Health Care Database Systems

HealthCare Database Systems

Healthcare database systems play key roles in health care sectors forinstance, they facilitate an in-depth analysis of each systemsaffiliate hospitals as well as facilitate the finding of chiefindividuals at corporate level. They include number of hospitalsaffiliated, detailed list of fields included in the healthcare systemdatabase, and system contact information. Network, relational, andobject-oriented are good examples of architectures database usedwithin the healthcare sector.

Healthcare database systems

Healthcare database systems refer to structures that store all forms ofpatients’ information that is necessary for effective and safehealth care. They are of immense significance to both efficiency andsurvival of health care business. Database management systems aresoftware packages within these database systems.

Describehow databases are used across the health care industry

Databasetogether with smart cards play a key role in the management andsharing of information that concern laboratory tests, doctors,patients, and hospitals. It is possible for hospitals to have ashared database while at the same time protecting its users andclients. This eases the process of accessing any kind of a patient’information. Hospital servers are first configured in a way thatallows patients and staff to access them without much struggle. Theservers are then connected to, via internet, a server that iscentralized located. The central server, in turn, allows permissionto access information to be shared with other healthcare institutionsby any suggested database system. Management of data is enhanced byuse of electronic medical record (EMR) and electronic health record(EHR) and it play a significant role in insurance, billing, druginteraction, decease eruptions, and clinic trials. Database alsoimproves collection and exchange of ethnicity, self-reported, andlanguage data across the health care system. This, in turn, help getrid of some redundancy that is associated with the collection of theaforementioned data from enrollees and patients (Seltzer, 2008).Databases are also used to enhance and improve the clinical healthstatus of patients through the use of telemedicine. Telemedicine findnumerous applications in specialty departments, into the ongoingoperations of hospitals, as well as in home health agencies.Telemedicine also provide various services that include remotepatient monitoring, medical education, and consumer health andmedical information.

Explainthe different database architectures including the relationalarchitecture

Hierarchicalarchitecture

Thistype of architecture organizes data in a tree structure with ahierarchy of child and parent data segments. This structure showsthat there is a high likelihood of a record to have repeatinginformation as evidenced in the child data segments. It makes use ofparent child relationships to create links between various recordtypes.

Network

Thistype of database architecture allows modeling of many relationshipsin data. It contain a set that incorporates a member record type,owner record type, and a set name

Relational

Thistype of database architecture allows the definition of integrityconstraints, storage, data structures, and storage. Here, relationsand data are organized in tables. A table refers to a collection ofrecords these records contain the same fields. Relational databasestructures have many properties that include but not limited to eachrow is unique, each column has a unique name, and the sequence ofboth columns and rows is insignificant.

Object/relational

Thistype of database architecture adds extra storage capabilities to therelational architectures in order for them to be at par with themodern information systems. These extra capabilities play an immenserole in the management of complex objects, like time-series,traditional fielded data, and diverse binary media (Seltzer, 2008).

Object-oriented

Thistype of database architecture adds some database functionality aswell as persistent storage to various languages involved inprogramming. Unlike relational database, this type of architecturelack performance overhead necessary in the storage or retrieval of aweb or interrelated objects’ hierarchy (Stonebraker &amp Cattel,2011). It is highly applicable in the support of various applicationslike design and manufacturing systems, telecommunications serviceapplication, hospital patient record systems, and financial portfoliorisk analysis systems.

Applicationlogic

Presentation,storage, and processing logic are the chief components of applicationlogic. The presentation logic play an immense role data formattingand presentation on the screen of a user processing logic take careof data management, business rules, and data processing logic, whilestorage logic help a user to store and retrieve actual devices.

Associative

Thistype of database architecture divides real-world things about whichdata is to be recorded into entities and associations. Entities haveboth independence and discrete existence while associations rely ordepend on other things for their existence. It has two datastructures that include a set of links and a set of items.

Context

Thistype of architecture is considered as a collection of network,object-oriented, and semi structured architectures. A user can useany type of database structure on it since it is extremely flexible.

Describethe needs of database users across the health care continuum.

Healthcare professional with skills to design, develop, and maintaindatabases are need for effective adherence to goals of e-HIM (healthinformation management). Database users ensure timely and proper dataquality measurement that makes sure all patients access quality carewhenever they visit a health facility (Stonebraker et al., 2011). Itfurther facilitates payment reform and quality reporting initiativesthat help a health organization identify areas that need improvement.Database users also ensure proper governance of data governanceentails collection, owning, and use of specific data. Database usersalso ensure accuracy, reliability, and integrity of any healthinformation.

Conclusion

Indeed,healthcare database systems play an immense role in the healthcareindustry. For instance, they ensure effective and proper managementas well as storage of patients’ information. Electronic medicalrecord (EMR) and electronic health record (EHR) help in propermanagement of the aforementioned patients’ information. Severalarchitectures databases are incorporated in the healthcare industryto organize and store data in a proper manner they include but notlimited to associative, context, and network architectures. Databaseusers facilitate the development, design, and maintenance of dataacross the healthcare continuum.

References

Seltzer,M. (2008). Beyond Relational Databases. Communicationsof the ACM,57(7), 52-58.

Stonebraker,M &amp Cattel, R. (2011). 10 Rules for Scalable Performance inSimple Operation Databases. Communicationsof the ACM,54 (6), 1-10.