PUB 508-FINAL EXAM-PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 5
Pub508-Final Exam-Public Administration
Pub508-Final Exam-Public Administration
Describethe importance of job analysis to the performance approval.
Itis necessary for a manager of the company to evaluate the job done bythe employees. Job analysis provides guiding information concerningthe workspace, training required, the needs of the individual worker,the training and education necessary, and effectiveness of the job.Most importantly, job evaluation will identify loopholes in thesequence of work in different stages and show if a certain employeereceives already finished jobs. Moreover, job description is whatinfluences the evaluation of the job analysis. This will tell if theemployee carries out his or her job duties effectively. Moreover, jobanalysis will indicate if the employee has the education or therequired training.
Jobanalysis serves to get ready sound human resource policies andpractice. Since Job analysis provides a deeper understanding of thebehavioral necessities of the occupation, it assumes an essentialpart in the resistance of occupation practices. Job analysis helps toprovide useful information for human resource planning. It is thebase for predicting demand for and supply of human resources in acompany. It is also necessary for preparing Human Resource inventoryand Human Resource information system in the company.
Jobanalysis provides the required information for conducting selectionand recruitment of workers in the company. Recruitment generates acollection of applicants who are determined to offer excellentservices in the business, whereas assortment chooses the bestapplicant out of the rest contenders who are supposed to perform wellin the company. As a result, the management can reward good workersaccordingly. The rewarded workers are motivated to work harder, andpositive spirit of competition is developed within the employees.
Anup-to-date account of job analysis information ensures proper focuson the necessity of training the employees. In addition, job analysisindicates the requirements needed for the company to develop. Throughcomparing ability and knowledge of existing workers with the expectedintensity of work result, the call for development and training canbe measured. In addition, job analysis provides needed informationfor managing employee’s compensation. It assists to grade the jobin order to make decisions on pay reviews. Therefore, it helps inpayment decisions.
Forinstance, as a manager, I would easily assess the issues faced in mycompany or members of staff through previewing the records profiledafter the Job analysis. This would help the management team toidentify what to implement. Hence, job analysis ensures a closer lookat the problem. For instance, if the information given by the jobanalysis indicates a problem with customer service, employees can beproper training that will help improve customer service.
Jobanalysis facilitates the performance appraisal of workers byproviding straightforward standards of performance for every job. Itevaluates each worker`s performance with the set standards. Moreover,job analysis provides relevant information concerning the tasks andresponsibilities of the office through job explanation statement.Additionally, it also offers the skill and content necessities ofeach task.
Duringjob analysis, certain dangerous operational and environmentalcircumstances or personal tendencies are noticed and thus, that maylead to improvement of safety. Likewise, job analysis gives necessaryinformation data that relates to the skill and content obligation ofjobs that assist to bring about developments in the coaxing plan ofjobs. Vocational leadership and therapy counseling are probablethrough a broad job specification and description statements.
Whatare some major differences between public sector and privatecollective bargaining?
Ingeneral, public workers have more benefits than private workers do.While private unions are motivated to keep their demands sensible(keeping in mind that they drive their businesses into liquidationand themselves into unemployment), public unions are in an alternateposition. Paying government agents more may mean higher expenses forcitizens, yet since it is hard for most individuals to shop at analternate government, there are minimal chances for public unions toscale back their requests.
Inthe public sector unions, the financing comes from the taxpayers. Thetaxpayers do not have a significant recognition by the unions. Theycan press on as hard as they desire, and the politicians that wereelected from the union support financially will push to get theunions wants. The Private Sector Unions realize that they cannot pushtoo hard otherwise they will put the companies out of business.
Forexample, Michigan law demands for all public employers, includinglocal school boards, allow their member of staff to create laborunions. It additionally obliges that public companies bargain in goodfaith with the workers` representatives from the unions. Many look atthis condition as corresponding to the bargaining that occurs betweenbusinesses and private sector unions like the United Auto Workers andGeneral Motors. However, there is a vital variation between privatesector and public sector (government) collective bargaining.
Themajor variation is consumer preference. In the private sector, if,for instance, fresh produce business market were to consult a unioncontract that specified cumbersome and expensive salary and workpolicy that drove up the price of their produce, consumers wouldprefer to shop at a different market with a better service and lowerprices. This rivalry forces the private sector labor unions to bereasonable in their demands or risk facing bankruptcy issues andlosing employment for their members.
Inpublic sector bargaining, which is the government, there are no suchforces of competition. On the off chance that the state of Michiganarranged an agreement with state workers that made excessive wagesand wasteful and bureaucratic work standards, Michigan citizens wouldhave no option supplier of state activities. Nationals are thereforecompelled to pay the cost through their duties, or else use theirdays campaigning public officials for change. This costly andtime-consuming process that is troublesome for most dedicatedresidents.
Differentfrom consumers in the private sector, taxpayers cannot vote by simply"vote with their feet" to choose a better service provider.Public sector unions thus encounter little pressure from the externalforces to make their demands reasonable. This is one reason thebenefits and salaries of government employees are often highercompared to those of employees working in comparable work in theprivate sector.
Theissue with public sector unions is they are dependably an imposingbusiness model. This is because they are a monopoly. They can go onstrike at whatever point they need and not pay for it. At the pointwhen a private union chooses to go on strike, they take a chance ofreinforcing their rivals and harming their business. In privatesegment, strike influences the economy while out in the open partstrike could be utilized as a political weapon.