RACISM AS A GLOBAL ISSUE 16
Racismas a Global Issue
Summary: an overview of the contents of racism and the thesis statement being explored in the paper.
Introduction: Is an overview that defines racism and describes the behavior that entails the practice. Further explains the reason for taking a stand that racism is the main issue that affects globalization and human interaction.
Racism as a global issue: presents racism as an issue that concerns the global community as it affects human integration and global citizenship.
Impact of : Provides arguments that present the impacts racism in the global community.
Forms of racism that bar Global Citizenship: discusses the main forms of racism that affects and blocks the efforts of globalization and global citizenship.
The Positive impact of Racism: Provides the positive aspects that are associated with racism.
Position on Racism: takes a stand that racism has negative effects on the global issue of human coexistence and global citizenship. Also presents arguments for the solution of racism issue in the global perspective.
Conclusion: provides a concluding overview of the arguments that racism has negative effects on global citizenship and human interaction.
Racismis a global issue that affects globalization and human coexistence inthe world today. It is a an act of segregating people based on theirrace and ethnic origin, thereby denying human beings equalopportunities. This paper seeks to discuss racism as a global issueand present the results of the segregation act. Racism has a numberof negative consequences that not only affects the victims, but alsoprevents the realization of global citizenship and human coexistence.This paper seeks to explore the consequences of racism as well as theimpact of the results of the prejudice.
Racismtakes place in different forms depending on the country, continentand circumstances of interaction between people. Racism occurs as aneconomic act when it is practiced based on the distribution ofresources and economic opportunities. Racism also occurs in thepolitical arena by shaping the decisions of governments and states asfar as their social and political systems are concerned. In addition,racism also takes the form of extreme nationalism that leads toethnicity leading to further segregation. This paper seeks to explorethese forms of racism and how they affect global citizenship andhuman coexistence.
Despitehaving negative consequences, racism has been credited with inspiringchange in the racially segregated societies to seek freedom. As amotivating factor, racism has historically provided a uniting factorthat makes the world view the behavior as a reason why globalizationand human coexistence should be enhanced. This paper seeks to explorethese impacts of racism and the options that the world can take topromote globalization and human coexistence.
Racismis a belief and subsequent doctrine that people are different inaccordance with human races and that they should be treateddifferently with some races being superior to others. Racismincorporates both the aspects of believing, indoctrination andpractice of discrimination and prejudice. Racism occurs when a personprejudices or discriminates another person based on race. Racism is aglobal issue that requires global attention because it negativelyaffects integration and universal coexistence. As a global problem,racism has disturbed many governments, global organizations andsocial activities that are discriminated against. The discussion inthis paper will illustrate that racism is the main threat to globalcitizenship and human coexistence.
Racismas a global issue
Thebelief that people have different abilities based on race, coupledwith the preference of one some human race over others as the bestconsisted of racism. Despite having differences, human beings aredifferently formed and created, which makes human diversity apositive aspect of human life. However, racism takes an extremeperspective of mistreating, prejudicing and discriminating certainraces as inferior (Rich,2005).The negative treatment or opinion against races is what constitutesthe negative aspects of human differentiation. As a negative issue,racism is the practice that makes human differentiation a negative ada non-desirable aspect of humanity. Racism further leads toinequalities in the world, especially among the groups, races andcultures that are discriminated against by others that are deemed tobe superior.
Racismcreates an ideology in the world that leads to the development offear by those who are affected by racism. The fear is based on thefeeling of inferiority by the races that are discriminated against,due to their feeling that their perceived inferiority may be a fact.The feeling of being inferior takes toll on the affected races thatthey take the negative aspect of racism as a way of life, or thepermanent inequality (Hinrichsen,2012).While there is no race that is superior in reality, the practice ofracism creates fear that depicts certain races as inferior. The samefear creates other races as superior. In addition, the effects ofracism on the minds of people leads to a belief that human abilitiesare based on race and some races cannot do what others do.
Racismfuels the global hatred that is directed by different races onothers. Due to the belief of superiority, many racists hate peoplefrom other races as a way of stamping their racist practices. Forinstance, they do not share basic commodities and services that aremeant for human beings. For instance, in the 1960s, racism was solive in the United States that they had hated the black communitiesso much share basic social amenities (Hinrichsen,2012).Particularly, the haltered had spread to establish the infamous“white bathrooms” which was a phrase that describes theirdiscriminatory believe that blacks should not share bathrooms withwhites. Therefore, they labeled some bathrooms strictly for white,and blacks could visit the at the risk of death.
