Povertyrefers to the condition or state of having little or no food,shelter, money, or means of support. Pandrey, Sinha, & Parkash(2013) findings indicate that about 14 percent of Americans live inpoverty
Causes of poverty in AmericaDruguseSomepeople spend most of their time abusing drugs hence, they are unableto carry out activities that can help them earn an income. In fact,drug addict spend huge amounts of money in buying drugs and in otherleisure activities associated with drug abuse. Drug abuse is mostprevalent among individuals living in the lower class since it iseasy to obtain various forms of drugs in their environment (Pandreyet al., 2013). As a result, most people belonging to the lower classend up living below the poverty level. Indeed, use of drugs can drivea family into poverty or homelessness. PooreconomyPoorand dwindling economy increases the number of individuals losingtheir jobs in America. It also forces companies to cut down theirlabor force or even close their businesses completely. Othercompanies have chosen to hire foreign workers at much lower pay.Hence, many workers are left without any form of employment thus,most of these workers languish in poverty and they can hardly sustaintheir families.MedicalexpensesSuddenillnesses force individuals to stay for long period of time inhospitals, purchase expensive drugs, or cater for expensivetreatments. This forces such individuals and their families to spendhuge amounts of money in clearing hospitals bills and purchasingdrugs (Pandrey et al., 2013). These bills have a high likelihood ofbring an individual from low or middle class straight into poverty.Lackof educationManyindividuals in America, especially those from the lower class, canhardly afford to pay college fees. Hence, they find it hard to securea decent job since a high school diploma can hardly help somebodyqualify for certain jobs. As a result, these individuals are forcedto take low paying jobs that have little or no benefits. Therefore,they are forced to sustain both their needs and those of theirfamilies with the little salary that they earn. Consequently, theseindividuals are driven into poverty in a gradual manner.ViolenceViolencein families, like elder and child abuse have a high likelihood ofcausing poverty. Middle class families experience lower levels ofstress than poor families. Violence bring along families break upthat may force some members of such families, who have no job, tostruggle to earn a living or end up in living in poverty.List of peer-reviewed articleson poverty in AmericaBudge,Kathleen. 2006. Rural Leaders, Rural Places: Problem, Privilege, andPossibility.Journal of Research in Rural Education,21(13), 45-78.Erwin,C.P. (2008). : How Public Health Practice Can Makea Difference.AmJ Public Health,98(9),1570–1572.Doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2007.127787.Greene,C.W. (2011). Contentmentin Poverty. TheNorth American Review,214 (792), 648-654. Hetling,A & Postmus,J. (2014).Financial Literacy and Economic Empowerment of Survivors of IntimatePartner Violence: Examining the Differences between Public AssistanceRecipients and Nonrecipients,Journal of Poverty,3 (45),130-149.Martin,K.D &Hill, R.P. (2012). LifeSatisfaction, Self-Determination, and Consumption Adequacy at theBottom of the Pyramid. Journalof Consumer Research,38(6), 1155-1168. Munsterberg,E. (2006). TheProblem of Poverty. AmericanJournal of Sociology,10(3), 335-353.RollS & EastJ.(2014). Financially Vulnerable Families and the Child Care CliffEffect. Journalof Financial Poverty,18 (2), 169-187.
Pandrey,J., Sinha, Y., Parkash, A. (2013). Right-Left Political Ideologiesand Attribution of the Causes of Poverty. Journalof Social Psychology,12, 327-331.