Politicalscienceowesits allegianceto thefoundingfather,Niccolo . Hewasa controversialphilosopher,historianandhumanist.Asitissaid,Literature cannot be divorcedfrom politics usedliteratureto propagatehis politicalschoolof thoughtafter beingretiredfrom theserviceof public.There is an argumentwith thepropositionthatmanis not an independentbeing.Hestatesthat,fortheexistenceofa humanbeing,naturehas placedmuchemphasison theinfluencefrom outside one thinking.Thisisemphasizedin theworkof writingwherebyitissaidanyaspectof life,be itreligion,fashion,politicsorliteraturebearits allegianceto theoutsideforces.Thispropositionoutlinesthevaluesthattheauthorregardedas moralandgoodforthesociety.

Itis evidentthata manwasborna freebeingbutlateradoptstheslaveryformthrough his ownthinking.There is a closerrelationshipbetween a person’sbehaviorsandtheenvironmenttheyare individual’snormcannot beacceptedby a groupof peoplesurroundinghim ifitis not acceptablefrom their wayof approval.Logically,one should not be boundall thetimesby theopiniongivenby thepublic(2007). Moreover,whatthesocietyterms goodis onlygoodto theextentof approvalandnot from anyothermeasure.Itissaidliteratureis partof thesocietyandbelongsto thefourth-estatemembersithas a responsibilityin shapingthemorals of a givensociety.Theabovediscussionclearlyoutlinesthejourneyto thestudyof thelifeandtimeof andtheschoolof thoughthedeveloped.

Theterm renaissance may be used to mean a rebirth or an awakening call( 2007). The historical period happened thousands of yearsago mainly in modern European states and later spread all over theworld. In Europe, it marked the rebirth of the culture of Greeks andRomans who were residing in Italy and outskirts of England. It was aperiod marked by great persons like Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo. Proponents of the renaissance attribute the modernadvancement in the field of politics to this period of renaissance( 2007). Scholars from Middle East opposed the concept ofrenaissance as a source of political and economic empowerment. Theyclaimed that an advancement in the two fields were not attributableto the renaissance period.

Therise of the an school of thought dominated the entireperiod of renaissance ( 2007). Women were anotherbeneficially of the renaissance period as they got empowered. Therewere some places where women faced great opposition in patronage andcould not be allowed to handle money. Women valued the work of artand embraced it fully in their lives and as a source of livelihoodfor their families. Architectural work was highly respected in theearly days of renaissance, and this led to the birth of thebeautifully designed places including churches ( 2007).Patrons could hire artisans to decorate the church and put theliturgical honorary items in their central position. There was alsothe development of modern literature as propagated by himself.

Aruler or king of any nation has the sole responsibility of carryingthe burden of the whole nation. This concept of collectiveresponsibility among any ruler calls for a sober mind and peace. Forthis to happen, several sacrifices have to be made by those in theposition of leadership. They have to forego their self-interest inthe course of advancing good leadership. Roles must be clearlydefined for the various groups in the society. For instance, duringthe period of , women had a contribution role in therenaissance ( 2007). There was a topic called womenpatronage that looked at all the aspects of women. Although, somepeople thought that women were not supposed to be educated and in theevent they received any education it was meant to benefit men. Tounderstand the an school of thought, it is important toobserve the place of women in the society. Women only got introducedto the education of how to behave like ladies and nothing much.

Anotherkey important thing in discussing the scope of anpreposition is the place where the events took place. The authorsurveys through many aspects in the society such as the spiritualaspect of patronages. Additionally, the book surveys through thevarious characteristics that a ruler should have in their capacity togovern. There is also the subject of education and its place in thesociety and the form of education ( 2007). Education asportrayed by the author was meant to benefit the human beings and notGod, and that is why it was referred to as Humanism (2007). apprehends this and exposes the flaws that arefound in the governance without thinking about the generalcongregation.

