Reconciling Insurgents in Afghanistan

ReconcilingInsurgents in Afghanistan

ReconcilingInsurgents in Afghanistan

Althoughinternal conflicts in Afghanistan have occurred for several decades,reconciliation of the insurgent groups is a possible process, butthere are four major conditions that should be complied with. First,the process of reconciliation should be steered by Afghans withminimum input from the international community. This is becauseindigenous people understand the situation better and can formulate areconciliation plan that will address long-standing grievances (Khan&amp Hussain, 2012).

Secondly,the reconciliation has to take a top-down approach, which is the onlyway the break the cycle of violence and create an environment for theestablishment of democratic institutions. This implies that peacenegotiations should start with leaders of different tribes who havethe capacity to conclude the ceasefire, which will in turn give wayfor a successful reconciliation (Khan &amp Hussain, 2012).

Third,the reconciliation should take a collective approach that will inviteall insurgent leaders to the negotiations. This is because insurgentleaders are the key providers of the foot soldiers (Khan &ampHussain, 2012). Any insurgent leader who will be left out of peacenegotiation will be a bone of contention and a source of internalconflict even after a peace deal is concluded.

Lastly,the reconciliation process has to be facilitated by an internationalbody (such as the United Nations), instead of being dictated byindividual countries (such as the United States). This is becauseindividual countries are perceived to have conflicts of interest(such as exploitation of oil field).

Reference

Khan,M. &amp Hussain, A. (2012). Reconciling the Afghan insurgents.IslamabadPolicy Research Institute Journal,12 (1), 139-148.