Firesafety and hazards
Bureaulabor statistics reveal that explosions and fires accounted for 3% ofwork place fatalities in 2007 (OSHA1 De Koster, Stam, and Balk 754).In fact, the occurrence and risk associated with fires can createcritical challenges for organizations if not managed and checkedeffectively. For critical comprehensions on the contexts andfatalities of fire, it is in order to understand the definition offire protection i.e. the practice and study of alleviating theeffects of possible disparaging fires. As such, fire protectioninvolves the study of suppression, behavior, investigation of firesand the related emergencies (OSHA3).Further, research developed in production testing and application ofmitigating the systems reveal that fire safety is a critical elementof risk mitigation. Structures such as ships or offshore landbased-operators and owners have to retain fire precautions facilitiesin accordance with a design basis that is engrained in bylaws. Assuch places need to have fire alarms, fire codes and local buildingcode, which the authority jurisdiction enforces. The assessment ofthe practice of fire safety and hazard is a significant context inunderstanding occupational safety and critical elements ofpreparedness.
Everyfire is a hazard, and as such people require different kinds ofsuppression systems to ensure effective management of any fire orfire emergency. Fires safety measures aim to prevent the occurrenceof fires and mitigate any presence that may arise whether in businesspremises or within a specific area. In the incident of a fire,protection program helps minimize or prevent personal losses,injuries or harm to the environment. In this regards, the guidelineto develop a fire protection program, identify areas of existencethat need improvement, and promotion of critical contexts.
Ina good environment, fire protection system is required andencompasses such areas as, installation, inspection, operation,maintenance and the testing of all fire protection systems (OSHA6).Assessment of fire risks helps to identify the risks associated withand any extra hazard associated with areas that may generate fireemergencies or fire occurrences. Fire hazard include: the situationthat increases the likelihood of an event of fire happening oractions that impede effective escape courses in the event of fire.The threat of fire safety is fire hazard.
Della-Giustina(16) contends that international laws of fire place the safety ofpeople as the predominant factor and countermeasure of protectingpeople against all forms of fire. As such, individuals and peopleinvolved in the management of organizations should ensure that theyobserve all safety measures, laws and regulations set inorganizations emergencies manuals to ensure people’s safety. DeKoster, Stam, and Balk (756)assert that regular inspection premises and renovations of materialsto conform to set-procedures enable organizations to mitigate andinhibit the occurrence of fires. Such inspection should also check onareas of improvement and external factors that may increase thechances of fire occurrence. In fact, fire safety is a specificstandard for record keeping in the shipyard employment, long shoring,marine terminals, construction industry, gear certification and thegeneral industry. For people to understand the effective assessmentof fire, they need to understand the areas or factors that causefire.
Peopleneed to have a regular plan and an assessment plan that will ensurethe implementation of risk factors assessments. This will helpidentify the areas that need attention and to keep the occupantssafe. While evaluating the fire risks, one should include the controland hazard information, as well as the relevant requirements andlegal standards. In assessment, areas such as potential fire hazards,appliances, electrical equipment used and hazardous materials usedshould be in safety conditions. The building storage areas, floorlayout emergency lightings and the building materials should be freefrom fire causative agencies (Della-Giustina 16). As such, in case ofa fire, the damage caused should be minimal since insulatingmaterials and keeping materials out of the risk of fire means thatsuch a fire would not have a reagent factor. In this regards,assessment is highly critical to an effective fire safety plan as ithelps people in understanding the extent of a fire damage and meansthrough which people can mitigate such extents.
Inthe assessment plan, the establishment of people exposed to the riskof fire, the property in danger of damage and the environment aroundshould inform fire inspectors and risk mitigations personnel of anyrisks or occurrences. The assessment plan also contains a descriptionof the different injuries that people may encounter, areas that mayhave the highest fire occurrence, and any material within a buildingthat may generate high risk of fire. Controls assessed should involvethe means of fire extinguishers containment, administrative controlsput in place in case of work place, and plans that may lessen anyimpact. The storages of combustible liquids or substances thatincrease the spread of fire should meet the highest standards(Della-Giustina 16). Such plans ensure that lack of effectivemaintenance plans may not cause or increase the spread of fire. Inaddition, assessments should encompass education plans and manualsfor educating people on the occurrence of fire and risks associatedwith fire.
