BenjaminFranklin: Contribution in the American Revolution
BenjaminFranklin was among the most prolific and celebrated Founding Fathersof America. Benjamin had a wide range of talents and skills whichinclude: being a scientist, inventor, politician, printer and asuccessful diplomat. Among his major achievements is his major helpin the drafting of the Declaration for Independence, as well as hiscontribution in the making of the Constitution of the United Statesof America (Pavao). Benjamin is also recognized as having devised theinitial Albany Plan that was meant for the purposes of creating aninter-colonial government to coordinate efforts of colonizers duringthe Indian and French wars (Pavao) but it became unsuccessful.
Franklinbegan his career as a printer before becoming a publisher andfounding papers. He advanced to becoming a reporter and editor he isrenowned for printing the infamous and historic almanac “PoorRichard’s Almanac (Revolutionary War and Beyond).” Franklinexhibited a unique sense of philosophy through his wise quotes,sayings and maxims. He introduced better transportation plans inPhiladelphia and aided in effecting the same in all of Pennsylvania(Pavao). He also aided the improvement of communication and fosteredthe insurance of property to prevent loss and damage by fire. As aninventor, he aimed at improving the standards of life. One suchinvention is the Franklin stove which he designed with the aim ofmaking the best of electricity to impact on human lives. He alsofounded one of the greatest universities in the globe, which is basedin Philadelphia. As a diplomat, Benjamin stood out among his fellowAmerican diplomats who were deployed to represent the Thirteen Statesin various nations. Every country that received Benjamin was honoredto host a great personality. This is because he displayed exceptiontact, diplomacy, common sense, reputation and ability.
Franklinwas at first a proponent of the colonial monarchy rule but this laterchanged with his conviction of independence and liberation. In 1765,Franklin was residing in London when the Stamp Act was signed(Pavao). He at first did not understand the mindset of thecolonialists and was cited to have reassured the King that theAmericans would solemnly comply by paying the external taxes (customduties) (Pavao). He later became convinced of the idea ofindependence just like many other Americans and he swiped sides tobecome the king’s most aggressive opponent. By the time he wasreturning to the colonies in 1775, Franklin was the most famousAmerican (History.state.gov). This was a time shortly before the warbegan in Concord and Lexington. He was immediately elected intoSecond Continental Congress as a delegate. In the Congress, Franklinproved to be a real patriot by nullifying the King’s colonialpetitions he stood out among many other American patriots. Hestrongly held to the belief that independence was mandatory andinevitable and went ahead to rightly predict that a long war wasneeded for its achievement.
Inthe early part of the Revolution, Benjamin was sent to Franceofficially as an ambassador and diplomat to represent the ThirteenColonies. In Paris, he enjoyed the status of the most highly esteemedstatesman in the world no philosopher or other statesman would haveequaled his achievements and ability. Franklin’s status at presencein Paris angered the British minister and his staff, but Franklin washappy about how he made them feel. His activities in France werefruitful as he aided in the definition of the path for Americanindependence.
Franklinwas never deceived into commissioning incompetent officers he madesuch appointments based on experience in the field in question. Amonghis many successful commissions was that of John Paul Jones,commanding an Admiral in the American Navy of two ships. Jones sailedto the English waters an d lodged a battle. It was fierce but theAmericans prevailed over the opponents forcing two English ships tosurrender. Another remarkable selection was that of Baron VonSteuben. Franklin wrote a long personal letter to him explaining whathe expected of him and noting his ability. Steuben stood out as aleader in the Valley Forge in the tragic winter between 1777 and1778, where he was able to reorganize the Continental Army(History.state.gov). The war surged on with many more leaders beingin support of Franklin’s activities to lobby the French into theirsupport. The French navy was the first to salute the American flagwhen it was hoisted in June 1777 (History.state.gov).
Afterthe Washington had finally won the battle by the defeat of Cornwallisin 1782, with the aid of the French, there rose the problem ofconcluding and sealing the peace. There were French politicians whoset out to make the American Alliance to be of utmost advantage totheir country (Revolutionary War and Beyond). They wanted thesovereignty of the Americans and their independence to be tied tothem by way of a treaty. Franklin knew the politicians quite well andwas well versed with their intentions. He moved on to meet theBritish Commission and obtained a separate treaty (Revolutionary Warand Beyond). The French commission was angered by Franklin’s moveand spoke ill of him. However, unlike many other Americans, Franklinwas undaunted and it is through him that his country obtainedultimate sovereignty and independence.
History.state.gov,.`Benjamin Franklin: First American Diplomat, 1776–1785 – 1776–1783- Milestones – Office Of The Historian`. N. p., 2014. Web. 11 Jul.2014.
Pavao,Janelle. `Benjamin Franklin Biography: His Life and Important Facts`.Revolutionary-war.net,. N. p., 2007. Web. 11 Jul. 2014.
RevolutionaryWar and Beyond,. `Facts about Benjamin Franklin`. N. p., 2014. Web.11 Jul. 2014.