is referred to as a discomfort in breathing. The condition occursmainly in two types Acute and chronic shortness of breath. Acutecondition happens alongside other symptoms such as pneumonia,pneumothorax and allergy. Chronic shortness of breath is caused byall the factors leading to an acute condition. Further, respiratorysystems disorders, Cardiomyopathy, Obesity and anemia can lead tothis condition (Siegenthaler, 2007).

Pastmedical history shows that condition can also arise fromcertain etiologies. For instance, family and smoking history orrecent surgery may lead to dyspnea. Symptoms of includesudden onset of cough and shark chest pains, crackles, uncomfortablebreathing, suffocation and shortness of breath. Sudden onset of coughis also a significant symptom of dyspnea.

Duringa physical examination, vital signs for fever are reviewed. Theseexaminations focus mainly on pulmonary and cardiovascular systems.During testing of , chest x-ray and pulse oximetry are doneunless it is a known condition. When the condition is known, there isno need for an x-ray for patients with heart failure unless medicalfindings detect unusual severe attacks. ABGs of patients withdeteriorating respiratory conditions are necessary (Siegenthaler,2007). Patients with Pulmonary Embolism should undergo perfusionscanning and CT angiography. Chronic comprises other teststhat include pulmonary and echocardiography. Lung examination is doneto confirm the adequacy of inhaled and exhaled air, breath sounds andwheezing. Neck veins are inspected for distention. The heart is alsoauscultated to detect any additional sounds.

treatment involves the treatment of a condition such as a tumor.Doctors recommend that a patient diagnosed with hypoxemia should besupplemented with additional oxygen. Relaxation and takinganti-anxiety pills is also recommended. Although is a commoncondition, it is poorly addressed in that there are no skilledreceptors. is believed to be caused by an imbalance betweenneurological stimulation and mechanical changes in the lungs andchest. Exacerbation is used to refer to a worsening condition.Antibiotics help prevent this from worsening (Siegenthaler, 2007).


Siegenthaler,W. (2007). Differentialdiagnosis in internal medicine: From symptom to diagnosis.Stuttgart: Thieme.