FOOD WINE & CULTURE CALIFORNIA 8
FoodWine & Culture California
Supplyand demand are the backbones of the market economy. Supply is thequantity that the market can offer while demand is what buyers arewilling to buy. Factors influencing supply and demand for foodinclude the following Food prices In the recent months, food priceshave been rising across America due to improved supply chains thathave led to commodities being traded globally. This causes a declinein supply with an increase in demand.
Foodscarcity is another factor. A shortage of food occurs when productionis insufficient. This occurs when crops fail, as a result, of pests,drought and uneven distribution of resources in the country.Volatility refers to price fluctuations in the market. Factorsleading to volatility include changing weather conditions andseasonality of some products.
Avast majority of religions have a cuisine associated with theirculture. People around the world incorporate dietary in theirreligious practices. The Catholics forbid and restrict certain foods.During Mass, there is consumption of bread, and this shows theevolution of religion and tradition. The Roman Catholics accept theuse of wine as sacramental to represent the blood of Jesus Christ anddisregard use of tobacco products due to its side effects on theusers.
Consequently,fasting is an important element for the Christians. It is viewed asan act of atonement and a way of cleansing evil.
Tostart with, climate is a geographical factorinfluencing people`s food habits. The frequency of growingand harvesting seasons per year is determined by the climatic changeduring that period. Different regions produce differently due to thevarying weather conditions. Religion factors alsoaffect people`s behavior and food choices (Kittler et al.,2012). For instance, the Jews and Islam do not eat pork since theyconsidering them as unclean based on their scriptures. Further,cultural influences and traditions deter people’s food habitsin that one is forced to adopt certain food habits and culture whilemoving to new countries.
Californiacuisine refers to a type of food made from locally grown ingredients.Farmers in California stock assorted vegetables and fruit throughoutthe year to prepare different types of dishes referred to asCalifornia Cuisine. California chefs use different ingredients whilecooking to come up with different cuisines (Schlosser, 2012). Bothhome and restaurant chefs combine different components and come upwith new inventions. They also apply different toppings formingdifferent types of dishes served worldwide.
Fastfoods are readily made foods, which are served fast. It is on recordthat Americans love fast foods (Schlosser, 2012).These foods includeburgers, pizza and fried potatoes. Some advantages include the aspectof fast foods saving time. One would prefer eating fast food overcooking a meal. In addition, fast foods are cost effective. It ischeaper for one to buy fast food as compared to cooking. Due toincreased numbers of fast food restaurants, employment has alsoincreased to this effect. The drawbacks of these fast dishes includethey affect one`s health. This is because they are rich in unwantednutrients and harmful bacteria. Further, calories and fat in fastfoods are not utilized and thus increasing the risk of being obese(Schlosser, 2012).
Theresearch published by the World Health Organization suggested thatunless the government takes action to regulate fast food industries,the market will continue promoting obesity globally causing a threatto public health (David De Volgi, 2007). Though healthy meals areexpensive, measures should be established to ensure that healthy andfresh food is served. The government should also promote growers byincreasing subsidies.
Westerndiet is commonly known as junk foods. It is a diet saturated in fatsand lack key nutrients. This causes health problems leading to heartdiseases, diabetes and cancer. These diets are characterized asleading to premature illness, deaths and aging (Kittler et al.,2012). By following dietary recommendations, the risks associatedwith western diets can be reduced and ultimately eliminated.
NativeAmericans highly appreciate their traditional beliefs in relation tospirituality, wellness and harmony. Different tribes vary in theirfamily structures. Most of these comprise of extended families, withhigh fertility rate and some headed by single parents. In thetraditional Native American, elders and medicine in the communityhold healing positions due to their experience and wisdom. Religionwas also a way of life (Kittler et al., 2012). They considered it asan important aspect of life for the community, family and individual.
Overthe past three decades, international wine industries have beenundergoing restructuring processes. The European wine giants such asFrance and Italy no longer dominate the market. New producers,production, marketing and innovation are a growing trend in wineindustries today. Consequently, skills and training are valued byfirms to increase production.