Thecourse of evaluation is to ascertain the fire hazards, effectivenessof controls and the emergency preparedness. By use of informationcollected, one should develop elementary strategies and valuationchecklists to record all observations identified (Goetsch23).The results of the findings will assist in determining the need toimplement or improve the existing fire safety precautions. Inaddition, organizations should ensure that they rate fire controls,procedures and emergency plans. Hazards identified in the area underassessment need to be identified for severity, frequency, and theprobability of any injuries. In case of any changes, re-modificationof buildings, or existence of an external factor that may cause fire,one should re-assess the fire safety measures.
Activitiesconducted in premises should ensure that they discourage risk factorsor the occurrence of fire. In case of work adequate waste disposals,unobstructed aisles and fire exits should be controlled and madeavailable or highly maintained. Regulation of activities should beof proper standards to ensure that fires do not arise out ofnon-compliance or ignorance (Goetsch23).Every industry or work place should have a safety guideline andprocedure that controls the activities taking place. Control ofactivities done will help to ensure that fire risk and hazard aremitigated or prevented.
Thedesign of work places or a premise should conform to internationalfire standards such as proper storage facilities, fire proofing ofbuildings, control of explosives, sprinkler systems, and proper firedoors. Design of work places should ensure equipment needed for fireextinguishers are available and in good working condition.
Firecontrol and prevention
Firesafety measures start with protecting people residing in premises oroperating in a given area. The most effective way of fire control isto minimize or eliminate its happening. When a fire occurs, peopleshould take abrupt actions to control and prevent such fires fromspreading. Fire prevention practice involves coordination betweenpeople using the premises and the owners of the places to ensure thatthe safety precautions are available.
Fireemergency strategies outline the sequences and the procedures thatshould be followed when fire strikes. The purpose of the emergenceplan is to ensure the health and safety of people and to mitigateproperty any damage to the environment. The strategy should cater forthe “worst case” scenarios with simple guidelines and wellunderstood by everyone. This will assist cooperation between peopleinvolved in safety measures.
Peopleneed to conduct a regular fire inspection to ensure that at all timesthe fire standard safety measures are present (Goetsch23).In addition, inspections help to detect any deviation from, or theshortcomings of control standards and emergency procedures. In caseof deviation of the standards expected, organizations should actquickly and have a regular review. Organizations should ensure safedisposal of flammable materials and regulate their use. In addition,they should have a risk follow-up plan to review dangers and areas ofconcerns. All fire protection equipments should be up to date and ofhigh standards. A Standby Fire Protection plan enables an effectivemitigation and prevention plan in case of occurrence.
Stepsin case of fire
Incase a fire occurs, people near a fire alarm should press the alarmsto notify other people. In addition, organizations should have firealarms that send notifications to people within the premises and fireextinguishers organizations. In cases, where an organization lacksalarms connected to fire fighters, the organization should alert thefire brigades immediately. There should be alarms everywhere in abuilding, to ensure that immediately a fire occurs people arealerted. The alarms may be horn speakers, light, visible output ortactile.
Thelocal police department, hospital, ambulances workplace security andany neighboring industry at risk should be alerted of the fire(Goetsch23).This ensures that people with injuries receive the needed treatment.As such, an effective communication plan ensures that an organizationprotects its workers from fire hazards. In addition, an organizationshould communicate any updates or reviews of fire plans to employeeseffectively and amiably.
Thevolumes of flammable materials, potential toxic materials and areasof high risk should be well maintained or inhibited to exposure. Incase the fire occurs in an industry, all processes should be shutdownto ensure that they do not increase the risks of fire. Equipment suchas hoses personal protection and use of emergency lighting powershould be ready for use. Organizations should also have safety, broadexists, and leeway to ensure people exit premises well.
Exitsfrom premises should be adequate, properly marked and accessible toall. In case people are trapped in the premises, plans for drillingto evacuate them should be started immediately. Evacuation shouldtake the centre of any activity that an organization shouldcultivate. Organizations should have headcounts immediately peopleconvene in fire points.
Della-Giustina,Daniel E. FireSafety Management Handbook.Crc Press, 2014.
DeKoster, Rene, Daan Stam, and Bert M. Balk. "Accidents happen:The influence of safety-specific transformational leadership, safetyconsciousness, and hazard reducing systems on warehouse accidents."Journalof Operations management29.7 (2011): 753-765
Goetsch,David L. "Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists,Engineers, and." (2011).
OSHA."Safety and Health Topics | Fire Safety." Safetyand Health Topics | Fire Safety.OSHA, 12 Oct. 2011. Web. 15 June 2014.<https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/firesafety/>.