EMILY MARTIN’S CLAIM: 2
Martin’smain claim states that the biological processes of the female isinferior to those of the male. She argues that the terms used todepict the egg is more general while the male gamete is depicted witha more masculine term. She approaches scientific writing from theviewpoint of an anthropologist. Martin analyzes the metaphors appliedin teaching biological ideas and claims that these metaphors give animpression of the socially constructed "descriptions of male andfemale. She pays more attention to correspondences made infertilization together with the responsibilities that the sperm andthe egg have. She also shows how terms such as "sheds,""dying" and "debris", as opposed to "produce,"“remarkable" and "amazing", suggest that as “malebiological processes” are superior to "female biologicalprocesses," consequently men ought to be more worthy thanwomen.
Forthat reason, Martin debates that the females’ reproduction systemis depicted as a failure since during their menstrual cycle womenexpel one gamete each month while millions of sperm are produceddaily in the reproduction system males. She describes the scientificreports of reproductive biology, claiming that they give images ofsperm and the egg mostly relying on stereotypes that confirm to bechief to our cultural explanations of male and female.
Theother minor claim is that although women are viewed as the feeblersex, they are indeed strong. She argues that there is a probabilitythat the reason sperms are produced in millions is to ensure thattheir collective effort weakens a single egg for one of them tofertilize it. This claim is used to show the irony in her main claimand that the perception of the female as being inferior to men isusually biased.