GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP WILL HELP THE WORLD TO BE MORE UNITED 16
GlobalCitizenship will help the World to be more United
Table of Contents
1.0 Executive Summary 3
2.0 Introduction 4
3.0 Background Information on Global Citizenship 4
3.1 Debates on Global Citizenship 6
3.2 Advantages of Global Citizenship 7
3.3 Disadvantages of Global Citizenship 11
4.0 How Global citizenship unifies the World 12
5.0 Conclusion 14
6.0 References 16
Thetopic to be discussed is global citizenship will help the world to bemore unified. This essay will entail the introduction of the issuethat is global citizenship by providing the definition of the termglobal citizenship. Additionally, it will analyze the backgroundinformation of global citizenship including the debate about theissue that will entail controversies about the aspect of globalcitizenship, salient features of citizenship for instance it is achoice and way that influences thinking, it is also considered to beself awareness and awareness for others, Global citizenship as thecultivation of principled decision making, and Global citizenship astaking part in the political and social life of a specific community.Itsadvantagesthat include enables individuals to have a positive perception ofthe world, it recognizes that individuals have power and they are ina position to change things and make decisions, helps in dealing withinequalities, it is pertinent to learning and it gives it a meaning,and it enhances education. It will also analyze disadvantages ofglobal citizenship for instance result in cultural and economicproblems, spread of disease, and unemployment. Additionally, it willanalyze arguments on how global citizenship will help in uniting theworld whereby most scholars argue that global citizens are supposedto think in international terms and be patriots to their own nations. This essay will also have a conclusion that summarizes the keypoints discussed in the essay. This essay will be of greatsignificance because it will enable one to understand the definitionof global citizenship, its essential features, and various issuessurrounding global citizenship. It will also enable me and otherindividuals to fully understand the contributions of globalcitizenship towards uniting the world.
GlobalCitizenship will help the World to be more United
Thetopic to be discussed is global citizenship will help the world to bemore united. Global citizenship originates from two words global andcitizenship. Global simply refer to the entire world whilecitizenship refers to the lawful right to belong to a distinctnation. Global citizenship is not a new concept, although, in thepresent world, it has a new meaning, and it is of greatersignificance than before (Oxfam GB, 2014, p.1). Because the currentworld is becoming more interlinked daily, as a result, of technology,trade and commerce, and transnational changes, there is a need toeducate learners on how to become global citizens.
3.0Background Information on Global Citizenship
Globalcitizenship can be defined as a state of being a resident of aspecific country and accepting its responsibilities. It is a conceptthat is quite challenging to understand because many individualsusually relate citizenship with some patriotism related requirements.The most significant aspect about global citizenship is that thereare responsibilities, but also rights related with being a globalcitizen. The greatest opportunity that enables one to become auniversal citizen is education (Oxfam GB, 2014, p.1). A globalcitizen is an individual with the capability of challenginginjustice, values and respects diversity, understandsinterconnectedness, and takes actions in a meaningful manner. Globalcitizenship enables learners to know and exercise their human rightsin a manner that show solidarity with human beings and lead topositive effects on the globe. I will support the research topic thatindeed global citizenship will help the world to become more united.
Globalcitizenship entails various features for instance it is a choice andway that influences thinking. There are different interpretations ofglobal citizenship, and this may depend on an individual (Oxfam GB,2014, p.1). Individuals consider themselves to be internationalcitizens through their varied life experiences. Global citizenshipmay be practiced at home through taking part in global activities.Others argue that the global citizenship implies having a firsthandexperience with international people and countries. In mostinstances, there is a connection between international and global(Delanty, 2000, p. 12).
Itis also considered to be self awareness and awareness for others. Asglobal educator refers to it, it is very challenging to tutorintercultural understanding to learners who are not informed aboutit, and put up in a society that shapes their attitudes. Thereforethe awareness of the globe around every student starts with selfawareness. It also enables learners to recognize themselves with theuniversalities of experience, thereby increasing their identificationwith individuals from different parts of the globe (Delanty, 2000, p.20). It allows individuals to practice ethnic empathy. Interculturalcompetence is highly considered as an objective of global education,and there is important relevant information on this topic. There areover 30 instruments to evaluate intercultural competence.Intercultural competence enables individuals to look at issues fromdifferent perspectives and especially among cultures.
Globalcitizenship as the cultivation of principled decision making. Itentails an understanding of the interdependence of systems and peopleaccompanied with a sense of responsibility. Although the objective ofan undergraduate should not be to come up with correct responses,cultural empathy, critical thinking, and ethical systems, and choicesare vital elements to principled decision making (Delanty, 2000, p.20).
