Effectsof trauma on development
Achild’s brain can be altered if he or she is exposed to prolongedand chronic traumatic experiences during his or her early life(Perry, 2010). This, in turn, may adversely affect several areas,like physical health and cognitive ability, of such a child. As aresult, such a child suffers from impaired long-term intellectualability as well as cognitive development. Functional organization andcritical structural of the brain take place during the earlydevelopment of a child. According to Perry (2010), the brain reachesapproximately 90 percent of adult size as a child attain the age ofthree year. Therefore, if a child is exposed to trauma during his orher early development then the brain will adapt or reflect to thattrauma by altering the development of neural systems, which areinvolved in fear ad stress response. Perry (2010) findings show thatareas of the brain affected or altered by trauma can be healed byintroducing a child to therapeutic interventions.
Counterof spiritual development on trauma
Severalspiritual resources can help counter the effects of trauma. Forinstance, prayers, reaching out to a member of the clergy, or goingto church can help some people overcome their traumatic experiences.Others turn to reading spiritual materials like affirmations as wellas to meditating in order to overcome their traumatic experiencesBernal & Saez-Santiago (2009). Meditating and praying plays a keyrole in helping a victim of trauma find a new perspective on life aswell as accept his or her present moment. Rubin & Crocker (2011)findings show that spiritual resources hasten the recovery processfrom trauma since it help people find meaning as well as connect to acommunity that support and engage them in various activities.
Factorsaccelerating development delays in a traumatized child
Geneticfactorsplay quite a significant role in delayed development of a child.These factors include but not limited to diagnoses like musculardystrophy and Down syndrome. These diagnoses cause multiple delaysthat have an immense influence on social, communication, and physicaldevelopment of a child (Bernal et al., 2006).
Againbiological factors, like lead poisoning, head injuries, and visionloss, may affect a child’s development. Prolonged hearing loss mayresult to life-long issues regarding the ability to communicate. Headinjuries may also cause developmental delays that may be reversedthrough occupational or physical therapy.
Additionally,environmental factors, like neglect, lack of immunizations abuse,parental depression, and malnutrition, may cause developmentaldelays. Cognitive, social, motor, and language developmental delaysmay also be caused by issues prevalent in a child environment.
Pregnancyfactors also cause developmental delay. Difficulties experiencedduring labor and deliver may cause developmental delays. This isbecause a child may experience head injuries or lack enough oxygen ifa mother experience prolonged or difficult labor (Perry, 2010).
Prevalenceof various forms of trauma and their varying in different cultures
Severaltypes of trauma exists and they include community violence, sexualabuse, traumatic loss, exposure to domestic violence, complex trauma,impaired caregiver, emotional abuse, neglect, emotional abuse, andphysical abuse.
Accordingto Bernal (2009), Latinos/Hispanic children are exposed to highincidence of community violence, impaired caregiver, domesticviolence and a lower level of neglect and sexual abuse as compared toCaucasian children. Bernal et al (2009) findings show 50.2 percent ofchildren that were reported to be mistreated was white, 14. 5 percentwere Latino/Hispanic, while 25 percent were African American. Povertyis one of the risk factors that have been associated with the highincidence of trauma exposed to Latino children
Bernal,G., & Saez-Santiago, E. (2009). Culturally Centered PsychosocialInterventions. Journalof Community Psychology,34 (2), 121-132.
Perry,B.D. (2010). Traumatizedchildren: How childhood trauma influences brain development.TheJournal of the California Alliance for the Mentally Ill, 11(1),48-51.
Rubin,L & Crocker, A.C. (2011). DevelopmentalDisabilities: Delivery of Medical Care for Children and Adults.Philadelphia, Pa: Lea & Febiger.