refers to the biological process through which organic wastes arebroken up by microorganisms into humus-like substances this processtakes place under oxygen-rich conditions. Organic wastes include butnot limited to manure, worms, paper, coffee grounds and grasstrimmings (Wiles&amp Lefke 2008).Ideally, composting take place without any human disturbance orinvolvement, however, most people add some water and oxygen to thecomposts with an aim of speeding up the overall process. This processtakes several months to form the final product that is commonly knownas humus.

Identifyits benefits and drawbacks


Ithas a positive impact on the environment since it is acts as a remedyas well as prevents environmental pollution. It accomplishes this bybinding heavy metals and preventing them from finding their ways towaterways or being absorbed by plants. Similarly, it absorbs odors aswell as participates in the degradation process of volatile organiccompounds (Finstein, 2010). Again, when this process divert organicsfor composting it prevents the production of methane and leachate inlandfills. It also plays a key role in the agricultural sector byimproving the physical property of soils, enhancing the chemicalproperties of soils, and improving the biological properties of soil.


  • It is expensive to transport the weighty and bulky product

  • Continuous use of composts to soil may result to retarded plant growth, affect water and soil organisms in a negative way due to the accumulation of nutrients, salt and heavy metal content.

  • The content of composts varies in a greater way than chemical fertilizers.

Explainwhy you would or would not compost

Iwouldcompostsince this it incorporate a free method since it require therecycling of materials already used or that are no longer needed. Itis also environmental friendly since it causes little or noenvironmental pollution.


Finstein,M.S. (2010). Hazardous Wastes. Science,204, 366-1367.

Wiles,C.C &amp Lefke, L.W. (2008). SolidWaste . JournalWater Pollution Control Federation, 44(6),1104-1107.