Classicism and Social Contract

CLASSICISM AND SOCIAL CONTRACT 4

Classicismand Social Contract

Classicismand Social Contract

Probationand parole are components of criminal justice in American systemwhere there occurs reconciliation between the competing expectationsand contradictory goals in the form of politics. Americans, alwaysdemand protection from the crime where it should not jeopardizeconstitutional rights. Classicism is the change of the EuropeanEnlightenment era of the 18thcentury in which believers rejected religious explanations andspiritualism for criminal manners (Abadinsky, 2012). During thatperiod certain philosophers opposed against French inequitablepunishments, inhumane and penal code. Classicism influences probationand parole through basing justice on equality. At times when the lawsand their enforcement become disparate and unjust accompanied bybrutal punishments, the believers usually demand justice based onpunishment and equality to be proportionate and humane to theoffence. The revolutionary doctrine of equality manipulated AmericaRevolution through declaring that all men are equal.

Socialcontract is a myth in state of affairs where everybody agrees thatall men were created equally suggesting that the conditions of law tobe equal for all. The social contract is usually entitled to havepleasure of the same rights as for the other people. In classicalthought, man is always nature free with natural right’s endowmentin the basis of U.S. Constitution. Incorporation of the socialcontract sentiments U.S. government suggested that men should derivetheir just powers with the consent of being governed since thegovernments are among them. In the philosophy, every man is naturefree, independent and equal where no one can be influenced into apolitical power of somebody without one’s consent (Law Commissionof Canada, 2005). The social contract stipulates probation and parolein conditioning the law to be same for all since all men were createdequal. All people consent to punishment for their safety in crime.The social contract is usually motivated and rationalized by anindividual.

References

Abadinsky,H. (2012). Probation and parole: Theory and practice (11th ed.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

LawCommission of Canada, (2005). Whatis a crime?: Defining criminal conduct in contemporary society.Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.