Progression of Personality

PROGRESSION OF PERSONALITY 11

Progressionof Personality

CherylStrickland

LibertyUniversity

Abstract

Humanbeings undergo several changes in their growth and interaction withpeople. Personality is the distinct characteristic that an individualperson has and is different from others. These characteristics varyfrom feelings, the way and manner of thinking as well as behavioraloutlook. Various factors affect the personality among them being theenvironment, culture, genetics and the arrangement of birth order.The process of personality development is a continuous aspectinvolving the learning concept and interaction with people. Humancharacteristic of being social best explains the concept ofpersonality development. The maturation process of an individualaffects their personality. Personality traits are affected by thehuman development cycle. For instance, an adolescent will depict amixture of personality traits among themselves. At the infant stagesof human development, a child will only have the personality from theenvironment and from those taking of them. However, as one grows upand gets to the adolescent stage, several notable changes happen inpersonality.TheBible is only recognized authoritative book with objectivity aspectin it. It is observable that man was created by God and givenemotions and other aspects of life. The way a man behaves religiouslyis influenced by the belief they have towards the Bible. A clearintegration of Bible and psychology is in the various moral teachingsof the Bible. For instance, the book of 1, Timothy chapter 4 andverses 1, explains the way man will divert from faith in theteachings of the Bible and that evil spirit will take control. Thisis a clear indication that personality is an emotional factor.Morality and ethics are also taught in the Bible and they affect aperson’s personality trait.

Mantakes several stages in the development of their personality.Personality is the distinct characteristic that an individual personhas and is different from others. These characteristics vary fromfeelings, the way and manner of thinking, as well as a behavioraloutlook. Various factors affect the personality among them being theenvironment, culture, genetics and the arrangement of birth order.The process of personality development is a continuous aspectinvolving the learning concept and interaction with people (Whitehead&amp Kitzrow, 2010). Human characteristic of being social bestexplains the concept of personality development. For instance, theway a person behaves in an organization setting is different from theway they behave at other social functions. Also the kind of traininga person obtains greatly influences his personality development.Additionally, different professions call for different traits. Thedevelopment of personality in the life of an individual is a functionof many distinct factors all of which are geared towards theprogression of personality and this call for an in-depth analysis ofthe entire process of personality progression.

Foundationof PersonalityNatureversus nature

Anindividual’s characters are based on the environmental factors inhis habitat. In social cognitive theory, it is notable that a personhighly depends on the observations made in the local environment todevelop characters. Additionally, characters develop in relation tothe interaction with the various people (Barone, Hersen &amp Van,2012). There a higher chance of a person borrowing characters fromtheir friends. Another instance is the crowding effect which isusually the behavior of an individual when they are in a group ofpeople. Punishment and reinforcement are also two other factors thatcontribute to character of a person. A person is punished when theycommit a wrongful act. On the other hand, he is reinforced of all thepositive actions he commits.

Distinctchanges take place in the developmental cycle of an individual inrelation to his personality (Weiner, 2013). The maturation process ofan individual affects their personality. Personality characteristicsof an individual are affected by the cycle of development. Forinstance, an adolescent will depict a mixture of personality traitsamong themselves (Whitehead &amp Kitzrow, 2010). At the infantstages of human development, a child will only have the personalityfrom the environment and from those taking of them. However, as onegrows up and gets to the adolescent stage, several notable changeshappen in personality. Many scholars have termed adolescent as themost crucial stage in the development of personality. This isexplained by the behavioral changes that take place. However, thereis a consensus with the trends of personality observed duringmaturation (Barone, Hersen &amp Van, 2012).

Theunconscious

Studieshave shown that the actions committed by a person highly depend onthe hidden agenda from the unconscious part of the brain. A person’sdreams mostly happen without their awareness and may turn to be trueexperiences. There is also the desire to indulge in certainactivities as a result of the forces from this part of the brain.Scholars have highly researched on this area of personalityfoundation with an aim of getting answers to the life mysteries.Sigmund Freud is the person behind the theory of unconscious(Mikulincer &amp Shaver, 2010). The theory proposes that any actionby an individual person is not as a mistake but rather a deliberateaction from within that person. Freud discussed the influences of thechildhood setup to the personality of a person. He also suggestedthat every form action is supported by an internal factor operatingin the nervous system of an individual person.

