Communist Manifesto




Themanifesto of the communist was initially addressed to as themanifesto of the communist political party in Germany. The manifestowas written in the year 1848 by Friedrich Engels and Karl Marx. Inthe current day, the manifesto is referred to as the most influentialamong the political scripts ever written. The manifesto wascommissioned by the league of communist to indicate the purpose andprograms of the league. The aspect of class struggle getsrepresented in the manifesto both in the past and present. Capitalismis portrayed as the cause to the problems in the society however thebook does not indicate the reforms of the communism for thebetterment of the future. The theory indicated by the authorsconcerning the politics, as well as the society, also gets indicatedin the manifesto. The authors stated that the history of the classstruggles exists to the present date they indicate that the problemsof capitalist society should be solved by the use of socialism andlater communism (Marx et al., 2002).


Bourgeoisand proletarians

Thepresent day society is characterized by industrialization. The aspectof class conflict is however evident among the proletariat and thebourgeoisie. Contrary the forces of capitalism do not compact withthe relationship that is exploitive. As a result, the proletariat cancause a revolution. The revolution will however be different from theprevious ones. Revolutions in the past had resulted to the allocationof property to the ruling class the members of the proletariat didnot have any way of acquiring property due to the nature of classthey belonged. Hence on the case that members of the proletariat getcontrol they will abolish the ownership of private property as wellas the classes of people. It is reflective of the world economy inthe present day the private ownership of companies has resulted tooppression of workers (Marx &amp Engels, 2000).

Accordingto the manifesto, revolution is inevitable in the society whilecapitalism is intrinsically unstable. The communists have intentionsof promoting this revolution as well as the associations and partiesthat are working towards its conclusion. They also argue that socialclasses’ elimination cannot get accomplished through the reforms orchanges in government. The communists argue that only revolution isessential for the elimination of social classes. The social classestended to gain much political power through the growth of economicpowers. They hence destroyed the feudal society that tended restricttheir ambition. According to Marx (2002), the bourgeois control wasvery persuasive. The aspect is, however, the current trend in themodern society that individual needs to gain a lesson from (Marx etal., 2002).

Thebourgeois ascendancy created a social class that labored in thebourgeois industries. The class also referred to as the proletariatcomprised of wage laborers who had no ways of making their personalproduction. The proletariats had gotten reduced to trading theirlabor for the sake of living. The aspect was the main consequence ofthe modes of production of the bourgeois. The bourgeois capitaltended to become huge with the increase and expansion of theirindustries while the proletariat, on the other hand, tended to swellas other society classes, small business owners and artisans, andthey could not compete with the bourgeois capitalists. The aspect isa perfect example of the current trends in the society and tends tocriticize most of the current economic markets that humiliate some tobenefit others (Marx &amp Engels, 2000).

Proletariansand communists

Therelationship between the communists and the proletarians is also putinto consideration in the communist manifesto. The main aim of thecommunist was the formation of the proletariat into a class thatwould overthrow the bourgeois supremacy. The theory of communistsdescribed a historical movement that is currently underway. Itentails the private property abolition. Marx argues that communistsgot reproached for their desire to abolish the right of owningprivate property through one’s labor fruits. He also argued thatthe capital or property the communists produced served the purpose ofexploiting others. The property that was under the control of thebourgeoisie represented social power rather than personal power (Marxet al., 2002).

Inthe communist society, labor is inexistence for the laborers sake,but not for the sake of the production of property that is controlledby bourgeois. The aspect of freedom is thus challenged by c communismand, as a result, the bourgeois condemns the philosophy. Marxindicates that the capitalist becomes horrified by the intentions ofcommunism to abolish private property. The idea of communism is notto separating people from the products of labor but rather makepeople not to subjugate other people in the process of appropriation.Thus, there is the indication of the struggle between the two classesin the society. The manipulation of labor for the benefit of thecapitalist in the modern day is also adequately represented in themanifesto (Marx &amp Engels, 2000).

Theobjection towards the ideas of communism also gets indicated in themanifesto. Many political figures argue that people will keep awayfrom work on the occasion that private property got demolished.However, the logic is overruled by the fact that the bourgeoissociety should have been subdued by laziness. In the present day, dueto the aspect of capitalism people who work don’t acquire anythingcontrary to those who do not work and acquire much property. As aresult, there is the establishment of different classes of people inthe society where oppression is evident. The capitalist accusescommunist of destroying the intellectual products but Marxist arguethat it is just a misinterpretation of the manifesto. The manifestoadvocates for the abolishment of the class culture and not of allcultures (Marx et al., 2002).

Thecommunism also gets challenged of the proposal in their manifesto ofabolishing the family. Marx indicates that the present day familyrelies on of the private gains and also the capital. Therefore, Marxindicates that communism is guilty of trying to abolish the modernfamily but it is only in the efforts of eliminating oppression in thesociety. He also indicated that communism do not intend to destroyeducation system but liberate the system from being controlled by theruling class. In accordance to Marx the aspect of education incapitalism is involved in transforming children to objects ofcommerce (Marx &amp Engels, 2000).


Themanifesto of the communist by Marx tries to identify the objectivesof communism. The movement that supports communism indicates that theclass struggles and also the manipulation of one class of people byanother has been the motivation towards developments in the history.The relationship between the classes of people gets elaborated by theerrors in the production process. Thus, the emergence of a revolutionand the oppressed class rises over the ruling class that has beenbenefiting from the production process at the expense of the lowerclass.


Marx,K., Engels, F., &amp Jones, G. S. (2002).&nbspThecommunist manifesto.London: Penguin.

Marx,K., &amp Engels, F. (2000).&nbspTheCommunist manifesto.S. l.: Filiquarian Publishing.