LOCAL HEALTHCARE DELIVERY 4
Healthservices are the personal and non-personal services dealing withtreatment and diagnosis of diseases and the general restoration ofhealth (Bodenheimer & Grumbach, 2012). These services are visiblefunctions of a health system to the general public and users.Improving access and quality of services is determined by theavailability of resources such as money, equipment, staff and drugs.Bates & Rexford, 2012 argue that the community and primary careare essential in delivering healthcare services.
Localhealthcare has been developed to provide services as close to home aspossible. In delivering local healthcare, the key themes observedinclude improving access to local healthcare, supporting people withprolonged conditions and improving care for the old people in thesociety (Oleske, 2009). In strengthening local healthcare services,there is a need to enhance the integration between social andhealthcare and establish a locality network that will enable decisionmaking about development of services.
Themain objective of healthcare services is to protect and improveindividual`s health. There are a number of key components associatedwith this objective. To start with, patient safety should be assured,and patients should not be harmed by health services intended toimprove their health (Bates & Rexford, 2012). Effective systemsshould be employed to prevent medical errors from affecting thepatient. Secondly, effectiveness and timeliness are essential inhealth care services. Effective care is, as a result, of scientificevidence that after treatment, the desired outcome will be achievedwhile timeliness means meeting the patient`s needs on time.Furthermore, health systems should ensure equality in thedistribution of health care services (Oleske, 2009).
Thereare varying factors that influence the health of an individual theyinclude sex, age and heredity. Choices also affect the healthalthough they are mostly influenced by people`s experiences,environment and cultures (Oleske, 2009). In addition, social andeconomic factors such as education and income have a direct link onan individual`s health. The society structure is another keydeterminant on one`s health. This influences health throughdistribution of resources and public goods. Social support andnetworking help protect against health conditions (Bodenheimer&Grumbach, 2012).
Bates,L., & Rexford, E. (2012). Does regionalization of local publichealth services influence public spending levels and allocativeefficiency?
Bodenheimer,T., & Grumbach, K. (2012). Understandinghealth policy: A clinical approach.Norwalk, Conn: Appleton & Lange.
Oleske,D. (2009). Epidemiologyand the delivery of health care services: Methods and applications.New York: Springer.