Viewof self

Atadolescence, a person portrays several behavioral changes that areuseful in the study of the personality development. Proponents ofhuman development study have pointed out the importance of adolescentstage of a person (Weiner, 2013). Several changes happen to the bodyand behavior of an adolescent. The stage marks the transition betweenchildhood and adulthood where the body starts to develop and grow.Many scholars have found it difficult to define this term however,some have defined it in a psychological perspective (Whitehead &ampKitzrow, 2010). For instance, one can define it as a period full ofmixed capabilities and responsibilities where the childish behaviorchanges to adult behavior. Much of the behaviors an individual picksat this stage are reflected later in their lives (Campbell &ampMiller, 2011).

Progressionof personalityDevelopment

Personalitydevelopment process has many influencing factors. In order tounderstand the whole concept of personality, an individual issupposed to analyze the basic traits found in people (Weiner, 2013).For instance, the way one look at their dress code is different fromwhat others will see. This explains, therefore, that personality isdependent on the external environment of an individual. Anotherimportant factor to consider in the study of personality is theculture that an individual is conditioned within. The culture ofLatin America is different from that of Europe, and thus personsgrowing up in those two locations will portray differentpersonalities.

Educationhas contributed highly to the lifestyle of the various peopleworldwide. A higher rate of education penetration amongst thepopulation means a better standard of living. Various researches haveshowed that those students who participate in sports are not onlygood in sports, but also in their studies and have admirablepersonalities (Whitehead &amp Kitzrow, 2010). There linkage betweenthe level of education and personality traits a person possess.

Theinteraction of a teacher and the students mainly influence thebehavioral change. Students learn several things from their teachersthan at home. Many are theories that have been advanced to explainthe concept of personality and its development. Biologists indicatethat the personality is affected by the genetic composition of anindividual. They propose that every person has a distinct form ofgenes which affect their personality development (Weiner, 2013). Anexample is put forward of personality traits that are affected by thegenetic modification of an individual. These include happiness,facial expressions, temperament. The theory is supported by the studyof identical twins who are reared in different environments(Mikulincer &amp Shaver, 2010).

Motivation

Otherproponents of personality theory are the behavioral psychologists.These theorists argue from an environmental point of view. The keyperson in the development of this theory was B F Skinner who arguedthat an individual is more likely to be productive in the event ofrewards (Whitehead &amp Kitzrow, 2010). His work was recorded in theexperimental explanation of the relationship between stimulus andresponse. He also argued that an individual is compliant to the formof reinforcement they receive, and this affects their personality.Skinner also proposed the concept of environmental change to changethe personality of an individual.

Motivationis an aspect a person depicts from within himself. It is normallyaffected by the different values that the person has towards hislife. Motivation is a character factor by its own. A person willportray a social personality derived from the motivation of stayingwith people. Scholars have developed various studies in this area ofpersonality development especially at work places with the goal ofunderstanding employees at workplace (Barone, Hersen &amp Van,2012). Motivation will affect the performance of a given employee.

Thelast category and is the key to our study is the psychodynamic theorypropagated by Sigmund Freud. The theory proposes that any action byan individual person is not as a mistake but rather a deliberateaction from within that person. Freud discussed the influences of thechildhood setup to the personality of a person. He also suggestedthat every form action is supported by an internal factor operatingin the nervous system of an individual person. He gave the theory thename unconscious theory of personality. It has three components amongthem being ID, Ego and Superego (Mikulincer &amp Shaver, 2010).

ConceptualizingSigmund’s theory of personalityTheID, EGO, AND SUPEREGO

Freuddeveloped this theory of personality after observing people forseveral years. He collected data from the patients he was handling ashe was a neurologist. He propagates the theorem using simpleillustrations from the actions portrayed by different people atdifferent stages of their lives. He further described the humanpersonality from a systematic point of view, where he said that thedifferent behaviors portrayed by people are, as a result, of theforces compelling them. Another notable area of emphasis by Sigmundwas the place of instincts in the life of a person (Whitehead &ampKitzrow, 2010). It is from the illustrations and various observationsthat Freud developed the three concepts of his theory the ID, EGOand SUPEREGO.

