OFFENSES AGAINST THE PUBLIC ORDER 4
OFFENSESAGAINST THE PUBLIC ORDER
ThePublic Order Offenses
Publicorder offenses refer to actions done by individuals that deviate fromthe normative ideals of the society as espoused through social moralsand behaviors. Such crimes are considered public order offencebecause they are unacceptable in the society and cause harm to thepublic peace by disrupting community’s daily life activities(Siegel, 2006). These crimes involve such felonies and misdemeanoracts as prostitutions, alcoholism, pornography, drug abuse,paraphilia among others (Maguire et al. 1999). Other cases of publicoffences involve victimless vices and consensual crimes among others.
Crimesagainst the government refers to any acts of omission of duty thatresults in social harm and are punishable in accordance to statutorylaws such crimes involve, treason, bribery, obstruction of justice,contempt of court, perjury, espionage, terrorism and sedation(Schmalleger& Dolatowski, 2010).Treason is a criminal offence that involves acts aimed atdestabilizing the government or the country’s President. Sedationcrime refers to hatred or violence incitement against the head ofstate or the government. Terrorism refers to the commission of actsaimed at instilling fear, violence, alarm and coercion to thegovernment. Crimes against the state are complex and often involve anetwork of individuals (Siegel, 2006).
Whilesome crimes are minor offense usually involving the local courtswithin the state, other crimes are complex and involves otherinternational actors to facilitate the apprehension of the offendersi.e. terrorism. Crimes against governments such as treason, seditionand terrorism are considered as worst crimes because of their closerelationship and complexity(Schmalleger & Dolatowski, 2010).However, crimes such as treason are convicted to citizens only whileoffences such as terrorism, espionage, enemy combatant and cyberterrorism convict any person regardless of nationality (Siegel,2006). Terrorism is the most feared crime against governments in thecontemporary modern society. There exist narrow definition as to whois a terrorist and who is not. Understanding the tactics, objectives,tools and approaches of terrorism is an essential element in thefight against terrorism (Maguire et al. 1999).
Maguire,Brenan & Radosh, Polly F. (1999). ‘Introductionto Criminology.’Belmont, CA: West Wadsworth.
Schmalleger,F., Hall, D. E. & Dolatowski, J. J. (2010). ‘Criminal law today(4th Ed.).’ Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Learning.
Siegel,Larry J. (2006). ‘Criminology:Theories, Patterns, & Typologies,’9th edition. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing.