Neo-classismrefers to the revived interest in the classical ideas and forms thatsaturated the American and European intellectual thought, politicsand fine arts in the 18thand 19thcenturies (Abadinsky, 2012). As the definition shows, there werevaried areas in which neo-classism was expressed. is,essentially, a modification of the classical theory where it isconceded that there are varied factors that would affect or inhibitthe capacity of an individual to exercise free will. This introducesthe varied areas of neoclassism.

Oneof the key areas of neoclassism is age. The neoclassical theoryunderlines the notion that the age of an individual determines his orher capacity to exercise free will. Indeed, an individual who is tooyoung may not even have the capacity to internalize any informationpresented and, therefore, make free choices (Bietoletti, 2009). Thisis also the case for people at advanced ages, as they may havedegenerated intellectual capacities that prohibit them from makingdecisions.

Thisis also the case for insanity and retardation, which is the secondarea of neoclassism. The basic definition of mental retardation orinsanity underlines the notion that an individual has sub-averageintellectual capacity, which is accompanied by considerable deficitsin his or her capabilities (Bietoletti, 2009). This means that theactions of an individual would not be emanating from or based on freewill.

Thethird area of neoclassism explaining criminal behavior is previouscriminal record. It is a well-known fact that in instances where acrime is committed in a particular region, law enforcement agenciesoften circle around individuals with previous criminal records withinthe area. This is because such individuals have higher propensitiesfor repeating the same crimes (Bietoletti, 2009).


Abadinsky,H. (2012). Probationand parole: Theory and practice(11th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Bietoletti,S (2009). Neoclassicismand Romanticism.New York: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc