Coursetitle and code
Juvenilecrime has increased over time, and the gravity of crimes has alsoworsened. Juveniles were previously convicted for crimes such asburglary, robbery and possession of stolen items or contraband.Lately, the crimes have increased and worsened with juveniles beingconvicted for crimes such as murder, robbery with violence.
Accordingto Brummer (2001), the rise in criminal convictions has prompted somestates such as Minnesota to formulate laws that allow for thetransfer of cases from Juvenile courts to adult courts. Thejustification of the transfer, however, is based on the severity ofthe crime committed. There are crimes such as burglary ormisdemeanors do not require transfer to adult courts unless the courtis dealing with a serial offender. Juvenile delinquency, however,leads to the engagement of worse crimes such as drug peddling,robbery with violence or murder.
Authoritiesat the juvenile level pass minor judgments such as detention forjuvenile crimes which the serial juvenile offender may get used to.Griffin et al. (2000) opine that punishments at the juvenile levelare not severe enough to deter crime, hence it is important thatauthorities should transfer serial offenders’ cases and majorcrimes to adult courts for punishment. Adult court judgments areenough to deter juvenile delinquents from breaking the law. It isjustified for juvenile cases to be transferred to adult courts todeter juvenile delinquency.
Extendedjuvenile jurisdiction entails the ability of the juvenile court toaward judgment to juvenile cases that were previously transferred tothe adult court due to the age of the offender or severity of thecrime. Redding, Richard and Howell (2000) note that EJJ isadvantageous in tackling offenses because that state, with or withoutenough resources at the juvenile level inadequacy of juvenileprogram may transfer such cases as EJJ and pass the befittingjudgments. For instance, when a juvenile commits murder or robberywith violence, the juvenile program is not able to adequately providethe correctional procedures. Treated as EJJ, justice prevails.
EJJhowever, has disadvantages. The system may fail due to dispositionaloptions available at the court to pass the appropriate judgment for ajuvenile delinquent who is at an age period of 16 – 19 years ofage. Treating such cases as adult cases, especially in misdemeanorcrimes may not be fair to the offender.
Brummer,Chauncey E. "Extended juvenile jurisdiction: The best of bothworlds." Ark.L. Rev. 54(2001): 777.
Griffin,Patrick, Hunter Hurst, and Lynn Mackenzie. Juvenile criminalsanctions: Three states that changed the rules. Washington, DC: USDepartment of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of JuvenileJustice and Delinquency Prevention, 2000.
Redding,Richard E., and James C. Howell. "Blended sentencing in Americanjuvenile courts." The changing borders of juvenile justice:Transfer of adolescents to the criminal court (2000)