INTERNSHIP REFLECTION 11
Internshipsare professional experiences that give students a chance to gainprofessional experience in their professional environment. This givesthem an opportunity to apply what they have been taught in actualclass lessons in the real world. Many people have part time jobsprior to college years, but only a few have the exposure toprofessional job experiences (Dougherty et al., 2009). Internshipsacts act as first opportunity to experience how it is to work in anoffice, how to dress professionally and to apply skills related toone’s profession. During internships, one is expected to conducthimself in a manner that is ethically and morally accepted.Organizational behaviors refer to the manner in which an employeeconducts himself within the company and with the rest of thecolleagues. It is imperative to note the way people interact atworkplace, and this helps create a positive organizational change(WetFeet, 2012). In order to monitor the way an organizationfunctions, one must be able to identify the key organizationalbehavior. Motivation and behaviors are important indicators of aperson’s effectiveness in the organization. Individual’sbehaviors are shaped by factors such as gender, age and maritalstatus amongst others.
BehaviorsObserved During the Internship:
Typesof behaviors are categorized according to the way individuals behaveto various stimuli. The commonly experienced behavior by internshippeople in an organization include passive behaviors, aggressivebehaviors and out of control behaviors.
Thefirst behavior observed while in the internship is an aggressivebehavior. This is an interpersonal behavior whereby an individualstands for his own right thus violating the rights of others. Thisbehavior is mainly directed towards inferior members of the staffsuch as those on internship (Hencley, 2009). They are humiliated andare not given a chance to express their emotions or thoughts. Thisbehavior directly attacks the person rather than on their behaviors.This type of behavior is associated with shouting, bullying, showingoff, bossy and intimidating of colleagues on internship. Aggressivebehavior undercuts mutual respect and trust. Some staff members tryto avoid and oppose individuals with this type of behavior (Doughertyet al., 2009).
Thesecond type of behavior observed is passive. Students on internshipsare in most cases affected by this behavior that is linked with fearof not saying what they want, keeping anger, frequently apologizingand agreeing about issues that they actually that contrast theirconsent. Interns portraying this type of behavior seem to be shy andeasy going. They tend to agree with whatever the group members decidein order to avoid conflicts. They tend to ignore their thoughts andfeelings with an assumption that others are right. This leads to adisregard in their opinions (Hencley, 2009).
Assertiveis the third type of behavior observed during internships. Somestudents demonstrate their braveness, honesty and are clear onwhatever they want. This behavior enables an intern to act in his owninterest, stand out for his own without any undue anxiety andexercise their personal rights without denying the rights of others(Sawyer, 2008). Standing for their own means thatinterns can settheir own time and energy, respond to criticisms, defending andsupporting their decisions. This also entails setting their own goalsand achieving them. Being an assertive help boost the self-esteem aswell as earning respect from others. Further, it helps in stressmanagement particularly in situations where an intern has lots ofresponsibilities. Some interns are naturally assertive, but thoselacking learn how to be assertive (Prescott et al., 2012).
Connectionsof behaviors to theory:
Humanbeings are exceptional and also their behaviors are unique. In orderto understand human behaviors, there is a need to study scientificand theories and observations. Organizational behavior is the waypeople behave within an organization. Psychological theories try toexplain the reasons as to why people behave in specific ways (Hickset al., 2010). The combination of psychological theory andorganizational behavior summarizes the reasons why people behave in acertain manner at workplaces. These insights help managers createconducive environments for better performance. There are connectionsof psychological theories and organizational behaviors.
Tostart with, motivation in members of staff helps them maintain effortfor some specific period. Psychological theories attempt to explainemployees’ motivation through evaluating their needs. For instance,according to Maslow’s theory, the lowest need is the ones driving aperson’s behavior. Marching employees motivation with the company`sneeds help achieve goals (Sides et al., 2010).
Secondly,social exchange theory is a cooperative behavior that arises when anindividual expects some benefit (Sides et al., 2010). These theoriespredict that leaders can mobilize employees to support theorganization agendas if they are treated in a better way. Socialidentity theory is a feeling of a member of staff to belong to acertain group. The element of belonging to a group is a powerfulforce in any organization as people feel to favor those belonging totheir groups. This is a damaging situation particularly if the socialidentity discriminates those of a certain race or new employees(Hicks et al., 2010). Social identity can also create a sense ofoneness amongst the staff members giving a competitive edge.
