Leadershipin Human Service Organizations
Leadershipinvolves giving a clear direction to the either the employees in anorganization or group of people with common goals. Leadership is akey component to the degree of success in an organization. Leadershipin organizations influences the perspective of the group of peoplebeing led, towards work and to a greater extent their devotion to theachievement of set goals. Good leadership yields exemplaryperformance in the various organizations while poor leadershipnormally leads to collapse of organizations (Maxwell, 2013). Thisapplies to both profit making and nonprofit making organizations. Theleader in an organization normally helps set up the vision of theorganization as it is envisioned in the organization’s plans. Theyensure that the laid out plans are followed for the achievement ofoptimum results .The leader helps keep the vision on course to avoidloss of direction in the organization from the set goals.
Overthe time discussions have been held to determine what really makes agood leader. To a greater extent people tend to agree to certain keyvalues as the foundation for good leadership as enumerated below.Honesty is one of the values that are held as important for aneffective leader. Honesty from the leader has a trickledown effect onthe group of people being led (Maxwell, 2013) .They are able tofollow suit of the leader by being honest in all their dealings inthe workplace and also while out. Consequently, efficiency level israised and good reputation earned by the organization. Secondly,successful leaders have the ability to delegate. They allow theirjuniors to do some of the work who in turn feel appreciated and alsoraise their level of competence. As a result, an organization is ableto obtain better results in the long run. In addition, the manager isable to identify the key strengths of the members in the group hencesetting up for promotions based on merit that as a results leads toharmony in an organization.
Inaddition to that, having proper communication is also important toeffective leadership (Adair, 2013). This ensures all the members ofthe group are well informed of the progress and direction the firm istaking in the both the short run as well as in the long run. As aresult the group of people being led is able to act accordingly tothe benefit of the organizations raising the stake for theachievement of the set goals. Proper communication is also importantfor the training of new members in the organization. Throughcommunication members are trained on how to employ new methods inwork which lead to increase in efficiency. Positive attitude in theleader is also important in the achievement of the organization`sgoals. It sets the tone that the members in the group embark on theirduties. It is helps in giving them the morale to work hard and seethe reality in the set goals of the organizations. Positive attitudealso assist the followers of the leader to overcome challenges in thecourse of their duties. Finally creativity is important in a leaderso as to make their organization remain competitive throughinnovation in the style of doing things.
Varioustheories have been brought forward in order to explain the leadershipconcept key among them is trait theory (Leatherman, 2008). Thetheory aims at explain the personalities of people who have beenknown to be effective leaders across decades. It examines theirsalient features. It examines the talent, skill and physicalityfeature of the best known leaders. In turn, this can be employed toidentify potential in upcoming leaders in society. The initiators ofthe model argue that it is possible to possible to predict a futureleader and mentor them. However, the theory is too subjective andbased on value judgments. Additionally there is the situationaltheory. It proposes that future leaders are molded out of situationsfaced by them during their lifetime. It encourages followers’development in the various levels for effective leadership. Thefollowers are encourages to master the styles of their leader to besuccessful (Purnick, 2010). The level of success is also determinedby time and cost constraints in addition to the preference shown bythe senior leaders to the leader leading a group. Furthermore, thepeers also play a role in influencing the leader style.
Inaddition, the behavior theory has also been brought forward to arguethat a leader is made through a series of motive that easily shown bytheir various preferences. The leaders hunger for results is alwaysvery high and they demand full control of the systems in organization(Maxwell, 2013) .To be able to exercise the full authority over theirfollowers in their organizations. Moreover, there is also thebureaucratic leadership style the leader demand s following ofcertain procedure by the followers as influenced by their culture ofleadership. The leadership style is effective in universities banksand government organization to reduce incidences of mismanagement .itknown to cause anxiety and emotions to leaders whom exercise themethod due to the fear of the unknown. The leadership styles in thevarious organizations are more or less the same since the desiredresults all add up to efficiency both in the profit makingorganizations as well as nonprofit making organizations.
Aneffective leader is one that gives a clear sense of direction in anorganization they inspire their followers to achieve the set goals(Maxwell, 2013). They inspire through motivational talk to juniorswhich makes them feel appreciated in the course of their duties.Furthermore, an effective leader is able to instill a sense ofdirection in organization that leads to the achievement of variousset goals. The effective leaders led by front by walking the talkensuring they exactly do as expected of their followers in theirteam. They also embrace team work for the achievement of the setgoals .an ideal example being a team leader in a school team who mustco ordinate all team members to achieve the set out goals. Theeffective leaders also encourage efficient flow of communication toensure that there is unity in direction among the followers. Asresult the common vision is maintained across the course of duty.