Onthe other hand, race-inspired hatred is directed by the perceivedinferior race towards the perceived superior race. Due to themistreatment and prejudice by the racists, the affected peopleretaliated with a much higher level hatred. The hatred is inspired bythe negatives that these people face from the racist communities. Inthis way, racism blocks the way towards the much desired humancoexistence and globalization. The hatred that is directed to certainraces and then redirected to the racist communities creates a riftbetween humanity. Therefore, racism creates a rift that graduallyblocks the efforts of global integration in social, political andeconomic arena.
Racismis a global aspect that leads to economic exploitation that exposesthe underlying principles of global discrimination. One of the majoreconomic exploitations that have roots in racism is slavery (Lewis,2006).It was an aspect that marked the historical industrialization period,and has an overflow into modernity in terms of perception. Back inhistorical times, Americans and Europeans discriminated against theAfrican race by viewing black Americans and black Europeans asinferior (Joe,2009).This history has led to the development of a global perception thatthe African race is inferior. This perception led to a worldwideexploitative culture that was the main driver of the slave trade andslavery (Lewis,2006).Black slaves were taken from the African continent and taken toAmerican farms to work without pay and in inhuman conditions.
Asa global issue, racism has created an extreme opinion on the economicexploitation of some races by others. The economic exploitationextended from the slavery period to the period of colonialism.According to Hinrichsen(2012), colonialism was inspired by the opinion that some races aresuperior to others. For instance, in the colonization of the Africancontinent, the treatment of Africans by the colonial whites wasinspired by racist motive. Hinrichsen(2012) arguesthat the colonial masters perceived the continent as an inferiorcontinent that only had economic endowments that were to be exploitedfor economic gains in Europe. This racist trend led to the decades ofeconomic exploitation that focused on giving the minority whites thebest out of Africa that was originally belonged to majority blacks.
Thereason why minority racists were able to dominate the majorityvictims is because of the fear that racism creates. As describedabove, this fear makes the victims of racist believe in their allegedinferiority to the racists. This defines racism, not just as apractice, but as an ideology (Bonilla,2003).It is a global ideology creates fear among the affected people, totake the racist minorities as masters. Taking the examples of slaveryand recent history of colonialism, many blacks were able to bedominated and ruled by minority whites because of the fear, and notnecessarily because of the military might (Hinrichsen,2012).While military might was a major factor, the only space thatdominated imperialism is the mental colonialism that the white racesare a superior race.
Theracist mental imperialism proves how racism is a dehumanizingpractice that makes a person an enemy of himself or herself. Themental belief that some races are superior, and that a person shouldsummit oneself to them shows how a person can get the inferioritycomplex driven by racism (Rich,2005).Globally, racism becomes the tool that creates a rift between peoplein different regions against each other and against a continent.Through racist opinions of inferiority and superiority, coexistencebetween human beings in the global arena is limited, thereby limitingthe efforts of globalization. Racism is therefore an aspect that doesnot just lead to a low opinion, but also inhuman treatment of acontinent.
Racismblocks Human Coexistence
Globalcitizenship is a positive aspect of life that is based on theexistence of differences in human race. Though human beings have thesame physical forms, their abilities are different based on theenvironments they live in. These differences include abilities,cultures, religions and economic orientations. Moreover, thedifferences in political systems, social systems, economic systemsand environmental setups are major aspects of human life that lead tosuch differences. However, these differences do not mean that somehuman races as superior or inferior (Bonilla,2003).The fact that some people live in regions with better endowment, doesnot mean that their race is superior to others. Similarly, the factthat some races live in regions with lower endowments does not meanthat these races are inferior.
Thebelief that people have different characteristics is whatnecessitates the positive aspects of global citizenship.Globalization is important for the human race since it bringsdifferent races from different regions into one global unit(Kriegman,2006).This is because human life is designed to require the input of otherpeople around a person. Therefore, at a global level, one race needsthe input of another race, just as one country or continent requiresthe input of another. However, racism threatens globalization byintroducing negatively skewed opinion about the differences. Themajor problem with racism is that it exploits the differences inhuman beings that are supposed to be the strengths that lead toglobalization and human integration (Bonilla,2003).
