CriminalLaw Today Chapters 10-11-12 Summaries
Thechapter analyzes crimes against public safety and order and crimesagainst administration of the government and justice. Both crimes areclassified as social order crimes. Public order offenses areclassified as those that invade or disturb society’s tranquilityand peace. Some examples include vagrancy, public intoxication,fighting, affray among others. Laws criminalizing against publicorder offenses assume public order to be innately valuable and shouldbe sustained (Schmalleger, Hall & Dolatowski, 2010). Weaponcarrying is a good example of public order offenses. The finalcategory of social offense is the crimes against government’sadministration, which include treason, rebellion, sedition, briberyamong others.
Thechapter analyzes the crimes against illegal trafficking of drugs,firearms and migrant smuggling. The crimes are classified asorganized crimes, illicit trafficking and terrorism. The crimescommonly happen along the borders of the country. Some migrants crossthe border of the country illegally, which is also considered as acrime (Schmalleger, Hall & Dolatowski, 2010). Border control isthe main measure that has been prioritized most to counter theincreasing of terrorism, migrant smuggling and human trafficking.
Thechapter analyzes the third type of crimes against public morality anddecency as categorized in the social order offence. The crimesassociated with public morality and decency includes drug use,prostitution, gambling, pornography, adultery, fornication amongothers. The crimes are termed as victimless crimes because theyinvolve willing partakers. Pornography usually depicts sexualbehaviors that excite the viewers sexually (Schmalleger, Hall &Dolatowski, 2010). The emerging concern against pornography is put oneffort by lawmakers to restrict on accessing such materials from theinternet. Crime against nature is the sexual intercourse contrary tothe way of nature such as bestiality. Drug abuse and use areclassified as psychoactive and bioactive substances, which can becontrolled. Laws amending public morality are criticized tocontribute crisis of over-criminalization.
Schmalleger,F., Hall, D. E. & Dolatowski, J. J. (2010).Criminal law today (4th ed.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Learning.