Capital Punishment Research, Policy, and Ethics – Defining Murder and

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT 4

CapitalPunishment Research, Policy, and Ethics – Defining Murder and PlacingMurderers

CapitalPunishment Research, Policy, and Ethics – Defining Murder and PlacingMurderers

Murderinvolves illegal killing of another human, through premeditatedtactics. Murder causes grief in the society, especially, personsclose to the deceased. This implies that it can destabilize thesociety in case people decide to revenge the slain person. Thefrequency at which murder occurs varies significantly, as the rate ofviolence differs from one country to another. Persons convicted ofmurder are sentenced to life imprisonment, or the death penalty incountries that still uphold the sentence.

Interms of race, the frequency of the killers in the US, in descendingorder, include blacks, White (non-Hispanic), Hispanic Asian / PacificIslander, and American Indian. Similarly, the frequency of the targetvictims vary in the same frequency listed above (Barry et al., 2014).

Accordingto the Wall Street Journal, 126,164 males, 13,770 females, and 49,439unknown persons conducted murders in the US between 2000 and 2010.The data compiled information from all the states, except Florida(Barry et al., 2014).

Whitesoften kill the black persons. Similarly, African Americans do killeach other just as they may kill white persons. The penalty formurder for both the whites and the African Americans. However, theAfrican Americans are more likely to rennet in death penalty formurder crimes than the white offenders are. This is caused by thefact that equality is less important than justice is (Barry et al.,2014).

Someof the human factors that may motivate individuals into committingmurder include unemployment, social inequalities, rampant alcoholabuse, availability of firearms, and culture of masculinity. In arecent study, 88% of the renowned criminologists in the US claimedthat death penalty is not an efficient deterrent measure for murdercases (Barry et al., 2014). However, oppositionist argues that it ishard to calculate the adequacy of banning the death penalty onreducing homicides. Besides, they contend that sparing the murderer’slife would be valuing the life of murder than that of the victim.Nonetheless, if even ONE innocent life is spared, it is worth it(Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2013).

Thetaxpayers experience the burden of excessive appeals process thatconvicted murders use when attempting to regain freedom. On the otherhand, the cost of lifetime imprisonment also afflicts the taxpayers.The society bears the cost of losing humanity and the contribution ofthe grieving persons. Although the death sentence aims at vindicatingthe law justice, revenge justice may lead to excess degradation.However, if a person volunteers are receiving a death penalty, a juryof peers can correct the sentence (Federal Bureau of Investigation,2013).

References

Barry,R., Farbman, M., Keegan, J. &amp Kumanan, P. (2014). Murder inAmerica. TheWall Street Journal.

FederalBureau of Investigation. (2013). FBI Releases 2012 Crime Statistics.NationalPress Releases. Web.retrieved on 27 June, 2014 fromhttp://www.fbi.gov/news/pressrel/press-releases/fbi-releases-2012-crime-statistics