Fromalcoholism to sobriety
Thereis one well known disease that damages both the physical and themental welfare of its victims. It brings about depression, damagesinternal organs and in some cases leads to death. Distinctive fromother chronic diseases that only endanger its primary victims,alcoholism can impose injury to family members, friends and even tooutsiders. Almost 18 million Americans experience alcohol problemaccording to NCADD-National Council on Alcoholism and DrugDependency.
Theoutcomes of alcoholism are overwhelming because not only does intenseconsumption deteriorate internal organs such as kidneys and theliver, but also alcoholics can turn violent towards their loved onesdue to uncontrollable emotions depression and out lashes propagatedby their addiction. This paper, therefore, discusses the issue ofalcoholism, its dangers and how to recover from its uneventfulending.
Theproblems of alcoholism occur in different degrees of severity. Wellknown of them all is alcohol abuse. It can be defined as dangerous orunhealthy drinking, for instance, too much drinking at a time ordrinking on a daily basis though the victim is not dependent on it.The victim continues to drink despite facing recurring personal,social and legal problems. The following are some of the problemsthat occur due to alcohol abuse poor work performance, abandoninghousehold duties, driving while drunk, reduced inhibitions, slurredspeech, confusion memory problems, motor impairment, concentrationproblems, passing out and violence (Melinda,2014). However,most of the times the outcomes of abuse are easy to notice abusersor even loved ones have difficulties in identifying the basic reasonsfor drinking. Most of the abusers drink in order to evade unpleasantrealities for instance death of a loved one or problems in theirplace of work. Others abuse it so as to unleash or suppress negativefeelings, making them irrational once they are under the influence.This frequently leads to over consumptions during each seating.
Amore serious problem is alcoholism or alcohol dependency. Thiscondition is usually chronic and in mostly progressive condition thatcomprise of a strong desire to drink irrespective of interpersonal orsocial problems, for instance, losing a job or failing relationshipwith loved ones. In some cases the alcoholic can be predisposed toaddiction via genes passed down in blood with histories ofalcoholism. Other causes for this addiction are increased prominenceof the need for the stuff, over competing responsibilities and needs,an acquired forbearance to alcohol and withdrawal symptoms.Expounding on the issue of tolerance, the alcoholic partakes morethan he used to drink in order to get drunk or feel relaxed. Thevictim drinks more than his colleagues without getting drunk. When anindividual finds himself with such signs, then it could be warning toalcoholism (Mark, 2014).
Toleranceimplies that, over time, the victim will need extra alcohol to getthe same effects. On the other side, withdrawal means that the victimdrinks heavily making the body get used to alcohol and henceexperiences symptoms of withdrawal if the alcohol is not taken. Thesesymptoms may include jumpiness or anxiety, depression, fatigue, lossof appetite, sweating, trembling or shaking, irritability, headacheand insomnia. If there happens to be a history of alcohol dependencyin a given family, the genetic composition of the family does notdirectly lead to alcoholism.
Nevertheless,when the genes interchange with high levels of social influences andstress, there is a high risk that alcohol dependence could occur.Additionally, those who are victims of mental health problems forinstance depression, anxiety or bipolar disorder are too particularlyat risk since they may use alcohol to self-meditate. It is a tendencyfor alcoholics to spend immense time recuperating from hangovers andother outcomes of drinking making them neglect responsibilities ormiss social activities. Additionally, a noticeable escalation inalcohol tolerance comes about, therefore, increasing the urge todrink more to gain the effects (EdStetzer,2014)
Detoxifiedalcoholics most of the times experience visuospatial andvisuoperceptual deficits shown by difficulties in accomplishing tasksfor instance map reading or putting aggregates of a puzzle together.A new study has shown that, even with extended sobriety, alcoholdependants show deficits in frontal executive performance of thebrain and visuoperception. This implies that how these people used toperform the task was distinguishable from the manner controls carriedout the task. I.e. the basic element processes used to perform thistask were different. Not able to invoke ordinary visuoperceptualabilities, alcohol dependants relied on extremely complicatedcognitive system to execute the visuoperceptual learning task abovewhat is required by controls.
