Probation,advantages and disadvantages
Insome cases, the judge may sentence an offender to probation or paroleinstead in incarceration in a correction facility. The probation canbe administered at the state or county level. The offender is putunder the supervision of a probation officer where he or she isexpected to strictly follow the terms and conditions of theprobation. There are several advantages and disadvantages ofprobation at both state and county level. The modern correctionalfacilities are overwhelmed by the high number of inmate. This has ahuge impact on the budgetary allocation from the national and statesgovernment. Compared to incarcerating an individual, it is cheaperfor the county or state to keep an individual on probation. The costeffectiveness is one of the major advantages of parole and probation.Since the individual is allowed to live within the society,rehabilitation of the offender is faster and effective. Compared toinmates being released from prisons and jails, individual onprobation are able to integrate back to the society and live a normallife (Abadinsky, 2012). Additionally, during probation, the societyplays an important role in the rehabilitation of the offender,compared to the likelihood of being hardened in jails and prisons. Onthe other hand, the main disadvantages of probation are the fact thatit ignores the security of the society and the victims concerns. Someoffenders are dangerous to the community and therefore pose asecurity risk if they are out of prisons. Retribution is consideredan important aspect of criminal justice. By letting a criminal free,some victims may feel that the criminals are not paying for theoffences (Dean, 2002).
Abadinsky,H. (2012). Probationand parole: Theory and practice(11th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Dean,J. C. (2002). Probation,parole, and community corrections,Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall.