Primary Document Evaluation Assignment


Author’s name

The video reflects the events which occurred in the location wherethe author tells the story from in October 1066. It is the story of abattle between a few thousand men, which changed the course ofhistory. The war had its background on the death of childless KingEdward. The succession battle that followed saw Harold being declaredthe king against the will of William (Malam, 2007). The authordescribe the war by the English, which they fought using axes andshields. The war between the Normans and the English men started ataround 9 in the morning. According to the eye witness, the warstarted when the Normans charged uphill and confronted the Englishmen. There were numerous people injured and the dead. The eyewitnessdescribed the armament of the King Harold’s men as extremely firmto the extent that the dead soldier could not fall. The war was adecisive victory for the Normans who were led by Duke William II.

There was a rumor which went around during the war that William haddied amongst the Normans. This led to the dispersion of the Normans.Interestingly, William had not died. The English had also scatteredwhen trying to pursue the disintegrated army of the Normans (Davis,2009). When Norman shouted that he had not died and that through thegrace of God they would concur the English, the Normans gathered andattacked the English who had started to go down the hill after someof the Normans (Harvey &amp Harvey, 2009).

Although the English block was extremely difficult to break, theNormans were able to break through at the point of the fake death ofWilliam. They charged in into the English and attacked themfuriously. The confusion and the intensity of the war attracted thebishops, whom according to the eye witness were forbidden fromshedding blood. Such bishop was the brother of William who joined thewar. The bishops could not use sharp objects but only blunt objectsto avoid shedding blood. The entire mountain where the war took placewas full of blood.

The death of King Harold was a major turning moment in the war.According to the eye witness, the king was short with an arrow at theeye. The king’s body was extremely mutilated and injured thatidentifying it was a challenge. However, the body was eventuallyrecognized by the king’s mistress by the name Edith (MacIlwain &ampParker, 2009). It is argued that the mistress identified the body ofthe king through some secret marks, which were only known to her. Thedeath of the king was a major victory for the Normans. They weretotally defeated by the Normans. The hill was described as beingfilled with the filth of the England youth wet with their own blood.

According to the eye witness in the video, the king of the Normans,King William, refused to bury the bodies of the English men who diedin the war. The bodies were left to rot on the ground for day. Thealter, which stands in the hill to date was built on the spot whereHarold died (Morillo, 2006). William was not remorseful for hisaction and he was later to be called William the conqueror. He waslater to match to London and become the king of England. It was clearthat he future kingship of England belonged to the Normans.


BBC. (2014). The Battle of Hastings 1066 – The Normans – BBC Two.Retrieved from:

Davis, B. J. (2009). Conquering England: The Battle of Hastings.Mankato, Minn: Capstone Press.

Harvey, W. H., &amp Harvey, W. H. (2009). The Battle of Hastings:The Fall of Anglo-Saxon England. London: Atlantic Books Ltd.

MacIlwain, J., &amp Parker, M. S. J. (2009). William theConqueror and the Battle of Hastings. Andover: Pitkin.

Malam, J. (2007). The Battle of Hastings. Slough: Cherrytree.

Morillo, S. (2006). The Battle of Hastings: Sources andinterpretations. Woodbridge: Boydell Press.