Thecriminal judicial system sentences offenders to achieve four goals.First, the judicial system intends to punish offenders by sentencingthem. This is also referred to as retributive justice, which isoffered to show the revulsion of the public from the offense. Forexample, in Rv. Blake (1962),Georgen Blake was given a 40 years imprisonment, which was intendedto be punitive on the offender (Souper, 2008). I disagree with thispurpose because punishing offenders is not an effective way ofdeterring them from re-offending or protecting the society fromoffender’s dangerous actions.
Secondly,the criminal judicial system sentence offenders to protect thesociety from the harmful actions of the sentences offender. The mainfocus of the judicial system is to protect the members of the publicby preventing them from re-offending. For example, in the case Rv. Brewster(1980),Brewster was considered as professional criminal and locked asubstantial period in order to prevent him from harming the societyfurther (Souper, 2008).
Third,the criminal judicial system provides sentences with the objective ofenhancing the rehabilitation of the sentenced offenders. This isbased on the notion that sentences provide an opportunity tore-establish offenders and make them honorable and law abidingmembers of the society. In the case Vartzokasv. Zanker,it was established that sentencing addresses the underlying issues ofa given offense, which means that sentencing offenders is one way ofresolving issues that subjected them to the risk of committing agiven offense (Schmatt, 2014).
Mostimportantly, sentencing of offenders deters crime by preventing theactual and potential offenders from committing crime(Champion, Hartley & Rabe, 2012).For example, in the case Rv. Hussain (2005),a deterrent ruling was made to deter the perpetrators and potentialoffers from engaging in electoral fraud (Souper, 2008). This is themost important objective of sentencing that is done by the criminaljudicial system because it prevents the sentenced offender fromre-offending while considering them as examples to potentialoffenders.
Champion,D. Hartley, R. & Rabe, G. (2012). Criminalcourts: Structure, process, and issues (3rd ed.).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc
Schmatt,E. (2014). Purposesof sentencing.Sydney: Judicial Commission of New South Wales.
Souper,M. (2008). Principles of sentencing: The aims of sentencing. TheHunger Site.Retrieved July 21, 2014, fromhttp://sixthformlaw.info/01_modules/mod1/1_3_penal_system_1_principles/02_principles_aims_of_sentencing.htm