FRONT DOOR PROGRAMS 3
Fightingcrime is necessary for enhancing security in any country. At thecenter of efforts to fight crime are prisons and jails orcorrectional facilities where guilty individuals are expected toserve their sentences. Nevertheless, recent times have seen anincrease in the interest on programs that allow for a reduction ofprison populations, some of which fall under the category of frontdoor programs (Abadinsky, 2012). Front door programs are aimed atsending a lower number of individuals to prison for a considerablyshorter periods of time thereby decreasing the prison population(Abadinsky, 2012). There are varied actions that fall under thiscategory including repealing the mandatory minimum sentencing laws,establishment of the presumptive sentencing guidelines premised onpolicies that the length of prison sentences must be lowered byparticular percentages, reduction of the number of offenses that havesentencing as an option, discouragement of prison sentences that areless than 6 months, diversion of drug dependent offenders to drugtreatment programs, and even the development of less punitivepolicies for dealing with community supervision violations, as wellas prohibition of prison admissions in instances where the prisonpopulations have gone beyond 95% of their capacity (Abadinsky, 2012).
Theseprograms are considerably effective in their reduction of the numberof individuals that are eventually incarcerated in prisons or eventhe length of time that they spend in the correctional facilities. Acase in point is the Florida prison, a maximum security prison whosepopulation was threatening to exceed its capacity (Siegel&Senna, 2009).However, the implementation of front door policies coupled with backdoor policies such as large-scale amnesty for inmates who had beenconvicted of non-violent offenses and even parole systems in 2007reduced the prison populations by more than 46% (Siegel&Senna, 2009).
Abadinsky,H. (2012). Probation and parole: Theory and practice (11th ed.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Siegel,L. J., & Senna, J. J. (2009). Essentialsof criminal justice.Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.