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Thewriter of Cherry Orchard suggested that some parts were evenfarcical.  Nonetheless, most theatrical productions andinterpretations have stressed its tragic themes. It is easy tounderstand why the playwright’s aims have been broadly disregardedthe issue is depressing and a serious one counting the family’sdeprivation of their ancestral abode and taking away from it andother distressing developments too (Naeem 4). The devastationof the orchard also stands for the annihilation of illusions—sad,but perhaps optimistic. Therefore, as the inevitable adjustment insociety with the commencement of the 20th Century arrives, the playsymbolizes this time era and portrays a termination of anaristocratic period with both comic and tragic elements.  Theplay can be said to be a tragic comedy (Hardison7).
Someof the prominent genres in this play include Comedy, Tragedy, Drama,the pastoral comedy and "Chekhovian comedy." pastoralcomedy genre was created purposely for The Cherry Orchard, byDonald R. Styran (Frey 2). The expression "pastoral" is aliterary expression usually referring to poems that talk aboutshepherds, but Beverly Hahn opinion was different. According to him,"pastoral comedy" can be defined as the closest fit inrelation to genre that the play The Cherry Orchard can handle.The genre of comedy was primary that Chekhov himself regarded theplay The Cherry Orchard to be as seen in the play`s heading: AComedy in Four Acts. However Stanislavsky, the renowned directorof the play, did not agree. Stanislavsky thought the play to be adrama, and hence directed it as a drama. This did not please Chekhovat all. Principally irksome to Chekhov was the way the directorextended the fourth Act. The director did so in order to intensifythe emotional effect of Ranevsky`s ultimate departure (Frey 1).According to the playwright, the Act should not have gone beyondtwelve minutes but it was extended to forty minutes.
Thereis a fine boundary between comedy and pathos as noted by RichardPeace, they are both concerned with the climax and then discharge ofemotional pressure. The distinction between is usually dependent uponwhether the audience closely sympathize with a certain character`splight or whether the audience keeps a certain distance from thepredicament. The play The Cherry Orchard intermingle the twoso finely. Where the playwright, Chekhov, may bridge the line frompathos to comedy is in the measure of attention he presents toRanevsky about character development. Ranevsky is, adjacent to theorchard itself which is the main reference in the play, and,therefore, captures the attention of the audience (Tyrrell 5).Ranevsky is a sympathetic persona, and in addition, she is the onlyperson who seems not caught in the irony which alienates the audiencefrom the other elements in the play.
Thischaracteristic has impelled some critics, and audiences haveperceived Ranevsky as a disastrous hero. The Cherry Orchardstructuring of time enhances this interpretation, likewise it flowsfrom the start towards a predetermined fate in the future. Theconstant time frame is characteristic of tragedy (Kramer 8).
Others,nonetheless, have taken the playwright’s side in the issue. Andeven though the theme of the play may come out serious, the audiencecan see that the playwright mixes both tragic elements and comicelements in the play (Kramer 5). Though the conclusion of the play isnot near the upbeat, the main persona Ranevsky, is healthy, alive,and maybe in a better position than she was initially, having thechance to forget her past.
Works citedNaeem, Muhammed.“Howfar do you think Chekhov is successful in presenting the theme ofthe passing of the old order through the symbol of cherry orchard?(P.U. 2006)” Posted 2010. Retrieved July 17, 2014. http://neoenglishsystem.blogspot.com/2010/08/how-far-do-you-think-chekhov-is.htmlHardison. “What is a main theme of The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekhov?”Posted 2012. Retrieved July 17, 2014.http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-main- themes-cherry-orchard-316977Frey,G. “Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard”. Posted September 3, 2011.Retrieved July 17, 2014. http://en208spring2010akers.blogspot.com/2011/02/chekhov-cherry-orchard.htmlTyrrell,David J. “The Relevance of Anton Chekhov’s The Cherry Orchard inthe 21st Century: an Analysis using Socratic Dialogue”.PostedApril 9, 2013. Retrieved July 17,2014 http://performancephilosophy.ning.com/profiles/blogs/the-relevance-of-anton-chekhov-s- the-cherry-orchard-in-the-21st
Kramer,R. “TheCherry Orchard Study Guide”.[pdffile].Posted 2011. Retrieved July 17,2014 http://www.artistsrep.org/media/120851/the%20cherry%20orchard%20study%20guide% 20final.pdf