Benefitsof internship and supervision:
Findingwork is considered as the biggest challenge especially to thoselacking experience, yet getting an experience one must find a job.This is considered a difficult situation to get around with, and aninternship is the best way to do it (WetFeet, 2012). It has beenproven that students with internship experiences are likely to beemployed after college as compared to those without experiences.
Anintern develops different objectives during internship. Academiclearning objective is the first objective that an intern develops.This assists in implementing class work to the work environment. Theother objective is professionalism (Chun et al., 2011). This ensuresthat one gains experience in a field of their learning. This helpsindividuals to develop careers in their fields of professionals.Lastly, personal learning objectives are essential for an intern.This ensures that an intern develops skills for personal gain. Forinstance, one can have a personal goal to overcome shyness. This canbe achieved through internships where one gets an opportunity to meetdifferent people in organizations. Internships give work experiencesto graduates and people with careers (La, 2013). Employers hireinterns with or without experiences particularly if the intern iswilling and able to accept little package or without monetarycompensation. However, benefits of an internship are way much beyondpayment.
Tobegin with, internships provide an opportunity to gain workexperience that one lacks in the classroom. Students seeking jobs forthe very first time are not usually potential candidates, butcompanies train them as interns and equip them with experiences thatthey require to get jobs (La, 2013). On the same point, internshipsalso give candidates an opportunity to decide if that is the bestcareer for them. Internships are usually on short term basis and thusthey are able to test their future career that will satisfy them.
Secondly,majority of employers concentrate on an intern’s work experiencethan the qualifications as internships helps them acquire workexperience needed to be employed (La, 2013). Employers prefercandidates with work experiences with many of the job markets, andthis makes one distinct from other job seekers. Further, internshipsplay a very important part in a person`s resume.
Theother importance of internships is that employers view interns asprospective members of staff and majority of interns who completetheir internships get employed on the same companies (La, 2013).Internships are the best way to find employees in many organizations.For instance, think of the long interview process, and then finallyyou are proven to be capable of working as an employee. The same wayan individual gives an organization a trial run, it is the same casethe company gives you (La, 2013). On the same point, Internshipsgives an intern an opportunity to work with professionals, and thiscreates a network that can be helpful in instances of job vacancies.Majority of companies recruit personnel on bases of internships. Theyalso help boost a person`s self-confidence and gives an individual anopportunity to experience life thus preparing you to become avaluable member of the society (Chun et al., 2011).
Moreover,intern provides an easy transmission to entering to workforce. Duringinternships, one is exposed to the working environment and what toexpect. Most of the people employed having previous experiences makeit easy for them to adapt quickly to their place of work (WetFeet,2012). Different studies conclude that employees with a wide range ofexperiences receive higher remuneration package as compared to thosehaving their first experience on the current job. This is becauseexperienced members of staff will not take long to adjust to theenvironment as compared to non interns hence most of the interns optto gain experiences first in order to get a higher paying job.
Internshiphosting is a wonderful experience for those involved. They bring newworkers in their system with fresh ideas. In a successful internship,the supervisor and the intern should understand the differencebetween an internship and job and they must work together to maximizethis opportunity (Prescott et al., 2012). The supervisor is mandatedto provide orientation, as well as supervise. An expertise supervisorshould be available on a regular basis on the areas that the internis working. Despite there being different supervisors in differentfields that the intern is working, it is important to have an overallsupervisor who oversees the general internship process (Chun et al.,2011).
Anintern supervisor should be someone having interest in working withgraduates and has time to invest in the internship processes anddemonstrate high qualities of leadership, patience and strongintercommunication skills. Internship is a learning process, andcontinuous supervision is important for the success of theinternship. The supervisor acts as a mental, teacher and a boss(Prescott et al., 2012).
