Controversiesin the Article of Halter, Rolin-Kenny and Dzurec
Halter,Rolin-Kenny and Dzurec (2013) discuss various controversies in theDSM-5. One of the main controversies is that one associated withautism spectrum disorders. Persons with previous cases of Asperger’sdisorder are sometimes stigmatized with autism diagnosis. DSM-5 isalso controversial in the sense that disorders that shareschizophrenia-like symptoms are collectively referred to asschizophrenia spectrum disorders. This is more confusing. Anothernotable controversy is that in the DSM-5, the bereavement exclusionrequirement for the diagnosis of major depression has been removed.This removal is likely to result in the unnecessary treatment ofnormal grieving.
ADisorder Requiring More Research and Study
Oneof the disorders in the DSM-5 that require more research and study inorder for it to be understood is the attenuated psychosis syndrome.This is a psychosis-like condition which is below the threshold ofthe full psychotic disorder. It normally causes distress and leads toimpaired function (American psychiatric Association, 2013). The mainsymptoms of this disorder include hallucinations, delusions, anddisorganized speech. Compared to those of psychotic disorders, thesymptoms of the attenuated psychosis syndrome are less severe(American psychiatric Association, 2013).
ResearchQuestion: How is the attenuated psychosis syndrome different fromother types of disorders?
AnOutline of a Research Method for Investigating the Disorder
Oneof the research methods that can be used to investigate attenuatedpsychosis syndrome is a repeated measures design. This type of designis influenced by the need to monitor or observe changes over time. Itinvolves testing a research participant on the same task over a givenperiod of time (Landrum, 2012). An investigator can test a patientfor the symptoms of attenuated psychosis syndrome in a repeatednumber of times in order to ascertain that he or she is not sufferingfrom the full psychotic disorders.
Americanpsychiatric Association (2013). Diagnosticand Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.Retrieved on July 9, 2014 fromhttp://medlib.overlakehospital.org/content/library/DSM5.pdf
Halter,M. J., Rolin-Kenny, D. & Dzurec, L. C. (2013). An Overview of theDSM-5: Changes, Controversy and Implications for Psychiatric Nursing.Journalof Psychosocial Nursing, 51(4): 30-39.
Landrum,R. E. (2012). AppliedProject: Capstone in Psychology.San Diego: Bridgepoint Education.