GlobalCitizenship as taking part in the political and social life of aspecific community. There are different types of communities fromlocal to international, and political to religious groups. Globalcitizens have a close relationship to their communities and transformtheir relationships into participation. Participation may entailmaking appropriate personal choices, volunteering, politicalactivism, and voting. The issue may entail the environment, poverty,trade, human rights, and health.
3.1Debates on Global Citizenship
Themajor debates surrounding global citizenship entails questions aboutthe communities that individuals belong to, the values that they aresupposed to maintain, the manner in which they should exercise theircivic and political rights, and the individual sham they areaccountable to and reasons that give an explanation for theaccountability.
Thedebate about global citizenship and cosmopolitan polity has resultedin various complexities. For instance, Nussbaum (1997, p. 17) arguedthat political legitimacy can only be accessible in a globalcommunity of individuals who understand their moral obligations tothe entire globe changing community that is build on a common andshared past to an unavoidable shared global future. From thedefinition of a global citizen to the structural foundation makes theissue of cosmopolitanism a divided one. Literature on this pressingdebate, from various disciplines like philosophy, internationalrelations, and cultural studies offer divergent and rich thoughts.
Dower(2003, p. 32), a current proponent of global citizenship highlightedthree key contingents to the debate about citizenship. As a normativeclaim, it results in ethical and moral questions on the manner inwhich individuals should act. Secondly, as an existential claim, werefer to our current world to assess where international communitycan be found. Thirdly, as an inspirational claim, global citizenshiplooks into the future. For instance, the institutional, legal, andpractical frameworks that is required for the globe to become one.According to Heater (2002, p.17), there are four meanings that can beused to describe global citizenship. Firstly, there are those whofeel a sense of belonging to the international community, those whoseactions can easily be associated with an environmental cause. Thethird and fourth category involves varied laws that are applicable tointernational order like global human rights law, and natural law,and lastly, the aspiration for a global government.
Theabove mentioned components make up the ingredients of globalcitizenship the amount and type that everyone is supposed tocontribute is still contested (Dower, 2003, p.13). Therefore, thenormative claim draws upon the responsibilities of internationalcitizen who agrees to some type of engagement like an aggressiveglobal citizen in practicing his responsibility, and some perceptionstowards human beings in general.
Globalcitizenship is related with various capacities of the mind: "The capability to understand oneself and the globe around one, tocompare and contrast, to see relationships in power, and to balanceof one`s own realities and outer realities" (Dower,2003, p.13).Other theorists are concerned with the significance of workingtowards an infrastructure that can enable them to practice globalcitizenship the assertion that individuals have the moral capacityto become an international citizen is a given, but global institutionis still unclear.
3.2Advantages of Global Citizenship
Themain advantage of global citizenship is that individuals who look atthemselves as global citizens will have a positive perception of theworld. They not only think about their own nations, but they think ofgood things that should happen across the world. This may influencethem to put in efforts to fight against issues like climate change ifat all it affects the economy of the country. This implies that itpromotes policies that are good for the globe (Davies, A. & Reid,2005, p. 25).
Globalcitizenship recognizes that individuals have power and they are in aposition to change things and make their own decisions. Individualscan learn a variety of things, and they can be inspired byindividuals that have worked hard to change the world (Heater (2002,p.17). This can be done through things like purchasing fair tradecommodities, debate against discrimination and injustice, becomeactivists for instance they can draw encouragement from GeneticallyModified Foods (GM) foods, and bank with an ethical investor.
Furthermore,we are staying in a world that is quite unfair and unequal and globalcitizenship can assist in dealing with these inequalities. The commonissues within our societies include discrimination and injustice. Forinstance, in Britain, poverty has been found out to be the key causeof underperformance in schools, as well as social, physical, andemotional damage (Heater (2002, p.17). Internationally, there are somany examples to describe inequality.
Globalcitizenship can challenge the misinformation and stereotypedperceptions about most of the world countries, and this enableschildren to counter intolerance and ignorance. There are severalassumptions, opinions, and half truth about the World countries.Unbiased learning needs critical thinking, which forms the mainelement of global citizenship. A study carried out by theInternational Broadcasting Trust indicated that "Schools workhard to inform and engage, but compete with overwhelmingly negativeimagery that dominates portrayals of the developing world (Heater(2002, p.17). Most young people have experienced a connection withthe developing world at some point, and school is often where theseconnections are made – whether issues are covered in lessons,charity activities organized or passionate teachers have championeddevelopment issues." (IBT: 2010: 1). According to Stephen (1999,p.25), education can result in a positive effect towards attitudes ofchildren about the World countries. Intolerance and ignorance cantake a variety of forms. Respect for diversity and respect forempathy, as well as negotiation and cooperation skills, aresignificant to prevent discrimination and prejudice that still existsin our societies.
