Abortion should be illegal: Provides the thesis statement of the paper that, abortion is an illegal practice.
Background: Provides an overview of the topic of abortion and the reason why the topic is an important aspect of debate of the modern society. Further explains why this paper takes a stand that leads to the thesis of the paper.
Main Argument: Discusses the five main points why abortion should be an illegal practice. The paper discuses the points that
Abortionis the termination of life that starts at birth, abortion is equal tomurder, abortion is not pro-life and that abortion goes againstbiological responsibility of pregnancy.
Counter-arguments: Provides arguments for abortion and explains why they are wrong in relation to the thesis statement, that abortion should be illegal.
Conclusion: Takes a concluding overview of the arguments, counter arguments and holds the thesis statement, a true statement, that abortion is illegal.
Abortionshould be Illegal Debate
Thediscussion in this paper illustrates that abortion is an illegalpractice. Despite being a controversial debate on moral, legal andreligious grounds, abortion is illegal.
Theethical position on abortion is a debated topic that touches thebasics of moral, legal and religious aspects that need universalattention. It is a topic that affects every person in the world sincepregnancy is a universal issue that is associated with abortion. Thistopic is controversial because it involves the big decision ofwhether giving birth or not, in situations when life needs to begiven a chance. The debate has divided the world across the twosides, those who support abortion and those who oppose the practice.Therefore, engaging in the topic is important for everyone so as toexplore and take a stand on the issue.
Abortionis illegal because it ends a life of a growing human being that hasnot been born. This is because of the argument that life starts atconception and not at birth. Many proponents of abortion hold thatlife starts at birth therefore, abortion does not interfere with thelife of a human being, but that of a fetus (Finer 114). However, lifestarts at conception because it can be proved biologically that afetus has all the aspects of life. Because life starts at conception,the growing fetus is a living being therefore, abortion is illegal.In a rational view, abortion is equal to killing a living humanbeing, who starts living after conception.
Inaddition, abortion is a practice of killing, just like any other actof murder. The fact that life starts at conception means that anyprocedure that interferes with the process should only be natural.However, abortion is not a natural process instead, it is anartificial and a pre-meditated act. The fact that it ispre-meditated, against the laws and moral values that discourage itmakes the procedure an act of crime. It is not a happening like theaccidental miscarriage that happens naturally. Instead, abortion isillegal because it is a deliberate, and a well-thought action ofkilling a life that leads to the end of a pregnancy (Bordeau 8).
Moreimportantly, abortion is not pro-life it is a pro-choice act. Thismeans that it denies another person the chance to live. Just likemurder ends the life of a person and cuts him or her from doing thenormal things of a human being, abortion ends the life of a fetus. Inthe perspective of a right to live, no human being should terminatethe life of another human being, willingly or unwillingly (Levine10).In addition, abortion should not be legalized because it is thetermination of the life of a growing fetus that was not given achance to live.
Moreover,abortion is against religious believers and practices that supportthe value of life. Bordeau (11) argues that many religions value lifeand condemn death, which is a universal human practice and moralvalue. Therefore, these religions support the birth of a child as ablessing, and the killing of a person as an evil. This is becauselife is precious to all people, no matter the religious differences.Since abortion kills a child, even before birth, it is a seriousoffense of killing a flawless life. Therefore, the procedure ofabortion or induced miscarriage should not be legalized.
Finally,abortion is against the biological essence of conceiving a pregnancythat will end up in termination. The primary reason for engaging insexual practices is to give birth after maintaining a pregnancy fornine months. However, abortion becomes the procedure that terminatesa process that was made biologically within the confines of thenatural expectations of giving birth (Finer 116). The fact that ahuman being is brought forth by another human being through sexualityand pregnancy, means that pregnancy should be respected as a naturalprocess. Therefore, giving birth should be the end result ofpregnancy, and not abortion.
Thecounterargument to this thesis holds that abortion is a good practicethat should be made legal. They argue that abortion should belegalized because it gives a woman the alternative of giving birth ornot. Abortion gives a woman the alternative of not retaining thepregnancy if she does not have the ability to support the child(Haney 36). This presents the argument that there is always analternative to preserving life by not letting the unborn child lives.However, the opponents hold a wrong stand on the practice, becauselife has no alternatives. According to ethics, life is designed to belived and everyone has a right to live, with no threat of anotherperson ending the life of another.
Accordingto the proponents of abortion, the practice is legal and moralbecause women have a choice to prefer giving birth or not. Theirargument is based on the aspect of pro-choice, as opposed topro-life. According to those who believe in pro-choice, a mother hasthe right to choose between the option of giving birth and the optionof aborting (Finer 112). However, this perception is wrong because itthe right of killing an unborn child is against the right of thechild to live. The choice of the mother is against the unborn baby’schance of making a choice, whether to live or to die. Therefore,pro-choice argument is actually a non-choice stand against life.
Proponentsof abortion further argue that abortion should be legalized becauseit allows doctors to save the life of a mother when she is endangeredby the pregnancy (Shroyer 12). They further argue that abortionshould be legalized because it avoids giving birth of babies thatcannot be supported. They argue that abortion is an alternative formothers who cannot take care of children due to inability, poverty orlow age. However, there is no act that can justify death. Abortionwill remain an act of deliberately and intentionally terminating thelife of an innocent and defenseless fetus.
Byexploring the arguments against abortion, this essay established thatthe practice involves a criminal act of killing an innocent humanbeing. It is an intentional and pre-meditated murder of an unbornchild by denying him or her at the choice for life. Abortion isfurther against religious values as well as moral stands ofprotecting life. It is wrong to hold a pro-choice stand that isagainst the choice of another person to live. This is becauseabortion involves making a decision of death for a being that cannotdecide for him or herself. It is clear that abortion is an act ofkilling a person, especially, an innocent being that has not beengiven the chance to live. Therefore, abortion is illegal.
Bordeau,Stephane. Abortion:TheLegal Truth, the Religious Truth, the Philosophical Truth(Moral/Ethical).Bloomington:AuthorHouse, 2008.Print
Finer,Lawrence et al. "Reasons U.S. Women Have Abortions: Quantitativeand Qualitative Perspectives." Perspectiveson Sexual and Reproductive Health 37(3): 110–118, 2008, Print
Haney,Johannah. The Abortion Debate:Understanding the Issues. NewJersey: Enslow Publishers, Inc., 2008. Print
Levine,Phillip. Sex and Consequences: Abortion, Public Policy, and theEconomics of Fertility. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007
Shroyer,Stephen. Abortion: the Legal,Medical, and Bioethical Perspectives. WallTownship,
NJ:Stephen John Shroyer, 2010. Print