Sexually Transmitted Disease STDs Pre-Teen (Jr. High) and Teenagers

SexuallyTransmitted Disease STDs Pre-Teen (Jr. High) and Teenagers

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SexuallyTransmitted Disease STDs Pre-Teen (Jr. High) and Teenagers

Studieshave shown that pre-teens and teenagers are at a high risk ofcontracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) (Doherty,2010). Inthe current time, there are over twenty prevalent STDs, which infectan average of over 15 million persons every year (Doherty,2010). Theyinclude human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Human Papilloma virus(HPV), herpes, and Chlamydia trachomatis amongst others (Santelli,2000). Ithas been shown that more than a half of these STDs are evidenced inpersons aged 25 years and below (Doherty,2010). Everyyear, three million teenagers get infected by an STD. STDs aredefined as infections which are passed through sexual intercoursefrom one person to the other. Some of these diseases are not curableincluding herpes and HIV). The current paper investigates sexuallytransmitted diseases amongst pre-teen and teenagers. In particular,the paper focuses on the health implications of the disease as wellas current educational intervention programs that have been put inplace.

AboutSTDs and its Health implications

Pre-teensand teenagers who become actively involved in sexual behaviors are athigh risk of contracting STDs besides emotionally and physicallydamaged. Every year, many young people ignore such risks and as aresult endure the impacts. This is contributed by various factorsincluding the availability of misleading information as well asdeficiency of guidance from the involved parties (Doherty,2010). According to studies, it is important for policy makers tohave the knowledge regarding involvement of young people in earlysexual behaviors. This would enable them to set out appropriateintervention programs to deal with the same. Some scholars havecriticized the “safe sex” intervention programs arguing that theyonly contribute to increased sexual behaviors amongst the teenagers(Doherty,2010). Some of the things that are significant and which should beput into consideration encompass:

  • STDs have gotten to epidemic levels. Every year, over three million pre-teens and teenagers get infected. Out of four teenagers who actively involve themselves in sexual behaviors, about one of them becomes afflicted.

  • Safe sex intervention programs, which are also referred by some as abstinence intervention programs do not place sufficient stress in discouraging teenagers to avoid early sexual behaviors which are the cause of STDs. On the contrary, such programs encourage the use of condoms whilst implicitly condoning involvement in sexual acts amongst the young people. Most of such programs contain information and materials which are unpleasant and disturbing to most parents.

  • Scientific assessments have indicated that real abstinence evaluation programs are efficient in lessening the involvement of early sexual acts among the teenagers (Santelli, 2000).

Oneof the implications of STDs is psychological and emotional injury.Almost all individuals who contract the disease especially at a youngage become psychologically and emotionally distressed consideringtheir young age and the reality of living with the condition for therest of their lives. Some of them fear to talk to their guardians ortheir elders regarding the condition and this only aggravates thedistress.

Anotherimplication is channeling funds in order to help cope with STDs(Santelli, 2000). This is especially for the incurables viruses suchas HIV which costs governments a lot of funds in dealing with it.High death rates are also experienced especially amongst communitiesthat lack access to medications or which lack awareness about theviruses. Funds are also required to support education programs whichaim ate teaching individuals on the existence of the diseases and theprevention measures to be taken in order to deal with the same.

CurrentEducational Intervention Programs

Variousprograms have been put in place in order to deal with the issue ofearly sexual behavior, which is the cause of STDs. To start with,abstinence programs for the teenagers have evidenced to be efficientin lessening early sexual acts amongst the young people. Theseprograms also offer the basis of individual responsibility in lastingmarital commitments. Some of the abstinence programs encompassVirginity Pledge Programs and Teen Aid Family Life education project.Research has indicated that abstinence programs are efficient inlessening sexual behavior amongst the young people (Rector, 2002).Virginity pledge programs entails taking a vow to remaining a virginand this increasingly results in no contraction on STDs. Theseprograms aid the teenagers in developing an understanding regardingdedication on abstinence and this serves as a basis towards a happylife without physical, psychological, or emotional distress. Anotherprogram is the Protection Express Program that is founded on themodel of interpersonal and planned behavior (Rector, 2002). Thesetheories put froth that the behavior of a person is based on intentas well as various social cognition factors. The content of theprogram is developed with the intention of impacting supposedbehavior control and social norm.

Conclusion

Inconclusion, STDs is a major health issue in the current time. Withmany pre-teens and teenagers getting infected, policy makers have putin place various education programs in order to deal with the issue.Some of the STDs most prevalent encompass HIV, HPV, and herpesamongst others. Some of the educational programs that have been putinto place in the current time include abstinence programs andprotection express programs.

References

Doherty,S. (2010). Ratesof STDs among teens reach epidemic levels.Retrieved fromhttp://host.madison.com/news/local/health_med_fit/rates-of-stds-among-teens-reach-epidemic-levels/article_96d0ee57-e3dc-59d7-a5ec-e5cbc5b71ffc.html

Rector,R. (2002). Theeffectiveness of abstinence education programs in reducing sexualactivity among youth.Retrieved fromhttp://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2002/04/the-effectiveness-of-abstinence-education-programs

Santelli,J. S (2000). The association of sexual behaviors with socioeconomicstatus, family structure, and race/ethnicity among U.S. adolescents.AmericanJournal of Public Health,90: 1582-1588