Globalcitizenship is majorly focused with outlining why globalization is acontributing factor to quality education, and it puts emphasis oninternationalization. Putting into consideration the key aims ofinternationalization makes the learning of learners the majorconcern. Furthermore, it encourages learners to take intoconsideration their duties to world and community around them,society, and other learning institutions. Many authors argue that auniversity that does not provide learners with an opportunity toreflect on their rights and responsibilities on this globe may bedeemed a failure. A strong institution should be committed to servethe society and enrich the institution itself, this confirms itsapplicability and contributions to the society and community (OxfamGB, 2014, p. 1). There are various similarities and relationshipsbetween individuals in the whole world, not only in terms ofindividual aspiration and needs, but also concerning trade andcommunications. There are various examples of global citizenship inthe United Kingdom and across the globe. Therefore, individuals aresupposed to do good for their world.
Teachingapproaches used to enhance Global Citizenship has a positive effecton learners and can improve their standards (Oxfam GB, 2014, p.1).For instance, active methods of learning like drama and simulationsand inquiries are very significant in promoting learning. Theprinciples, activities and ideas in schools improve educationalstandards and pupils` personal development, values, and attitudes.
Itis also pertinent and exciting for children and gives learning ameaning. It is clear that children can find Global Citizenship veryrelevant and exciting (Oxfam GB, 2014, p.1). For instance, a surveycarried out by Think Global in 2008 that three quarters of young hada feeling that it was significant that schools assist students inunderstanding things that individuals can do to improve the world.Global citizenship can also lead to the development of a conceptualand practical relationship. The commonalities between what takesplace at home most of the time become visible. The features thathuman beings share are equal against the disparities that are soobvious (Oxfam GB, 2014, p. 1). On a practical level, globalcitizenship offers a concept that result in bridges between the workof multicultural education and internationalization. Although theseattempts may have varied trajectories and histories, they are alsosignificant objectives of intercultural competence and culturalempathy.
Globalcitizenship enhances education. A world of global citizens can onlybe created if education is a priority. It can be executed in schoolsby engaging all the stakeholders` parents, board of governors,teaching and non-teaching staff (Oxfam GB, 2014, p.1). Globalcitizenship is based on several principles in schools for instance,the significance of developing a sense of self-esteem and identity,attaching value to students and dealing with the issue of inequalitywithin and outside the classroom, recognizing the significance ofrelevant attitudes, social and personal education, and values, thedesire to learn from others experiences around the globe, and itshould be pertinent to the needs and concern of young people. Itshould also aim at supporting learner`s motivation to bring aboutchange. Learners are in a position to bring about positive changethrough informing learners on how they come up with informeddecisions through a critical assessment of option they are accessibleto and probable effects of their choices (Oxfam GB., 2014, p.1).
3.3Disadvantages of Global Citizenship
GlobalCitizenship can result in cultural problems. Globalization andculture deem to be in conflict. Critics of global citizenship arguethat it will hinder the age-old cultures which have been religiouslyadhered to all over the globe. There are some countries in the globethat would not be in agreement when it comes to compromising cultureand religion. Global citizens may move from one country to the other,and they come along different cultures. It holds that individuals aresupposed to understand various cultures and respect diversity (OxfamGB., 2014, p.1). A global citizen that is not ready and willing tounderstand and respect other people`s culture will create culturalproblems. Additionally, global citizenship can contribute to erosionof cultures as individuals migrate to other countries and experiencedifferent types of cultures.
Itcan also result in economic problems. If the whole world becomes aglobal village, any type of economic interruption in one country willhave adverse negative effects in other areas that have a closerelationship in terms of trade and commerce (Delanty, 2000, p. 25).As earlier explained, global citizenship sees to it that individualsthink globally to make the entire world a better place. For instance,if global citizens make a decision to cause terror attacks in onecountry, it will also have a negative effect on other nations thatare closely related. It can interfere with the way of doing businessbecause investors may not be willing to carry on with trade andcommerce because of security purposes.
GlobalCitizenship can result in the spread of diseases. Movement of peoplefrom one nation to the other can lead to spread of diseases makingpeople to be more susceptible to health related issues. There areseveral examples in history whereby the outbreak of a disease in onecountry, and before it was realized it had already spread to otherparts of the globe (Delanty, 2000, p. 24).
Globalcitizenship can result in closure of private workshops and smallbusinesses. This is because individuals are able to sell theircommodities all over the globe and cover a large part of consumermarkets. This may create a monopoly in the market contributing tounemployment for most people. Big companies continue operatingespecially those from developed countries while small business may gobankrupt. In this manner, global citizens may destroy the economy oftheir own countries without realizing that it is taking place.Therefore in a globalized economy, developed countries will continuedeveloping while the developing countries will continue to beunderdeveloped. Additionally, approximately 80% of polled have afeeling that Global Citizenship will not improve individual`s way oflife and reduce slavery and poverty in Third World countries. Whenthey were asked if they feel their consumer rights are interferedwith, their response was yes (Delanty, 2000, p. 23).
