Itis wrong to regard adolescents and children who have not attained thepermissible (legal) age as adults. Fortunately, the differencesbetween adults and children are recognized in many areas of law (Hall95). Furthermore, children are not entitled the same responsibilitiesand rights such as voting, drinking alcohol, joining military or evensmoking as adults since some areas have recognized their incapabilityof making adult decisions. Therefore, the area of criminal law shouldrecognize the same differences between adults and children.Furthermore, transferring children from juvenile courts to adults hasnegative impacts for both children and society. Some research reportsthat trying children as adults does not reduce the rate ofrecidivism, but escalates it instead. Moreover, adult criminal recordbecomes a major barrier to many ways of succeeding in the future asadmission into college, military service, and other employment areas.Additionally, confining children in adult facilities expose them topossible risk of sexual or sexual assault and suicide (Howell 161).
Theextended juvenile jurisdiction entails a new intermediate class ofoffenders composed of individuals previously tried or sentenced asjuveniles. Those individuals in the category of violent offenderspresumably benefits from a chance to reform (Howell 160). Theextended juvenile jurisdiction as an alternative has some advantagesover sudden transfer of young offenders to criminal court. Firstly,the young offenders are taken to a juvenile correctional facilityinstead of the ‘criminogenic’ setting of adult correctionalfacilities. Secondly, the juveniles have opportunity of receivingtreatment and educational services that are absent in adultcorrectional facilities. Thirdly, juveniles are given anotheropportunity of proving that he or she may be ‘changeable totreatment’ while in the juvenile systems and not cause anintimidation to public safety (Richard Lawrence & Mario Hesse192).
Hall,Kermit L. TheOxford Companion to American Law.Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2006. Internet resource.
Howell,James C. Preventing& Reducing Juvenile Delinquency: A Comprehensive Framework.Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications, 2003. Print.
RichardLawrence and Mario Hesse. JuvenileJustice: The Essentials.SAGEPublications, Los Angeles , 2009.