The lawenforcement constitutes one of the apparatuses of the criminaljustice structure, and although the apparatuses function semi-freely,they form a sequence leading from inquiry to organization of criminalpenalties collectively. As such, the law enforcement agenciesfunction principally over government police agencies, and include,
Federal law agencies: These agencies hold full federal ability or authority under the U.S. States Codes and enforce numerous laws and regulations at the federal level i.e. they hold countrywide prerogative for enforcement of laws throughout America, for example, DHS (Department of Homeland Security) and DOJ (Department of Justice), which comprises of FBI, DEA, and BOP among others.
State law: These agencies function statewide and provide law and regulations administration duties at state levels i.e. state patrols and inquiries (Walker and Katz 16) e.g. Highway Patrol and Rangers Division.
County agencies: Provided by sheriff or county police and administer law and order at county levels i.e. provide security to unincorporated or incorporated areas e.g. County Sheriff’s Department.
Metropolitan departments: These departments cover a wide variety of dominion over communities, city, or municipalities and provide efficiency by centralizing command i.e. provide full police services to local cities e.g. NYPD (New York Police Department).
Community policing chief emphasis is the effort to encompass thecommunity as a dynamic collaborator in tackling felonious problemsthroughout the society (Kuhns, Maguire and Cox 429). The tactic setsout to disengage the rational of personal units entailing the police,and the community.
A community policing for Manhattan, Kansas will involve communitymembers, police, business owners, government agencies, serviceproviders, media, and other agencies. The strategy aims to deter drugabuse and delinquent violent behaviors that have become recurrent andchallenging in the community. The method will entail managementthrough decision making, implementation of polices, planning,organizational evaluations and transparency. Organizational structureand composition with organized personnel will ensure its success i.e.20 units composed of 20 households each with a head, supervisor,implementer, and analyst. Twenty-units will form one team with achief, information systems, and security department. Problem solvingwill encompass scanning, analysis, reaction, evaluation, and usercrime triangles. Every unit will have different programs such asneighborhood watch programs to share and convey information anddevelop plans for scanning and reporting crimes. The units will alsohave community meetings to identify, analyze, and prioritizeproblems. For the specified team, the strategy will entail storefrontministrations with volunteers, paid civilians, and police officers torelay information and give presence of officers. Teams will also haveweed and seed initiatives for coordination, participation, andcollaboration. Further, units and teams will have education programsto garner support, provide information, and teach people how toresist drugs and violence.
The method, in its place, seeks to make a self-contained joint powercompleted by both the police and community populaces working as adistinct unit to depress or stop a crime. The approach has a footingin the premise that officers nearer to communities inspire pronouncedsociety relationships for crime aversion and pre-emption (Kuhns,Maguire and Cox 432 Walker and Katz 16). The program will offergreat advantage to the community since officers in the program willprimarily focus on community encounters rather than 911 calls. Inaddition, the strategy will enable people and officers to engageproductively in crime pre-emption and hindrance, and identificationof areas of weaknesses in felony prevention and security of people.
Kuhns, Joseph B., Edward R. Maguire, and Stephen M. Cox."Public-safety concerns among law enforcement agencies insuburban and rural America." Police Quarterly 10.4(2007): 429-454.
Walker, Samuel, and Charles M. Katz. Police in America.McGraw-Hill, 2012.