THEPRESENTATION OF SELF IN EVERY DAY LIFE
ThePresentation of Self in Every Day Life
Inlife, human beings take care of the impressions they paint to theircolleagues at their various meeting points. As a result, human beingsare forced to behave in a specific manner in order to impress. Humanbeings wear different behaviors while facing various audiences inlife. They change even their dressing codes depending on the audiencethey are going to face. The concept of people changing theirbehaviors in a certain manner depending on the audience they aremeeting is well elaborated in the book “The Presentation of Self inEveryday Life” by Goffman as it is illustrated in this paperincluding the various arguments he presented.
InGoffman’s works he compares the various peoples’ acts to theaterperformances(Cuthbert, 2009). .He analyses the face to face engagements in research dubbed thedramaturgical analysis. First, he compared the individual behaviorsin life to be similar to how the actors behave while on stage toentertain the audience. The main idea that is brought forward is thatpeople crave to present positive impressions of themselves. As aresult they act to be whom they are not to paint good pictures ofthemselves. However, when the individual moves away from theiraudience they easily turn to their old self where they meditate andact privately away from the public’s eye. Additionally, the idea ofpeople acting artificially is brought forth as they try to impressothers instead of being who they are in actual sense. The main reasonbeing to avoid avoiding frustrations and embarrassments .The authorhence compares life to a performance. Moreover, the individual toohas a chance of watching other actors at some point in life. As aresult all human beings are actors only that there is time differencebetween them. The time difference is well compared to the actorschanging of costumes from being actors to being the audience in theplay that symbolizes the life we live.
Inaddition to that, the author is able to bring forward the point thathuman life is influenced by other social actions of colleagues(Cuthbert,2009).People will always strive to attain the expectations placed on themby the audience signifying the public. They simply act in idealstyles while before the audience on stage. As a result, variousmisinterpretations occur in the course of life some to the benefit ofthe individual while others to the detriment. Moreover, the authorstates that the stage is divided in three namely the front stage theback stage and the off stage (Cuthbert,2009). on the front stage the individual acts according to societalconventions and expectations since one is well aware they are beingwatched as a result one is to camouflage to be totally differentperson from the original personal behaviors .On the back stage, theactor acts gives out the real picture of self since they are awayfrom the watchful eye of the audience. More so they have got rid oftheir role in the play. Finally, the idea of segmented performancesdepending on the audience is brought forward that is while the actoris off stage. At this point the individual may be able to expressvarious emotions and degree of genuineness. Off the stage theindividuals tend to be their real self and give the real picture ofwho they are. The setting of performance also influences the actor’sbehaviors (Cuthbert,2009).Different setting demand specific costumes implying behaviors. Theappearance during performances is mainly guided by the social statusof the actor that they would like to paint to the audience.
Tosummarize, it is clear from the given interpretations of variousmetaphors involving scenes and actors in a theater that human life isheavily influenced by their social status, the expectations placed onthem and the desired impression they would like to portray to fellowhuman beings, and as a result showing the social nature of life.
Cuthbert,K. (2009). Keepingbalance: A psychologist`s experience of chronic illness anddisability.Leicester: Matador