Themost possible problem with this fact is that if the same system(frontal executive functions) is required for a competing task,alcohol dependants may be disadvantaged since that system would, inone way or another, be engaged. For instance, driving or tasks thatnecessitate sequencing, decision making, and judgment, complicatedtasks that require organization visuospatial data such as dentistry,planning or working with heavy machinery in construction.
Ifa victim of alcoholism is ready to admit that they have the problemthat becomes the very first step to fleeing from their bondage. Ittakes immense effort, courage and strength to face alcoholism andalcohol abuse head on. The second step to sobriety is reaching outfor support. Support from rehab centers, self-help programs, gettingtherapy or taking a self-directed approach is very helpful. Gainingsobriety becomes much easier when a victim has people they can relyon for guidance, comfort and encouragement. With no support, it islikely to fall back to the custom when things get rough (Natasha,2014).
Continuedrecovery relies heavily on procedural mental treatment, adoptinghealthier coping strategies and formulating better judgment whendealing with such challenge in life. So as to remain sober for thelong term, the victims also have to deal with the primary issues thatled to their addiction in the first instance. Some of those problemscould be inability to manage stress, depression, several mentalwelfare issues and unsettled trauma from the victim’s childhood. Such problems may surface when the victim is no longer using alcoholto suppress them. It is strongly recommendable that the victim not tooverlook then as he may be in better position once he addresses thoseissues at last.
Treatmentfor alcoholism can be divided into two i.e. those given to seriouslyalcoholic victims and those administered to victims at risk ofbecoming alcoholic. Treatment for alcoholic entails utilizing supportgroups, psychotherapy, setting short term goals and prevention ofrelapse. Alternatively, those wishing to recover from alcoholism cantry out the Twelve Step Program. However, there is no adequate proofto back up the application of anticonvulsants to treat victims ofalcoholism. If someone notices the signs mentioned above, it isadvisable for them to seek medical assistance without hesitation. Thedoctor can assess where the victim is an alcoholic via medical orbehavioral evaluations or a blend of both.
Inbehavioral evaluations, the doctor reviews victim’s history ofalcohol use, environmental factors for instance influence from familymembers and friends on degree of stress as well as their beliefs andattitude. Medical assessments entail physical assessment thatexamines signs and symptoms of persistent alcohol use and dependenceplus tests from laboratory results and analysis of genetic factors tosee if alcoholism is rampant in the family.
Theright approach to recovery will assist alcoholics and abusers ofalcohol gain control of their lives. Nonetheless, recuperatingalcoholics often suffer from relapse. If this happens, it is prudentto terminate drinking anymore and seek medical attention. The path tosobriety is long and tedious however, with tough support and lovefrom friends and family members, as well as professional assistance,the end is not beyond reach.
Inconclusion, the issue of alcoholism and alcohol abuse is becomingrampant in today’s society. Consumption of alcohol has led to manyunpleasant experiences and as mentioned earlier, this not onlytouches the addicts and the abusers only but unfortunately extends tothose that surround them. As is has been seen in this course, alcoholdrinking has no good fruits whatsoever. Though it is easy to startthe habit of drinking, but it is wise to count the cost before it istime to regret.
Tracy, Natasha. (2014).Howto Deal with an Alcoholic.Retrieved from: http://www.healthyplace.com/addictions/alcoholism/how-to-deal-with-an-alcoholic/Mark S.(2014).Dealingwith Denial in Alcoholism.Retrievedfrom: http://psychcentral.com/lib/dealing-with-denial-in-alcoholism/000261EdStetzer. (2014).Dealingwith Alcoholism: My Interview with an Anonymous Pastor and Recovering Alcoholic.Retrieved from: http://www.christianitytoday.com/edstetzer/2013/december/dealing-with-alcoholism-my- interview-with-anonymous-pastor.html?Paging=offSmith,Melinda. (2014). AlcoholAddiction Treatment & Self-Help.Retrieved from: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/alcohol_abuse_alcoholism_help_treatment_prevention. htm