Sodium,a Favorite Element
Sodiumis my favorite element of the periodic table. It is an amazingelement with several features and almost unlimited capabilities. Witha “Na” as its chemical symbol, Sodium has an atomic number of 11.The element was isolated in 1807 by Humphrey Davy throughelectrolysis of sodium hydroxide. It has a range of use andsignificant applications in the modern day life. The element formspart of several chemical compounds and it forms different featuresand uses when existing as part of these compounds(Ebbing & Gammon, 19). Thediscussion in this paper will illustrate why sodium is my favoriteelement and why you need to appreciate it.
Themost interesting features of sodium are its change in color atdifferent levels of pressure. For instance, at standard pressure andtemperature, the silver-white changes to black if the pressure is1.5, then transparent-red color at 1.9 and clear transparent at 3.0bars (Schumann27).Even if the free metal does not occur in nature, the compounds of themetal give its lovable features. When it is introduced to the flameas its nature or in compounds, the amazing metal changes in red coloras its 3 electrons gets excited to shed a proton after falling to 3sfrom 3ps (Schumann28).It would be demeaning not to state that the favorite property is thatsodium is a good conductor of both heat and electricity, whichincreases its properties for use.
Thechemical properties of sodium make it a favorite according to mypreferences of an element in the periodic table. It is exciting toknow that sodium changes from its bright silvery beauty of adarkening color when exposed to air due to oxidation. According toEbbingand Gammon (2009), darkeningcoat is the quick formation of Sodium Hydroxide as well as sodiumCarbonate. It is less a reactive metal compared to the explosivepotassium. However, it reacts with water exothermically, which makesit a potential for production of energy, if explored further (Eggeman12).Burning this wonderful metal in the air leads to the formation ofsodium peroxide as well as sodium oxide. In terms of isotopes, thismetal has two radioactive ones the cosmogenic isotopes, that areside resultants of a cosmic ray spallation (Eggeman34).
Oneof the most important reasons why sodium is my favorite element isits uses. The compounds of this metal are highly soluble in water, acharacteristic that makes their use dynamic since water is auniversal solvent. One of the most common and compulsory food itemsis salt (NaCl). According to Ebbingand Gammon (2009), othersinclude caustic soda (NaOH), baking soda (NaHCO3), sodium nitrate(NaNO3) and the soda ash (Na2CO3). In addition, other sodiumcompounds are important in the commercial industries such as glass,soap, paper and textiles. In addition, the highly soluble compoundsof the metal are nitrate, halides, carboxylates, sulfates andcarbonates(Ebbing & Gammon, 9). Moreover,sodium is an important element of the human body, as it helps inregulation of blood pressure and blood volume among other biologicalfunctions.
Despitenot naturally occurring as a metal, it is evident that the featuresof sodium make it the most favorite element in the periodic table.The physical feature of the metal such as color changes in differentconditions and favorable chemical properties makes the metalimportant. Its compounds are equally important for industrial use.Finally, the biological importance of sodium in the human body makesthe metal a favorite element that you should like.
Ebbing,Darrell and Gammon, Steven. GeneralChemistry.New York: CengageLearning, 2009, Print
Eggeman,Tim. "Sodiumand Sodium Alloys".Kirk-OthmerEncyclopedia of Chemical Technology.John Wiley & Sons. 2007, Print
Schumann,Walter. Mineralsof the World(2nd ed.). NewYork:Sterling, 2008, Print