Racismaffects globalization in different aspects and through differentmethods. Similarly, racism affects different regions and in differentaspects based on the human dynamics that relate to the regions. Indifferent regions, racism is practiced differently as it applies onthe prejudices and discrimination that exists between people(Hinrichsen,2012).In Europe, for instance, racism occurs against the non-Europeanpeople living in the continent. In modern day, racism is not justdirected to non-Europeans, it is also directed to European citizenswho are of different dissent. For example, native Europeans in manycountries racially treat African Europeans that live or havecitizenship in the country. A good example is the racist gesturesthat happen in the sporting scene such as in football in Spain andItaly against black players.
Formsof racism that bar Global Citizenship
Asmuch as racism is a negative aspect of human interaction, there arecertain forms of racism that persistently threaten human coexistence.There are no better forms of racism, since all forms of racism leadto the disintegration of the human race. However, at the globallevel, certain forms of racism present much larger global problemsthat inhibit the development of human integration and coexistence.These are the institutional racism, economic racism and ethnicity.
Institutionalracism is the structured form of racism that is demonstrated bygovernment, and regional political systems. This racism also involvesracial discrimination and practices by religions, corporations andsocial institutions like educational centers. According to Kevin(2003),racism in organizations leads to unrecoverable effects on the victimsof such practices that deprive them opportunities. It is a form ofracism that leads to loss of jobs based on one’s race ordiscrimination in the sharing of privileges in a working environment.For instance, racism occurs when a well qualified person is denied achance to work because of the color of their skin. This lead to theinequalities that lead to economic loss of the benefits that theorganization would gain from such qualified people.
Ina similar way, racism in governments has presented challenges toglobal integration due to the rift created among administrators. Manygovernments do not find it computable to be governed by people ofdifferent races. A good example is the persistent denial of equalpolitical rights by the United States of America against the minorityraces (Joe,2009).For instance, the white dominated government had for a very long timebared the blacks and other minority races from voting and even fromtaking leadership positions (Kevin,2003).This prompted the civil rights movements that grew out ofrace-inspired segregation in all the states of the continent. Thisshows how human integration and coexistence was blocked during theracial segregation historical times of the United States.
Anotherform of racism that bars the growth of human coexistence and humanintegration is the economic racism. This form involves racialsegregation and discrimination in the sharing and distribution ofresources among people. Human beings should be entitled to equaleconomic opportunities as well as economic resources. However, racismcreates an ideology that some races have a perceived right ofdominating other races in terms of sharing of economic resourcesavailable (Hinrichsen,2012).For instance, in the African continent, many blacks hold that themodern sharing of resources should be for black Africans only and notfor white African citizens. This leads to economic conflicts such asthe case of Zimbabwe driving white citizens from their land in thecountry (Shah, 2010).
Atthe global perspective, economic racism has led to conflicts amongnations and continents, which creates a big gap against humanintegration. According to Hinrichsen(2012), manyhistorical, economic differences in the world in the modern world arealleged to be a result of historical discrimination. Hinrichsen(2012) furtherargues that the current economic order is partially caused by theracist historical events in the world. For instance, the current loweconomic profiles in the African continent are based on the economicexploitation that happened in the colonial period. It is alleged thatcolonialism deprived the African continent of its riches in terms ofraw materials for the industrialization of European nations.
Economicracism prevents economic integration between countries and regionsthat would form a global village if they integrated. In a similarway, this form of racism in organizations has limited business growthand development of diverse leadership in organizations and countries.For instance, an organization may not feel comfortable settingoperations or investments in another country that is of a perceivedinferior race (Kevin,2003). In addition, racism has been alleged to be a reason for setting offactories in some continent so as to economically exploit residentsthrough cheap labor. For instance, many industries in Americaoutsource manual work and factory activities in the South Asian andAfrican regions. Despite having a relative advantage of labor, thelabor is perceived to be cheap because of the inferiority complexcreated by racism.
Dueto economic racism, many countries in the modern world feel skepticalto join in the spirit of globalization and human coexistence. Takingan example of the African case, the countries are alleging ofcontinued economic deprivation through neo-colonialism as westerncountries seek the resources of the continent as well as market. Manyfeel that racism has played a big role in the desire for moderneconomic exploitation, which has led to the influx of the Chineseinvestments and government influence on the rich continent (Kevin,2003).This is as a result of the feeling that many countries hold thatAmericans and European have discriminated other races over thehistorical times.
Ethnicityand ethnic nationalism is another form of racial discrimination thatis based on ethnic differentiations based on tribes and culturalorientations. This is a historical form of racism that has createdrifts in the world based on extreme nationalistic sentiments bynations (Bonilla,2003).These sentiments led to the European wars and changing of politicalset ups of the continent. These changes led to the French revolutionsand rise and fall of European kingdoms. In a similar way, the modernworld has been influenced by the trends of racism associated withethnic nationalism. This makes ethnicity a unique type of racism thatdirects extremes of loyalty and nationalism towards other races orethnic orientations that are different from a community.