4.0How Global citizenship unifies the World
Inorder to unify the world, global citizens are supposed to think ininternational terms and be patriots to their own nations. Individualsare supposed to be good citizens in their own countries first, andthis can be done through carrying out activities that aim at savingthe environment and natural resources, and have respect for thecompatriots.
Inthe first place, there should be change in behaviors, perceptions andopinions. This can be achieved through doing some voluntary work thatcan assist in gaining important skills. Additionally, individuals canshare knowledge with every individual around them. This is becausethe action of every single person counts. As Margaret Mead puts it"Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committedcitizens can change the world. Indeed it is the only thing that everhas." (Dower, 2003, p.13).
Furthermore,individuals are supposed to be accountable for their own actions andbehaviors, following justice and having respect for the lawirrespective of who they are. Issues like diversity of human races,religion, languages, and nationalities should not bar individualsthat are willing to relate with others globally because, in the worldof international citizens, there is no room for discrimination.
Aglobal citizen should be informed of global history, culturaltraditions, and religion. This can enable one to understand thecurrent global relationships and conflicts. Where possible, a globalcitizen should know and understand things that are taking placeacross the globe. A global citizen should have interest in allcountries and people in the world, no matter where they are located.He should also try to understand, learn and travel. This is verysignificant because when different people from different countriesmeet, they will be in a position to share ideas that can result inunifying the world. The first step that one should undertake inunifying the world is understanding the world.
Asindividuals start to view the world as a complex and large system, asignificant realization is most likely to take place. The realizationthat even though human being are a driving force being the majorityof the social and environmental problems, they also have thecapability to cooperate and this can be of great significance incoming up with a nonlinear transformation in supporting internationalsustainability. The collaborative power of global citizens can besaid to be significant to social transformations because they have aperception that entails both responsibilities and rights (Heater(2002, p.17). They are most likely to be consistent with theobjectives of the large number of the population, value and respectdiversity, and they are most likely to be committed to reflectionbefore taking any action. Through the increase of collaborative powerof global citizens, communities and individuals enhance their abilityof interrelating with one another, not to persuade them of what isright, but motivate them to attain something bigger than what theywould presently imagine being capable of. For global citizens, anincrease in collective and individual`s collaborative power may bethe most effective way to come with the required responses that canhelp in unifying the world.
Globalcitizenship has the power to transform the world. A global citizen`smovement can significantly catalyze social transformation to bringabout global sustainability, governance, and justice (Heater, 2002,p. 17). Such transformations are more than the technical responsesthat are presently required to consist of personal and politicaltransformations. Politics refers to the technique and theory ofinfluencing other individuals on a civic or personal level, and ithas a close relationship with the concept of power. Power isrecognized for playing a significant role in bringing about changes.
Itcan unify the world because it ensures that global citizens are in aposition to recognize their roles towards themselves and otherpeople. For instance, global warming is a world issue and globalcitizens can come together to assist in addressing the issues.Through this, the world is unified because individuals from differentcountries more so those affected by global warming can come togetherand implement policies that can help in dealing with the issue.
Globalcitizenship has become a global issue of debate. Several scholars andauthors have argued on the issue of global citizenship, and everyperson holds a different opinion. It is associated with variousadvantages for instance it enables individuals to have a positiveperception of the world, enables individuals to change things andmake their own decision, and it enhances education among others. Onthe other hand, global citizenship also has various disadvantages forinstance it leads to spread of diseases, and cultural and economicproblems. Lastly, global citizenship is very important because ithelps in unifying the world.
Doweret al. (2002). Global Citizenship: A Critical Reader. Edinburgh:Edinburgh University
Davies,A. & Reid (2005). Globalizing Citizenship Education? A Critiqueof `Global Education`
and`Citizenship Education`. British Journal of Educational Studies. 53(1).
Delanty,G. (2000). Citizenship in a Global Age: Society, Culture, Politics.London: Open
Heater,D. (2002). World Citizenship: Cosmopolitan Thinking and itsOpponents. London:
Nussbaum,M. (1997). Cultivating Humanity. Harvard University Press.
OxfamGB. (2014). Why Promote Global Citizenship | Oxfam Education.Retrieved 9 June 2014, fromhttp://www.oxfam.org.uk/education/global-citizenship/why-promote-global-citizenship.
Parekh,B. (2003). Cosmopolitanism and global citizenship. Review ofInternational Studies,