Utopiaand dystopia concepts are some of the most discussed topics ofimaginary societies in the history of philosophy. They represent asociety in which people live in a perfect society where there arelaws that necessitates happiness for all, or an oppressive societycontrolled by the state. The concepts and thoughts of utopia anddystopia can be traced back to the times of great Greek philosopher,Plato in 380BC. In his political dialogue, ‘Republic’, Platointroduced the main theses of utopia where is thought of a perfectGreek society providing a stable life for all individuals(Plato,Republic nd). Utopia and dystopia concepts can be described asthe “histories of the present” (Gordin et al, nd). It is athrough experiment in which philosophers and intellectuals try todesign the future of the society which is perfect. Philosophers haveargued that projecting a better society in the future is essential indealing with modern day problems. Since the concept of utopia wasintroduced in modern literature by Thomas More in the early 16thcentury, it has been a relevant topic in philosophical thoughts andliterature. Additionally, there are numerous scholarly writingsinterrogating the concepts and genre of utopia. Dystopia on the otherhand is a relatively new philosophical concept that emerged in thetwentieth century. Although it has had significant impacts on fictionphilosophy science, it has thrived in political fiction as well.Although some scholars have viewed dystopia as the opposite ofutopia, this is not true. This is because the “opposite of utopiawould be a society that is either completely unplanned or is plannedto be deliberately terrifying and awful”. This does not describedystopia. Dystopia is “utopia that has gone wrong”. It is alsoutopia that is confined within a specific segment of the society(Gordin et al, nd).
Gordin,Md, Tilley, H. & Prakash, G. (nd). Beyond Space and Time.