Asa rule one has the responsibility to account for the actions thatwill happen during their tenure ( 2007). To avoid a caseof being taunted, proposes for self-centered form ofgovernance. He advocates the importance of a ruler to be liberal intheir action, for he says liberality is the key to leadershipsuccess. However, he cautions the rulers from failure to exerciseactive democracy. The author proposes the need for a king to be seenas greedy at the expense of promoting humanity to his subject. Theauthor expounds on the consequences that befalls one who fails toheed to the call of the people he is governing.

Aleader may be born or made as it is expounded in the anschool of thought. The theorem also encompasses the trouble thatfaces a king in the period of ruling his dynasty ( 2007).Sharp contrast appears in the way events are arranged and presentedby the author in the book. For instance, the author talks about beinggreedy as a ruler at the expense of glory in the end with acomparison of the life that follows such a ruler. The consequencesthat befall a liberal king are respite from the many people hetortured, and solace can only be found in the hearts of the few thathe favored. Moreover, the author lists down various great people whoapplied liberality in their lives and succeeded. He talks about therise of Pope Julius the second and the king of Spain. In a nutshell,therefore, the ruler must possess to some extent the trait of beingmean but should not extort his subjects ( 2007).

ChapterXVII of the book opens with the theme of instilling fear among thefollowers in the practice of good governance. The author expounds onthe topic of clemency and the beneficial effects it has to the king’ssubjects ( 2007). It is argued that the king shouldpractice the true values of a brave leader. He should not take anyproperty of his subjects not because he is not in a position ratherbecause of conserving the spirit of good governance. Caution isissued to the rulers not to misuse the trait of clemency in theirruling ( 2007). Emphasis of this principle is furthered bythe example of Cesare Borgia, who despite being termed as cruel bymany brought about reconciliation and unification of Romagna. Thisillustration helps the prince to understand that, they ought not tobe loved by their subject in their ruling. There is also theprinciple of friendship and the pace it has in leadership. A princeshould only have genuine friends as friends who are gained throughpower will always turn away during moments of crisis. However,humanity should be the guiding principle ( 2007).

Thematicanalysis and importance of having faith to a prince is expounded inchapter XVIII. The author’s argument is based on the importance ofpossessing integrity but with a limit of being baptized the man ofcloak. Great emphasis is, however, placed on the extent to which onewill practice and observe faith ( 2007). A prince shouldalways display the true values of faithfulness, nobleness andsobriety in the eyes of his subjects. A caution is issued on thebehavioral of a prince in the presence of his subjects. It is arguedthat a prince should possess both the quality of a lion and that of afox in relation to his allegiance to his dynasty and its success. Theillustration is given of the Alexander the sixth that deceived manymen. A prince should always have the capacity to manipulate the wayof thinking of his subject in order to succeed in running the dynastyand avoid cases of being termed as hostile and faithless (2007).

Fameand power are two inseparable traits in the life of a ruler. ChapterXXI of the Prince expounds on the concept of leadership with fame andhow to achieve it ( 2007). The author gives anillustration of the king of Spain and the tactics he used to conquerhis rivals. A ruler should be innovative in their way of governing. Aruler must avoid any form of fear in their attack and conquest oftheir rivals. A good tactic of conquering enemies that the authoradvocates are that of taking a neutral position in case yourneighbors have a quarrel ( 2007). This will act as ashield in the eventual period however, he contrasts it with theproposition of taking arms and joining the fight. A prince shouldensure a state of peace and harmony dominates his reign in thedynasty. This will make him famous, and remarkable history will bewritten concerning his leadership qualities.


Anexposition on the book clearly shows the gaps that the author leftunfilled. The effect of the renaissance towards the development ofthe main themes should be expounded. There should be a clearguideline on to what extent the society is to blame for the socialinjustices by the rulers. Success of renaissance period should alsobe portrayed as a period of economic empowerment and not just aperiod for torture by kings. The relevance of the course liesentirely in the change of the mindset and also the perception towardsthe role of a leader in the society Emphasizes should be beendirected towards other empowerments such as the architectural art andwomen patronage that also happened during the ’s period. school of thought has a great impact in the lives of boththe rulers and their followers as it expounds the various facets oflife of the two groups.


,N., &amp Marriott, W. K. (2007). Theprince.Rockville, Md: Arc Manor Publishers.