexpressed, the more they are affected by these criminal acts and thelonger the menace, and the more extreme reactions will be (Hoffman etal., 37). As these attacks are tremendous, many people including thevictims and those watching the events unfolding on television sufferlong lasting psychological disorders.
Secondly, terrorism affects the economic growth of the targetedcountry. This is because it diverts foreign direct investments andpublic investment funds intended for economic growth to security anddevelopment of destroyed infrastructures.
Terrorist attacks share common elements. To start with, a terroristattack is committed for political effect. Also, it results topsychological effects that target an ethnic minority other than theactual victims of the act. Further, in terrorism attacks there isdestruction and violence to produce the desired effect (Corlett 122).These groups demand revolution and change to alter the status quo.
Combating terrorism is not easy and cannot be done overnight. In theprevention of future terrorist attacks, there are different measuresthat are being put in place. The best method is finding out all thepossible ways these terrorist uses and knows their strategies (O`kane35). Secondly, peace for all time is an important element. This leadsto a strong national security and terrorists will be left with noreason to attack. Non-interference in other countries dispute canalso help eliminate chances of terrorist attacks.
The other important element is security. Security should be at itsbest. Security guards should be increased and constantly patrolling(Ozeren 87). They should also improve and upgrade their securitysystems to match the current technology that would enhance securityfurther. In addition, citizens should be involved and be made awareof the consequences of terrorist attack. This is a powerful way tocombat terrorism as it gives authorities more ears and eyes to watchany suspicious behavior.
Corlett,J A. Terrorism:A Philosophical Analysis.Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic, 2011. Print.
Hoffman,Bruce. InsideTerrorism.New York: Columbia University Press, 2010. Internet resource.
Law,Randall D. Terrorism:A History.Cambridge: Polity Press, 2009. Print.
Malisow,Ben, and John L. French. Terrorism.New York, NY: Chelsea House, 2009. Print.
O`Kane,Rosemary H. T. Terrorism:[of Groups, States and Nations].Harlow [u.a.: Longman, 2009. Print.
Ozeren,Suleyman, Ismail D. Gunes, and Diab M. Al-Badayneh. UnderstandingTerrorism: Analysis of Sociological and Psychological Aspects.Amsterdam, the Netherlands: IOS Press, 2009. Print.