Thistype of racism blocks globalization because people get stuck to theirnationalistic sentiments that block any external influence. Due tothese sentiments of nationalism, people think that their culture,religion, economic and political systems are superior to any otherrace or cultural groups. This extreme perspective grows into adiscriminatory ideology that blocks any ideology from differentpeople. In a more extreme way, many ethnic or racial nationalists useany means possible to guard their nation or racial systems from theinfluence of globalization. According to Kriegman(2006),Most racial ethnicities or nationalistic people resort to theviolence as a way of blocking the influence of other cultures. Thispractice blocks human integration and human coexistence in a worldthat is gradually turning into a village.
ThePositive impact of Racism
Racismis an act that does not attract any practical, positive definitionsor sentiments in the perspectives of global equality. However, racismhas been alleged to have helped some countries to rise frompolitical, social or economic domination to freedom. This is becauseof the effect that the ideology of racism has on both the racists andthe victims of the practice. However, the positives of racism are notabout the discrimination part of racism, but the true nationalismthat is apparently perceived to be ethnic or extreme.
Thepositive racism of nationalism has been credited to be the reasonthat led to decolonization by countries during the colonial era.Racism provided the factor that united the people who werediscriminated against in the racist regimes (Joe,2009).Most of the colonial administrations ended due to the nationalisticfights that were motivated by the racial discrimination that tookplace in the colonies. For instance, the rise of the United States ofAmerica was due to the fight for freedom against the racialtreatments that were registered at the time (Joe,2009). Thesame case applied to the African nationalism. According to Hinrichsen(2012),most African nationalists were motivated by racial segregation thatwas directed by the minority whites to majority Africans.
Racismprovides the example and the reality that prevents unity in theworld. Thereby, racism provides a reality that everyone in the worldshould avoid. In most cases, people do not understand the negativesof racism until they experience the consequences of the segregationbehavior. In addition, racism provides the basis for uniting theworld against the attempts by political leaders to use thediscriminatory behavior or acts to advance their extreme nationalistagenda. Despite being a negative experience in the nations and racesthat have experienced the mistreatments of racism, the practice haspositive results in the global arena. This is because people willintegrate together as a way of promoting human coexistence andglobalization.
Racismis a negative practice with all the negatives associated with theact. As described above, racism leads to hatred and conflicts thathave led to massive world consequences. Racism also leads toinferiority and superiority among races that leads to fear in theworld. More to that, racism leads to inequalities that result inunequal distribution of opportunities. In addition, racism has led toeconomic domination of nations and contents by others at the cost ofpeace and equal sharing of resources. Moreover, racism has led to arift that cannot be filled unless the world comes to theunderstanding of the ills of the practice. Therefore, solutions needto be sought in order to guarantee the much sought afterglobalization and human coexistence.
Oneof the most important solutions to racism is the use of educationsystems in the world to develop a culture of global integration. Theuse of education will establish a global thought for the youngergeneration that has not been indoctrinated by the older generationabout the superiority or inferiority of their race. The main elementof racism happens in the mind and not in the real action. This isbecause racism is first formed in the mind, than an ideology ofsuperiority is developed within the personality of a person, andeventually acts in a racial manner. Therefore, to claim racism, thebest approach is through the mind, which is best done by educationsystems.
Anotherfactor that will counter the elements of racism is to establishseveral social events whose main goal will be to fight racism byincorporating different cultures together. Currently, the socialworlds of music and sporting have been instrumental in organizingglobal events that bring all races together. These races are wellbalanced as different sports or music events are won or lost bypeople of different races. However, racism has crept into theseevents in a way that negates the advances made by these events in theglobal arena. Therefore, disciplinary measures should be taken as away of barring those who practice racism from future acts. This way,racism will gradually decline as the generations gradually change.
Racismis a vice of global concern that negatively affects worldintegration, globalization and human coexistence. This is becauseracism leads to hatred between those practicing and those affected bythe segregation behavior. Racism further subject people toinferiority sentiments that create fear among the victims whilebuilding superiority for the racists. In addition, racism leads toeconomic, social and political domination that may result toinequalities or nationalistic response. In general racism blocks theefforts of globalization and human coexistence. However, if thesystems of education and social events are used as tools ofaddressing racism, the world can change the perception. This changewill lead to smooth globalization and human coexistence.
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