TheId is the place where the biological urges of an individual personare held. It is also a place where instincts that make a person cravefor a specific thing are found. According Freud, when a child is bornhe relies on this concept for survival and adaptability (Mikulincer &ampShaver, 2010). It is the id that makes a person feel hungry and lookfor food to satisfy the hunger. Freud argued that the concept isbased on short-term satisfaction to a person’s desires. He goesfurther and uses an illustration of a student lying a colleague so asto win confidence (Butcher, 2009). This concept is paramount in thelife of students as it will nurture their socialization skills.However, teachers should guide the students to avoid the misuse ofthe concept.

Thesecond concept that Freud described in his theory is ego. This is anadvancement of the id concept which is based on the basic principleof reality. Freud argued that the infant will not be in a position toreason about the future (Rubin, Piele &amp Haridakis, 2010).However, due to the concept of ego, a person is able to plan for theunforeseen future. This concept is relevant in the life of studentsas it will help them to apply effort in their studies for a betterfuture. It is also this concept that makes life of students to bereal in the sense that they are able to detect the urgency of things.Students also benefit from this concept in their relationships witheach other.

Boththe id and ego lack some aspect of pure reality in them. It is fromthis limitation that Freud advanced his theory to cover the superegoconcept (Weiner, 2013). He argued that this concept is the foundationof principles in the life of a person. For instance, the life of astudent will only have meaning when they are able to plan andactualize those plans. This concept also promotes ethics as itdefines morality. The feelings of guilt are influenced by superegoconcept. In a nutshell ,therefore, a person must apply all the threeconcepts in their adaptability to the environment and in the processof personality development (Deaux &amp Snyder, 2012).

Psychographic,which is the study of an individual’s personality, interests,attitudes, opinions and lifestyle shows a correlation betweeneducational levels and personality of a person (Hoyle, 2013).Different individuals have different tastes in terms of purchasingpower. These tastes and preferences are affected by the lifestyle oneopts to live. Living in a new environment also affects the lifestyleand personality of an individual. For instance, a foreign studenttaking studies in a foreign nation will have a higher chance ofadopting the lifestyle of the communities of that nation (Weiner,2013).

Biblicalintegration

Bothpsychology and theology have an interaction in the way ofunderstanding the events in the life of a person. The Bible is onlythe recognized authoritative book with objectivity aspect in it(Weiner, 2013). It is observable that man was created by God andgiven emotions and other aspects of life. The way a man behavesreligiously is influenced by the belief he has towards the Bible. Aclear integration of Bible and psychology is in the various moralteachings of the Bible. For instance, the book of 1 Timothy, chapter4 and verses 1, explains the way man will divert from faith in theteachings of the Bible and that evil spirit will take control. Thisis a clear indication that personality is an emotional factor(Whitehead &amp Kitzrow, 2010). Morality and ethics are also taughtin the Bible, and they affect a person’s personality trait.

Conclusion

Thedevelopment of personality in the life of an individual is a functionof many distinct factors all of which are geared towards theprogression of personality and this call for an in-depth analysis ofthe entire process of personality progression. The contemplatedresearch expounds on Sigmund’s theory of personality and itseffects in the life of students. It is clear that a personal code ofethics influences the moral uprightness of a person. Ethics iscorrelated to the personality of an individual. The moral upbringingof children affects their future morality levels in the society(Hoyle, 2013). The upbringing also influences the personalitydepicted by an individual person. Both consequentiality andnon-consequentiality theories affect the decisions made by people. Inanalyzing the personality development of different groups of people,it is advisable to apply all the three areas of study behavioralperspective, biological perspective and also psychodynamicperspective. The soundness of a good moral is, as a result, of goodpersonal codes of ethics. Various factors affect the personalityamong them being the environment, culture, genetics and thearrangement of birth order. The process of personality development isa continuous aspect involving the learning concept and interactionwith people. Human characteristic of being social best explains theconcept of personality development. For instance, the way a personbehaves in an organization setting is different from the way theybehave at other social functions. Also, the kind of training a personobtains greatly influence their personality development.Additionally, different professions call for different traits.

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