Modernwine industries demonstrate innovation territories by enhancing acohesive relation between producers, suppliers, government and theorganizations. This helps to foster growth and stark contrast withthe competitors.
Franceis considered the most significant wine producing country in theworld. This is because it produces wine of greater quality andquantity. Many varieties are produced, and new styles adopted.Climate, topography and geology favor wine production in France(Paul, 2008)
Themost recognized regions include Alsace region located in easternFrance. Mostly, it specializes in the production of white wine suchas Pinot Blanc and Gewurztraminer. Beaujolais region located incentral East of France is known in its production of red wineincluding, Beaujolais and Vin de primeur. Bordeaux is a region widelyknown in the production of red wine including ChâteauLafitte-Rothschild and Château Latour (Paul, 2008).
Italycomprises a significant portion of the international wine market.Some of the regions producing wine include Abruzzi region locatedmiddle south of Italy. It is largely known for its MontepulcianoD`Abruzzi, made from red Montepulciano grape. These are high acidwines, and fatty foods and chicken would complement then.
Campaniaregion is known for its production of white variety and Greco diTufo made from the Aglianico grape. Apulia region producesdifferent types of wines including Salice Salentino and Rosso diCerignola. While serving pasta with tomato sauce, these wines aremeant to complement.
Thereare main differences between wines from Bordeaux and Burgundy. Winefrom Bordeaux uses cabernet sauvignon and merlot for blends andsauvignon Blanc for white blends. However, wine from Burgundy usespinot noir for red varietal wine and chardonnay for white wine.Burgundy is in a cooler climatic region than Bordeaux. Bordeaux wineshave bold textures and strong flavors while Burgundy wines are softand elegant (Kittler et al., 2012). Examples of Bordeaux winesinclude Pertus, and Cheval Blanc while Burgundy wines includeRomanee and Vougeot.
Winesdiffer in their variety and characteristics. The main distinction iscolor. Red wines are red while white wines are white in colour. Everywine producer has different recipes to prepare a variety of wines.The age of wine is also a distinguishing element, the older the winethe bolder the flavor. Different grapes are used to produce a varietyof wines and thus differ in flavor. Dry white and red wines do betterwith cheese. Pinot Noir would match well with duck or turkey(Harrington, 2008). Most European foods will pair with wine producedin the same region.
Differentwines complement or contrast with different food. To start with,people have a pairing of Red wine with fish. Red wine containstannins and combining them with a fish dish imparts a metallic tasteto the wine, and this is not recommended. An instancewhere people have a contrast is when one combines an acidicwhite wine with a fish dish. The combination of sweet wine withpudding is used to illustrate a complement of food and wine(Harrington, 2008).
Slowfood is a nonprofit organization based in Italy and it wasfounded in 1986 by Carlo Petrini. He believes that everyone has rightto quality and decent food. It encourages farming and livestockrearing. This movement has spread worldwide and aims at producingsustainable goods, as well as promoting small businessmen. Thismovement encourages opposition to fast foods and improves the qualityof life. It also educates the public on local productions andconservation of traditional foods.
Urbanfarming involves utilization of city resources that would beotherwise go to waste. This entails using building tops, river banksand empty parking lots as gardens. It helps create a better livingenvironment by making the city productive and greening it up. It alsomakes use of valuable resources, creates jobs, food and income. Thedrawbacks of urban agriculture include legal and economicimpediments. Due to motor vehicle pollution, roadsidecultivations are not recommended. Diseases can be spread, as aresult, of using waste untreated water in irrigation.
Harrington,R. J. (2008). Foodand wine pairing: A sensory experience.Hoboken, N.J: John Wiley.
Kittler,P. G., Sucher, K., & Nahikian-Nelms, M. (2012). Foodand culture.Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage Learning.
Paul,H. W. (2002). Science,vine and wine in modern France.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Schlosser,E. (2012). Fastfood nation: The dark side of the all-American meal.Boston: Mariner Books/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.