RubensBloomberg is an ideal example of a leader whose leadership style hasbeen successful. He was born in 1942.he is self actualized businessperson, politician and has also been involved in philanthropic worksacross the world. He was laid off from working for an investmentsbank and using the severance package awarded he set up his ownbusiness umpire dealing with of importance business .information. Thestartup has gone on to among the world leading owners of terminals(Purnick, 2010). Additionally, he has opened as successful newsoutlet that has been competing comparatively well with other outletsfor commercial finances. He is an ideal example of a leader given thevarious achievements he has accomplished over the course of his life.Before year 2012 he had terminals across the world to the tune ofover 300,000.He has been ranked among the world leading wealthypersons with a fortune placing him among the top in the world.Moreover, he has demonstrated most of the leadership characteristicsas enumerated in the various theories of leadership he has shownexcellent management skills and also a spirit to always win. He isknown to be decisive and communicates regularly with his variousstakeholders to meet their demands. Furthermore he has alwaysdisplayed taking bold ideas in order to achieve organizational goalsthat have been set. The ideal example being his well managedentrepreneurial business. He is known to always take a stand .Anideal example being the ban on then large soda. However, he has notbeen seen contradicting the leadership theories since he has grownshowing those skills over his career life.
Additionallyhe has been involved in philanthropic works to assist those who areprivileged in the society. Furthermore, he has served as the New Yorkcity`s mayors over a period of three quick succession periods. He hasalso largely been successful due to his art of shrewdness in life(Purnick, 2010). He was able to win the mayoral political seat byemploying a set of strategies to recapture the seat on variousdifferent party tickets. Additionally, the application of his learnedskills enabled Bloomberg to successfully manage his business umpirethat has had tremendous growth across the years. As a result he hasreceived various awards for his philanthropic works among other lifeachievements .However, various criticisms have been leveled againsthim including the controversy on limit extension to serve as the newYork mayor .Additional the launch of investigation of any moneyimpropriety by him through monetary contributions to IndependentParty that were later to Republican supporter Haggerty junior. He hasbeen able to exemplify the qualities of a good leader as enumeratedin various theories of leader. He has possessed the salient featuresof a good leader throughout the course of his leadership. He has alsoembraced social diversity through his philanthropic works across theworld to benefit all. Segregation based on race ethnic group orpolitical affiliation has been exercised in the distribution ofrelief resources. Additionally, due to his openness he made New Yorka better place and strong financially. He supports marriage equalityamong all persons irrespective of sexual orientation gender or race.He is well known for supporting all persons irrespective of theirstatus an ideal example being when he addressed the HarvardUniversity graduates he advocated for equal treatment of persons oftheir irrespective of status. He has show strong ethical skills allover his career by being inclusive of all people in his leadership.
However,he has been criticized by a group of citizens for his stern stand ongun control. He advocates that gun handling should be highlyrestricted to prevent senseless killings in New York City. Thoseopposed to him claim that their security is at risk if gun handlingrights are taken away. However, his concerns seem rational to manyconsidering the series of killing in the various states .Moreover, hehas was accused of comparing the teachers union with the NRA.Following the incident he was heavily criticized by more than fiftypoliticians and the teachers union too. The comparison of teacherswith the rifle holders association seemed harsh to teachersconsidering the high number of students killed by gun holdersrecklessly. However, he defended himself claiming it was only fair tocompare the two since they had taken a common stand on various commonissues. The criticism to him was quite unfair considering the twogroups had taken the stand on a common issue at hand.
Leadershiptraits in a person develop when nurtured (Maxwell, 2013). As astudent my leadership capacity has been improved through attendingvarious forums that leadership qualities are inculcated. As a studentmy capacity to lead is highly dependent on the level of supportreceived from the teachers and the guardians. They help instill thenecessary skill and condition one to be a leader. As a student I havea high potential to be good leader. However, this dependent on thelevel of support received from various quarters .Among the keychallenges to being a good leader is the absence of proper mentorshipprograms to the students. Additionally, the absence of clear cutopportunities to exercise leadership qualities act as a hindrance toproper leadership qualities development in an individual. However, itis important for all the leaders to make sure that, ethical practicesare upheld in leadership. Justice to all parties should also act askey feature in their styles of leadership by being free and fair toall parties. Ethnical diversity must also be embraced to avoid racialsegregation and any forms of discrimination to all parties thehighlighted three qualities are values I would press on as a leader(Adair, 2013).
Finally,it is important to note that the success of an organization dependson effectiveness of the leader and how they articulate the keypoints. Additionally it is crucial noting that, leaders are nurturedby the society that gives them the conducive environment, and as aresult, the degree of success in organizations is highly dependent onthe style of leadership.
Adair,J. E. (2013). Developyour leadership skills.Retrieved from https//:lib.nu.edu.sa/uploads/m1/22.pdf
Leatherman,D. (2008). Qualityleadership skills: Standards of leadership behavior.Amherst, Mass: HRD Press.
Maxwell,J. C. (2007). The21 indispensable qualities of a leader: Becoming the person otherswill want to follow.Nashville, Tenn: Nelson,Thomas, Inc.
Purnick,Joyce. (2010). MikeBloomberg: Money, Power, Politics.Public Affairs