Issues counselors must be aware of when counseling a client with trauma

Issuescounselors must be aware of when counseling a client with trauma

Issuescounselors must be aware of when counseling a client with trauma

Tragediesthat have rocked different places in the world usually leave peoplewith traumatic experiences. Research has shown that abuse, civilwars, terrorist attacks, natural disasters and domestic violence arethe most widely recognized causes of trauma (Alexander, 2012).Counselors are tasked with the responsibility of ensuring that theywork with traumatized people and ensure that they are able to putsuch experiences behind them and move on with their lives. This paperwill look at the key somatic, behavioral, psychological, neurologicaland cognitive issues that counselors should be aware whenever theyare dealing with trauma patients.

Acounselor should take note of lack of appetite, lack of sleep,unexplained pains and any sexual dysfunction in the case of adults(Alexander, 2012). Counselors should also take note of any cognitiveissues which include serious memory lapses, symptoms associated withADHD, lack of concentration and indecisiveness. It is also essentialthat counselors are able to take note of any emotional issues thatusually affect trauma patients. They include panic attacks,withdrawal (keeping to oneself), depression, resentment, anxiety,compulsive behaviors and general emotional numbness (Levers, 2012).Other issues that counselors should take note of include flashbacks(recalling the traumatic event), intrusive thoughts, amnesia,avoiding situations similar to the traumatic event, guilt feelingsand unprovoked anger.

Theabove issues will help counselors in helping patients with trauma.The symptoms will help a counselor determine the best approach to beused when dealing with a particular trauma patient (Cherry &ampErford, 2014). After taking note of any of the above issues thecounselor should embark on treating the trauma patient (Levers,2012).


Alexander,J. C. (2012). Trauma:a social theory.Cambridge, UK: Polity.

Cherry,L. R., &amp Erford, B. T. (2014). Crisisintervention and prevention.Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson..

Levers,L. L. (2012). Traumacounseling theories and Interventions.New York: Springer Pub..