One-child policy in China  

ONE-CHILD POLICY 4

One-childpolicy in China&nbsp&nbsp

&nbsp&nbsp Author

June15, 2014.

One-childpolicy in China&nbsp&nbsp

Theone-child policy in China is a fallacy whose effectiveness does notadequately address the social, economic and environmental concerns.Although the policy is touted to have had a positive effect in regardto economic development in China by reducing population growth, thepolicy created other social and economic problems (Taylor,2005).The current fertility rate in China’s stands at 1.61 births perwoman according to recent population study conducted in 2009, this isa worrying trend to the country’s future productivity.

Socialpressure is on the rise due to abandoned children which have forcedthe government to build state-sponsored orphanages. The future of thepolicy will economically take toll on the young generation the onlychild in the family will shoulder the burden of taking care of twoparents, as well as their own family (Taylor,2005).Similarly, the government needs to set aside retirement funds for thesenior citizens to avert social and economic breakdown. Malthusobserved that, a nations population increases geometrically whileavailable food resources would increase arithmetically the higherthe population growth, the higher the rate of diminishing foodresources (Dolan,2000).

Ratherthan the forced policy programs to check on population, Malthusopined that, population would only be checked through ‘naturalmeans’ such as self-restraints, catastrophes, delayed marriages andothers. As such, political and economic interference in checkingpopulation was not morally right as natural forces of high populationand less food resources would reduce the population to a sustainablelevel. Assessing the draconian one-child policy as a means ofchecking population, one can assertively say that it was effective inchecking population albeit contrary to Malthus assumptions ofchecking population. However, less draconian policy would still havebeen ineffective as per Malthus theory population growth would stillhave been high(Dolan, 2000).

References

Dolan,Brian (2000). Malthus,medicine &amp morality: Malthusianism after 1798.Rodopi. ISBN&nbsp978-90-420-0851-9.&nbsp

Taylor,John (2005). ‘China&nbsp–One-Child Policy.’Australian Broadcasting Corporation.Retrieved 2014-07-15.