Cold war effects Unit

Cold war effects

Unit

The Cold War divided the world into three main camps. The NATO campcomprising of the US and her western allies, the Warsaw Campcomprising of USSR and her eastern allies and the non-aligned campcomprised of countries that took no side. This polarization of theworld had many effects with some of them lasting up to now. Some ofthe most noted effects include war in proxy wars in countries such asVietnam, Korea and Afghanistan (Lundestad, 2013). This alignment andother effects resulting from cold war have impacted internationalrelations up to this date. This paper seeks to show that the effectsof the cold war in international relations in modern times go on.

The current situation facing Ukraine is basically a continuation ofthe Cold war. This situation involves a dispute over control of theCrimean capital between the Ukrainian government and Russia. Thisdispute over control of this region that is inhabited by majorityethnic Russians followed the Ukrainian Revolution. The US and Russiahave taken opposing positions on the issue was can witnessed duringthe cold war (Herszenhorn, 2014). The US on one hand supportscontinued administration of Crimea by Ukraine while Russia is keen toannex the region as part of its territory. However, Russia has beenquick to deny such intentions denying the presence of its military inthe region from the very beginning. Nonetheless, media reports showeda series of images and footage of Russian soldiers in the region(McMahon, 2014).

The ouster of President Viktor Yanukovich in February 2014 through arevolution of protests also indicated the Cold War effect. Theprotests were triggered by President Yanukovich choice to abandonplans to partner with the EU and instead signed an agreement withRussian administration. By protesters calling for partnership withthe EU, it was evident they were leaning towards the US which is astrategic partner of the EU. This same kind of alignment defined theCold War era and it still remains. The Russian federation accused theUS and her western allies of sponsoring the protests that led to theouster of President Yanukovich and a new president being installed(McMahon, 2014).

The same situation has been replayed in Syria. The US and her westernallies have taken an opposing position to Russia and her allies. TheUS has accused the government of Assad of killing protesting Syriansindiscriminately. The Obama administration thus threatened to oustPresident Assad to give way to a democratic process and free thepeople of Syria. On the other hand, the Russian government hasremained incessant that President Assad is in office legally and thegovernment has all the rights to quash protests. As a member of theUN Security Council, Russia has insisted that there is no need forforeign intervention in Syria as a sovereign state. The US hasopenly supported the protestors who have been encouraged by thesuccesses of other protests in the Arab world while Russia has stuckby President Assad (Shumilin, 2014).

Such difference in opinion on important matters between Russia andthe US shows that the Cold War is technically continuing. The fall ofthe Soviet Union did not end global polarization but rather a changein name of the major players. It is clear that the two globalplayers, the US and Russia will continue posturing and using proxiesto drive and achieve their agendas which affect internationalrelations not just between the two countries but also involve theirallies and partners.

References

Chongar, R. (2014). Ukraine crisis: On Crimea`s new border theRussian Army waits. Ukraine

crisis: On Crimea`s new border the Russian Army waits. Retrievedonline on 24th June 2014 from,http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/ukraine/10674305/Ukraine-crisis-On-Crimeas-new-border-the-Russian-Army-waits.html

Herszenhorn, D. (2014). Talks on Ukraine crisis open in Kiev withoutrepresentation for

separatists. Retrieved online on 24th June 2014 from,

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/15/world/europe/ukraine-opens-talks-but-eastern-rebels-arent-invited.html

Lundestad, L. (2013). International relations since the end of thecold war: new and old

dimensions. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McMahon, R. (2014). Ukraine Crisis. Retrieved online on 24thJune 2014 from,

http://www.cfr.org/ukraine/ukraine-crisis/p32540

Shumilin, A. (2014). Why The Crisis in Ukraine Will Determine WhatHappens in Syria.

Retrieved online on 24th June 2014 from, http://www.themoscowtimes.com/opinion/article/why-the-crisis-in-ukraine-will-determine-what-happens-in-syria/497908.html