COLLECTIVE BARGAINING 5
Traditionallypeople are known to join unions because they feel alienated fromtheir work. These include people whose professions can be classifiedas informal. Today every employee feels secure in a union and forthis reason we have doctors, teacher and all sorts of professionalsjoining labor unions. This in itself gives the employee the power tolay down terms especially in their area of work. The sport industryhas not been left behind. Unionizing the industry has given thestakeholders’ power to use economic weapons like strike andlockouts to pressure the other party in case of any disputes (Cym,n.d, Hugh & Sue 2013).
Theimportance of unionizing the sport industry is to help solve thedisputes between players and their teams or agents and coach as well(George, 2011). Labor disputes in the sports industry has been inexistence since the 1920s and they are as diverse the same way thesports industry and parties involved are. Disputes in professionalsports involve signing bonuses, salary cap implementations, andincentive-laden contracts among others.
Strikesin the Sports Industry
Strikesin other industries are short lived and their impact is not heavilyfelt because there are options. For example if workers in Fordindustries strike, the employer will be able to act fast becausethere is high risk of losing to the competitors (George, 2011).Strike in the sport industry results to a series talks and at timescan lead to cancellation of a whole or part of the season. Bothparties lose money. The impact of such a strike is felt by players,team owners, league management, associated industries and also thefans. In 1992, hokey players in North America went on strike for tendays. This strike frustrated the fans, the team owners and the leaguemanagement. As a result also other secondary industries were affectedby the strike.
Inthis industry instead of using labor relations rule in place, partiesusing negotiation rules. The various negotiation bodies use tightcontrol negotiations to provide solution to the problems. Before astrike or a lockout is declared, there has to be a series ofnegotiation rounds and arbitrations to try and cool off the dispute.If there is no resolution, the parties can request to use theeconomic weapons like strikes and lockouts.
Collectivebargaining simply refers to the process through which employeesnegotiate labor issues with their employers through a union. Theseissues may include contract terms such as pay, benefits, workinghours, safety policies among others. Collective bargaining acts as amethod of civil rights in the sport industry (Hugh & Sue, 2013).It comes up with rules which define and restrict employers fromexploiting the players and other staff.
Themain importance of collective bargaining is to strengthen theworkforce hence increase their negotiations capacity (Ryan, 2008). It also improves the players’ morale and productivity and helps insecuring a prompt and fair settlement of disputes.
Tothe employers, it provides an easy way for the management to resolvedisputes rather than every player complaining to the management. Italso reduces the cost of labor turnover in the sense that it promotesjob security. The team management will not spend more in signing newquality players.
Tothe fans and the society at large, collective bargaining gives thepeace as it is a guarantee that they will enjoy the sports at alltimes (Ryan, 2008 Cyan, n.d). This is what is referred to asindustrial peace. This also creates a harmonious industrial climatewhich will in turn improve the business for the secondary industriesthus improving the overall economy (Cyan, n.d).
Collectivebargaining also has its dark side in that the decisions proposed bythe union may not be in line with individual point of view. It canalso hinder development in the industry because the management mayfail to implement an idea aimed at improving the teams due to theinterference of the unions (Cyan, n.d).
CymH. (n.d). CollectiveBargainingAndThe ProfessionalTeamSportIndustry.Retrieved 19th June 2014 fromhttp://scholarship.law.duke.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3392&context=lcp
GeorgeY (2011). Avoiding the Next Sports Lockout.Nytimes.com. Retrieved19thJune 2014 fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/27/opinion/27Yorgakaros.html?module=Search&mabReward=relbias%3Ar&_r=0
HughS. & Sue M (2013). A Model For Professionals.Retrieved 19thJune 2014 fromhttp://www.oakbridgesconsulting.ca/system/files/Collective%20Bargaining%20Model%20for%20Professional%20Unions%20-%20White%20Paper.pdf
RyanT. (2008), Beyondthe Box Score: A Look at Agreements inProfessional Sports and Their Effect on Competition.J.Disp. Resol. RetrievedJune 19th2014 from http://scholarship.law.missouri.edu/jdr/vol2008/iss1/12/