ROLE OF THE PROVIDER AND SCOPE OF PRACTICE 7
Roleof the Provider and Scope of Practice
Describethe role of each allied health provider in the delivery of care
Medicalassistants versatile allied health care experts licensed to conductboth clinical and administrative procedures. The professionals aresupposed to use treatment approach that complies with federal andstate regulations. Physicians in various healthcare settings, such ashospitals are responsible for managing medical assistants. Some ofthe responsibilities medical assistants conduct includes phone andmail correspondence, creating and retaining medical records, primarysecretarial knowledge, and functions as a link between amongphysicians, patients, and non-medical staff working in the healthcare system. The main clinical responsibilities of medical assistantsinclude noting and recording essential signs, preparing the sick toreceive treatment, infection control, conducting asepsis, as well asdesigning specimens for laboratory evaluation. In some cases, thephysicians guide medical assistants in preparing and administeringmedications (Stewart, 2012).
Pharmacytechnicians are managed by certified pharmacists or other experiencedhealth professionals when conducting pharmacy-associated duties.Regular responsibilities of the professionals include prescribingmedical drugs and other treatment solutions to the sick. Thetechnicians allocate most of their time either directly educating andexplaining clients or patients regarding medications and medicationsequipment. Organizational duties involve analyzing prescriptioninstructions administered by a physician, as well as insurancecompanies in order to ascertain that each patient is provided withthe right medication. Besides, the pharmacists ensure that thepatients receive appropriate compensation (Pelzang, 2010).
Describethe education and skills needed to provide patient care
Inorder for an individual to become a qualified pharmacy technician, heor she should have a high school diploma or any other equivalentqualification. The training program can range from months up to ayear. An individual can acquire job experience through apprenticeshipat the workplace. However, a potential technician can acquire the jobskills in community, vocational, and technical colleges. The keysubjects required for specializing in the profession include pharmacylaws and ethics, pharmacology, record keeping, medication dispensing,and medication calculations. Several training plans feature practicaljob position. However, some states determine qualification ofpharmacy technicians through examination (Pelzang, 2010).
Potentialmedical assistant course’s students should have at least a highschool diploma or any other similar qualification. The length ofcourses differs significantly, but eligible program providers mustascertain that the students meet the primary eligibility for joiningthe curriculum. Suitable courses should include medical terminology,physiology and anatomy, medical ethics and law, clinical procedures,oral and written communications for medical assistants. Aspiringmedical assistant students should undergo a full externship offeringpractical skills such as an accredited hospital or a licensedphysician’s office, or any other licensed health care organization(Stewart, 2012).
Definethe concept of Scope of Practice as it pertains to the work of alliedhealth.
Pharmacytechnicians operate in various health care environments such ashospital and retail pharmacies. In addition, the professionals mayoften work in pharmaceutical distribution outlets for long-standinghealth care centers. The professionals normally work in well-lighted,clean, organized, and efficiently ventilated environments. Thetechnicians should be physically fit because they spend most of thetime standing (Stewart, 2012). In some cases, they require liftingweighty boxes or climbing stepladders when reaching drugs that storedat high shelves. Since technicians work side-by-side withpharmacists, both professionals work for approximately the sameamount of hours. This implies they might require working on holidays,evenings, weekends and nights in stores that operate for twenty-fourhours. Such pharmacies are common in big hospitals and retailpharmacies located in busy cities. Technicians often keep acquiringrising authority as they continue gaining higher skills. The skilledprofessionals often have increased chances for working in bothhospital and retail environments (Pelzang, 2010).
Onthe other hand, medical assistants work in certified physicians’offices, outpatient centers such as the urgent care, hospitals, andlasting care facilities. In addition, they may also work in nursinghomes and clinics. Medical assistants can work on holidays, evenings,weekends, and holiday shifts. The average working hours may rangefrom 6-8 hours per day, and possible overtime remuneration in case heor she is forced to work overtime by an emergency (Pelzang, 2010).
Definethe concept of patient-centered care
Patient-centeredcare is a treatment model that encourages active engagement ofpatients and their families in designing new care strategies and inmaking critical decisions regarding individual treatment planalternatives. In other words, patient-centered care involves offeringmedical assistance that respects and caters to personal treatmentpreferences, values and requirements, and ascertaining that patientvalues direct every clinical decision. The fact that a physician whohas perhaps never suffered a similar conditions to the patient thathe or she is treating, he/she cannot design and implement a suitabletreatment plan. This makes it essential for the healthcareprofessionals to consult the patient in designing a treatment planthat would deliver the most efficient results (Pelzang, 2010). Everypatient-centered treatment program includes five key features: readyaccess, ‘whole person care’, autonomy, coordination andcommunication, as well as patient empowerment and support. Inaddition to educating patients about the best treatment solutions forthe conditions they are suffering, as well as ensuring that they donot that they get treatment service tailored to their needs,healthcare professionals do not always allow patient to get thetreatment they want. In some cases, a professional may restricttreatment service available to the patient if it can help anindividual in acquiring fast recovery (Stewart, 2012).
Importanceof patient-centered care
Patient-centeredtreatment comes with numerous benefits such as designing a treatmentoption tailored to suit individual patient care. The health careproviders do not necessary let the patient have their desiredtreatment program, but educate patients about all the treatmentalternatives available to them, their risks and strengths withoutbias. Second, the patient has an opportunity of choosing a treatmentplan that would help them have the highest comfort. The patient,his/her family, and the physicians discuss the most appropriatetreatment plan to a person in consideration of every factor that canaffect an individual’s health. Third, the patients are givenincentives for helping them abide by the treatment programrequirements (Pelzang, 2010).
Stepstaken by allied health providers that result in patient-centered care
Physiciansintending to help patients in designing patient-centered care involveworking with the beliefs and values of patients. For example, if apatient beliefs in herbal care, the physician will have to suggestherbal medication that can help the patient in overcoming the medicalcondition. Second, the doctor should consider cultural, physical,social, and psychological requirements. Third, the doctor sharesdecision-making with the patient and his or her family members. Sincethe loved ones of a patient understand his or her disease, they canhelp both the physician and the patient understanding the medical inquestion better. Fourth, the physician involves the family members inthe treatment program so that they can offer moral support to thesick person. Lastly, the physician creates a strong creates a strongrelationship with the patient so that he or she can open up abouttheir preferred treatment plan (Stewart, 1995).
Pelzang,R. (2010). “Time to learn: understanding patient-centred care.”BritishJournal of Nursing,19 (14): 912-918.
Stewart,M. (1995). Patient-centeredmedicine: Transforming the clinical method.Newbury Park, Calif: Sage.
Stewart,M. N. (2012). Practicalpatient literacy: The medagogy model.New York: McGraw-Hill Medical.