TIMELINE ASSIGNMENT 6
TheCarolingian Empire was the last phase of the early ancient kingdom ofthe Franks. The Franks were a Germanic tribe that established andgoverned the Frankish Empire between fifth and tenth century CE. Thekingdom covered large portions of the contemporary Netherlands,France, Switzerland, Belgium, and Germany. The Carolingian Empire,the kingdom governed by the Carolingian Dynasty, existed between 800and 888. The kingdom measured approximately 1,112,000 km² and apopulace of ten to twenty million citizens. The Kingdom was dividedin 843 to create the Germany and France territories. The two kingdomslater became strong monarchies in the Continental Europe. Clovis Ifounded the Kingdom in 496 after defeating the Roman rule in Gaul.This essay will focus on the timeline of major events thatcontributed to the rise and fall of the Carolingian dynasty.
October1, 732 – Charles Martel defeated the Mohammedan army at The Battleof Tours. The Mohammedan was a tough army that was almost everundefeated. The victory made him popularity as a capable leader,which earned him the title Charles "Martel" (French forHammer) (Dutton, 1994).
January1, 741 – Charles Martel passed on after establishing a strong armyof armored and mounted warriors. The army used scorched earthstrategy when fighting his enemies thus, he left vast empty lands(Fichtenau & Medieval Academy of America, 1991).
March1, 752 – Pippin (Martel’s son) convinced the Pope to deposeChilderic III because he was a redundant King. He became the firstCarolingian king (Dutton, 1994).
4.January 1,768 – Pippin the Short passed on. His two sons (Carolmanand Charles) inherited and governed the kingdom jointly. However,Charles later ruled the entire Kingdom alone since Carolman died soonafterwards. Charles the Great’s (Charlemagne in French) mainobjective was finishing the Dark Ages and reestablishing culturaldevelopment once more in Europe (Halphen, 1977).
Jan1, 774 – The King of Lombards attempted to retake the land Pippinhad conquered previously and given to the Pope. The Pope requestedCharlemagne for military assistance in defeating the Lombards. Hemarched across the Alps, defeated the army, and acquired theremaining of its territory in Spanish Catalonia and Saxons, therebyenlarging the size of the kingdom (Halphen, 1977).
January1, 787 – Charlemagne established the educational reform. Inaddition to being an accomplished warrior and logistics genius,Charlemagne was an education enthusiast. He directed establishmentschool reforms in various monasteries. Various libraries composed ofbooks written by great thinkers were compiled and some are stillavailable up to the present (Halphen, 1977).
December25, 800 – Pope Leo III promoted him into the Holy Roman Empire afterdefeating the Lombards. Since Charlemagne’s kingdom was vast andapproximately equitable to the Old Roman Empire, many people comparedCharlemagne with Constantine (Halphen, 1977).
January28, 814 – Charlemagne died and Louis, his son, succeeded him. By thetime of his death, the Byzantine emperor had acknowledged Charlemagneas co-emperor, thereby paving way for the supremacy of theCarolingian kingdom (Dutton, 1994).
January1, 817 – Although Charlemagne had plans for subdividing his kingdomamong his sons, he did not as Louis was the sole inheritor. The othertwo had died previously. However, Louis was the first to split thekingdom three times among his son (Dutton, 1994).
January1, 829 – Louis partitioned the Kingdom of Bavaria, which he hadgiven to his son Louis, so that he could bequeath the new son hesired with his second wife. Louis senior married Judith after hiswife passed on. Nonetheless, Louis of Bavaria rebelled for four yearsuntil he gave in and agreed to share the kingdom with his halfbrother.
January1, 842 – the brothers signed the “Treaty of Verdun” thatensured Louis’ heirs coexisted peacefully. Immediately after Louissplit the kingdom, the heirs lived peacefully until after his death.They began intense fighting three years after their father died,which necessitated the Treaty of Verdun for stopping the conflict(Fichtenau & Medieval Academy of America, 1991).
September29, 855 – Lothair, the son of Louis the Pious, succeeded his fatherupon his death. Previously, he had overthrown his father temporary in833 until the treaty of Verdun stopped him. Lothair furthersubdivided his kingdom among his three sons (Books Llc, 2010).
August28, 876 – Louis the Bavaria, the most influential heirs ofCharlemagne, passed on. After his death, his sons respected theboundaries he had set in the kingdom. All the four of them subdividedtheir kingdoms further among their sons Carolman, Louis the Younger,and Charles the Fat (Fichtenau & Medieval Academy of America,1991).
October6, 877 – The King of France, Charles the Bald died. His kingdom wasinitially peaceful but militarily weak. His brother from Bavariaeasily invaded and pushed him further to the North. He always hadproblems protecting his kingdom from invasion from the northernregion. He passed while on his way home from helping the Pope JohnVIII conquer Saracen attackers (Scholz et al., 1972).
January13, 888 – Charles the fat died. He had managed to unite the entireCarolingian Empire temporary through inheriting his father’skingdom, as well as that of his brother Carolman as he had suddenlysuffered from a stroke (Scholz et al., 1972).
February4, 900 – Louis the Child inherited the Kingdom. He lacked strongmilitary leadership and intuitive for guiding him to expand theterritory. This made the kingdom vulnerable to outside attacks thatmarked the end of the fall of the Carolingian Empire. In addition,the kingdom was highly divided, thereby making the strength of unitythe founder of the empire enjoyed impossible to achieve in the lateryears (Books Llc, 2010).
Scott,C.J. (2011). Battleof Tours.eBookIt.com.
Fichtenau,H., & Medieval Academy of America. (1991). TheCarolingian empire.Toronto: Published by University of Toronto Press in association withthe Medieval Academy of America.
Halphen,L. (1977). Charlemagneand the Carolingian Empire.Amsterdam: North-Holland Pub. Co.
BooksLlc (2010). MedievalFrance: Capetian Dynasty, Carolingian Empire, Neustria, LivreTournois, Angevin Empire, Levett, France in the Middle Ages,Appanage.General Books.
Dutton,P. E. (1994). Thepolitics of dreaming in the Carolingian empire.Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Scholz,B. W., Rogers, B., & Nithard, . (1972). Carolingianchronicles: Royal Frankish annals and Nithard`s Histories.Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.