EFFECT OF DYES ON THE ENVIRONMENT 4
Effectof Dyes on The Environment
Effectof Dyes on The Environment
Theproduction of dyes in the modern industrialized world is beneficialfor the aesthetic and artistic purposes. However, the production ofdyes has an adverse effect on the environment. The use of dyes inmodern day life can be beneficial if organic dyes are adapted insteadof inorganic ones. However, for industrial use, inorganic dyes arenot sufficient or appropriate as raw materials for the production ofthe resulting industrial products. For instance, the use of textiledyes and paper dyes on the textile and food packaging industriesrespectively has dire effects on the environment. Taking textile andfood dyes as an example, this essay will explore the effect of dyeson the environment.
Thehistorical use of dyes in the world is dated back over 5000 yearsago, as human beings desired aesthetical touch in their life (Hunger,2003).Dyes were used to color food and textile for the people in thesegenerations. However, in the ancient times, natural dyes were usedand had no adverse effects on the environment. Hunger(2003)notes that with industrialization, industrial dyes started being usedand developed into the current synthetic dyes that have negativeeffects on the environment. Currently, pigments and dyes are thebasic ways of coloring textiles and packaging some food products. Dueto the negative effects, the use of the dyes the benefits that accrueto the use of dyes is gradually being eroded.
Productionof dyes has a significant impact on the environment, especiallythrough the production of harmful industrial wastes. The wastes fromthe production of the dyes are mostly in the form of wastewater. Inan adverse pollution problem, most of the waste, industrial waterfinds its way to water masses like rivers and oceans. The effects ofthese wastes on the impact the environment, especially on plantspresents a threat to the natural ecosystem. According to Kuhad andSingh(2013),the production of the industrial waste from textile dye industriesaffects the aquatic life of the water masses if the waste is directedthere. This means that further production of dyes will translate tofurther pollution of the environment.
Despitethe pollution problem, the production of dyes is still important forthe modern life, especially in the textile and food industries. Thiscalls for government regulation and control of the situation toensure sustainable production. Due to the effect on the environment,especially on water masses and the general ecosystem, mostgovernments have adopted regulatory measures on the food and textileindustries. Governments require the food and textile industries totreat these wastes to avoid bioaccumulation since they are notdegradable. In addition, they require elimination of color andchemical salts from the wastewater before elimination from theindustries.
Theproduction of dyes such as the textile and food dyes is a sustainableindustrial process and can be regulated. Recycling could be the mostappropriate solution to the problem, especially in the current worldthat has increased demand for food and textile products that requiredyes in their production. For instance, the New York City has a lawthat requires companies to recycle waste water for any company thatproduces over 10% of its waste as industrial waste (Ganiaris& Okun, 2001). All in all, the production of dyes remains anindustrial process that produces waste that negatively affects theenvironment. However, through regulated production and recycling, theproduction of dyes is sustainable.
Ganiaris,G. & Okun, J. (2001) Toriches from rags: profiting from waste reduction: a best-practicesguide for textile and apparel manufacturers.U.S. EPA Region 2.Retrievedfrom, <http://www.epa.gov/region02/p2/textile.pdf> July 3, 2014
Hunger,K., ed. (2003). IndustrialDyes. Chemistry, Properties, Applications.Weinheim: Wiley-VCH
Kuhad,R. C. & Singh,A. (2013). Biotechnologyfor Environmental Management and Resource Recovery.NewYork: SpringerScience & Business Media