Evaluation of a Weight Loss Program

EVALUATION OF A WEIGHT LOSS PROGRAM 6

Weight Watchers is a website on a weight loss program. It isa popular program, which provides guidance to individuals interestedin losing weight. Guidance is from a weight-loss guide, in additionto inspiration from other members. The program provides approaches,tips and recommendations to weight-loss group members.

Key Proposals

Weight Watchers program endorses four success pillars, whichare food, behavior and exercise. The program’s main philosophy isto encourage weight loss through smarter eating, getting support,exercise and development of healthy behaviors. People lose weightthrough creation of a calorie deficit. There are no foodrestrictions rather a points system forms the basis for selectingfoods and attaining daily diet goals (Amy, Olson &amp Jebb, 2011).

Smarter eating is central to weight-loss on Weight Watchers.Food is given a PointsPlus value founded on the level of satisfactionand complexity. For instance, fiber-content foods are complexcarbohydrates, which make the consumer full, thus contain a lowerpoint value (Amy, Olson &amp Jebb, 2011). The same applies forprotein, fruits and vegetables. The program encouraged selection oflean protein and fruits instead of less nutritional foods. ThePointPlus target is founded on height, age, weight and gender.

Self-monitoring acts as a crucial factor to success towards promotinghealthy behaviors. Members are required to monitor daily food intakesand track points all through the day. The program avails an array ofpoint-tracking tools. Responsibility is a basic conduct essential tothe program (Amy, Olson &amp Jebb, 2011). Individuals arerecommended to conduct weekly weigh-ins. Habitual weighing is centralto weight-loss success, as noted in Weight Watchers website.Supportive atmosphere is another proposal. The program urges peopleto attend weekly meeting. During the meetings, they discuss diversetopics linked to nutrition, healthy behavior and activity.

Reasons for Effectiveness

Weight Watchers does not merely provide a different type of diet,instead it focuses on behavior change. People with weight issuesattend weekly lessons, where they get assistance and support. Theyare also advised on types of food to consume and a manner ofassessing their food intake. The supportive educative program hasproven to be effective, especially amid individuals at risk ofdiabetes in America (Boseley, 2010).

Additionally, a number of particular methods are taught, whichimprove cognitive conduct or thinking skills. Referred to the HealthHabits and the Weight Watchers Tools for Living,the methods have proven to be effective. This is because theyrestructure internal perception procedures in a manner, whichimproves the capability of making lasting positive changes.

The program also monitors individuals’ weight on a weekly basis.This is effective as it encourages participants to progress withtheir weight-loss. The measurements are not disclosed, as they areonly visible to the individual measuring the weight and theparticipant. Such a measure enhances the program’s effectivenessbecause people are not psychologically discouraged. Public disclosureof weight has proven to have negative psychological effects, like lowself-esteem amid weight-loss programs participants due to humiliation(Boseley, 2010).

Physiological Components

The program encourages people to choose healthy foods. Through thePointPlus system, it is possible for participants to value the levelof carbohydrates, proteins or fruits that they consume. The programencourages low-carbohydrate intake and more consumption of fruits,vegetables and lean protein (Weight Watchers International, 2008).Fruits and vegetable reduce satiation and hunger. Contrary,carbohydrates make the consumer full. According to WeightWatchers, low carbohydrate diets minimize the general intake ofsugars and fast digestible starches. A common metabolic change theprogram supposes to happen following low carbohydrate intake isketosis (Perrot &amp Bruons, 2006).

Low carbohydrates reduce the insulin circulation level, whichenhances more fatty acids circulation, employed in oxidation andketone bodies production. When carbohydrates reduce, the body becomesstimulated increasing fat oxidation for energy purposes. Byencouraging people to consume less-carbohydrate foods, the programinduces several benefits in participants’ bodies (Perrot &ampBruons, 2006). These include rapid weight loss, reduced fastingglucose and levels of insulin and improved blood pressure. Theprogram also encourages high water intakes especially before meals,which is a method of reducing the amount of food consumed (WeightWatchers International, 2008). Water fills the stomach, thus one eatsless food. It is a strategy of countering overeating.

Critique

Over eating and the type of food that people consume are associatedwith the probability of becoming obese. Individuals that consume lessfatty foods are less likely to suffer from obesity. In addition,people that consume standard amounts of food are able to regulatetheir weight, as opposed to those that eat uncontrollably. Theprogram is effective because it emphasizes on a calculation of foodeaten as a way of regulating weight. Weight Watchers encouragespeople to consume less portions of food. It is a form of regulatingintake of foods high in calories and carbohydrates. At the same time,the program encourages people to take healthy foods, which havenutritional value like fruits. In the end, weight is regulated by theamount of food consumed and is regulated by the type of foodconsumers choose to eat.

Recommendation

The program is recommendable for anyone with obesity. This is becauseit initially offers support and education on weight-loss on a weeklybasis. The weight of the participant is not disclosed hence, one isnot subjected to humiliation. In addition, one does not have to dietor avoid eating specific meals. Most weight-loss programs fail due torestrictions on the types of food that consumers should take. WeightWatchers only advise people to reduce the intake of unhealthyfoods and not stop consumption completely. In the end, weight-lossparticipants are able to stop their unhealthy eating habits in a slowand lasting approach.

References

Amy, L., Olson, A &amp Jebb, S. (2011). Weight Watchers onprescription: An observational study of weight change among adultsreferred to Weight Watchers by the NHS. BMC Public Health,11, 434.

Boseley, S. (2010, Jul. 12). Weight Watchers does work, sayscientists. The Guardian. Retrieved from:http://www.theguardian.com/society/2010/jul/12/weight-watchers-works-say- scientists

Perrot, A &amp Bruons, F. (2006). Low-carbohydrate diets:nutritional and physiological aspects. Obesity Review, 7(1),49-58.

Weight Watchers International. (2008). Start living, start losing:Inspirational stories that will motivate you now. Hoboken, N.J:John Wiley.