Recommendationsfor future interns and professionals in the setting:
Themost important thing that an intern learns from an internship is anexperience. However, there are other important things that an internshould take with him for the future such as recommendations,connections and impressive content for the resume. An intern shoulddo a few things towards the end of his internship period (Prescottet al., 2012).To start with, it is important to say thank you to the people youhave been working with who have invested enormous time, resources andenergy in order to make your interview a success one. Gratitude goesalong way. A thank you note is important and can make theorganization change its mind to hiring you.
Thesecond important thing an intern should do is to update his resume inorder to secure a future internship, job or future educationadvancement. An updated resume is beneficial as u never know what ofthe job you will apply in the future. One can also be called forcareer advancement based on recommendations and experienced (Chunet al., 2011).
Further,it is important for an intern to connect to the new network.Connecting with colleagues is important because, by the time you aregraduating, this network might be of help. These colleagues may haveprogressed in their careers. Some could be managers, and when fillingpositions in their organizations, they might search through theirnetworks or post and one can be recommended for these positions.These networks are of great importance as one can never know who onthe network has passed through your resume and might as well consideryou in the future (Chunet al., 2011).
Internshipdocumentation is important because they play a big role in resumesupport. They act as proof of one`s performance. Employers seek toemploy people with good recommendations and hence they assist one inthe future when seeking job opportunities. Schools and collegessubmit evaluation forms to the institutions giving internshipopportunities as part of their evaluation on a student’sperformance (Prescott et al., 2012). They request on weekly reportsto ensure that students are progressing with their experiences.Further, learning institutions grade students performance using thereports sent to them by the intern supervisors. They are in mostcases used as a stepping stone to advance to the next education level(Shajahan, 2009). Recommendations from colleagues are an importantelement for all interns. This shows an intern`s ability to work inteam. It also portrays an image that one is getting along with hispeers in the right way.
Moreover,it is important to grab a recommendation. When an intern applies fora future interview or a job, one is requested to give references.Some of the colleagues might find it hard to speak about a candidatesprevious experience and hence the need for a recommendation letter.This is helpful and can be used when seeking for career growth. Inaddition, it is crucial to foster the relationships with otherinterns. Having colleagues from the same career interest is important(Prescottet al., 2012).
Asuccessful internship facilitates important aspects on an intern’spersonal, professional and civic development. Internship acts as anopportunity for emotional and intellectual development that isconsidered essential for an internship and also for an internregardless of their career (Shajahan, 2009). The capacity to thinkrationally, critically assess information and looking at issues indifferent perspectives are essential abilities. Interns are also in aposition to communicate clearly both in writing and orally.Consequently, the capacity to work as a group and solving problemshelps them at work, home and in the community. These abilities arecritical components in every profession. Internships give interns anopportunity to learn more about themselves. They are catalysts forgrowth and provide a chance to experience one’s potential throughwork under supervision of experts (Chun et al., 2011). Further,internships provide a chance to accomplish the work independently andthus testing their creative capabilities.
Researchshows that some interns are in internships with a primary reason toexplore career. For instance, some could be in sociology with an urgeto see how these disciplines are applied. To some studentsinternships are opportunities for their highly structured sets ofexperience so that they can apply what they have learned (Shajahan,2009). The other set of interns is in between the two positions. Themain purpose to all is taking the next step and to acquire moreskills, value of professionalism, attitudes and how well they will bewith personal strengths and interests. In addition, internships giveyou a chance to familiarize with world of work in a complete approachmore than they know. Internships introduce one to areas in which theyhave little or no profession despite having full time jobspreviously.
Internshipsare considered as opportunities for career development. Theyemphasize on academic learning because this exposes one to learningin a particular discipline. This is the best opportunity offered tointerns to put to trial what they have been learning in class. Theother importance of internships is civic development (Shajahan,2009). This refers to the development of both professional andpersonal knowledge and skills. It can help you develop skills thatwill enable one to become a valuable member in the society regardlessof the discipline specialized. One can participate in beneficialcommunity activities and thus becoming a productive member of thesociety. During internships a person learns certain values pertainingcritical thinking and decision making (Shajahan, 2009). Somedecisions are made as a result of exposure to certain circumstances.
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