Literature Review 2
Works Cited 6
ProfessionalAthletes Using Drugs to Enhance their Performance
Theexploitation of substanceto enhanceperformancein sportshas happenedsince thetimeof theoriginalOlympic Games (393 BC- 776 BC] to thecurrenttimes(Sportsanddrugs.procon.org). In manyyears,severalathletesin differentsportshavebeenwedged usingperformance-enhancing drugs.Ithas graduallymovedto a spotthatwhenan athleteis doingwellin his orher sport,assumptionson theuseof performance-enhancing drugsarise(Cnn.com). Nowadays,however,theassumptionsmay be correct.Prolific athletes have been stripped of their ranks and medals owingto proof of their having used drugs that enhance performance, duringcompetitions. Theconsumptionof steroids andotherperformance-enhancing drugsis dangerous.Althoughithas improvedtheentertainmentviewof games,italsohas reducedthevalueof sportsmanship(Sportsanddrugs.procon.org).
Theusageofperformance-enhancing drugsin the field of sportsis significantly widespread,thus turning to be an issue of publicknowledgeas well as deliberation.Severalwritershavecomewith their ownexplanationsabout thedrugusein sports. Mayoclinic.orgwritesthatas a resultof publicity,saleof performanceenhancing productshaveincreased,andcompaniesare swiftlycreatingnewproducts.Thestatementstressesthefactthattheuseof performanceenhancing drugshas graduallyincreased.Entrepreneurs have identified the production of these drugs as aviable area to venture into since their demands are or the increase,hence a promising consumer base. Apartfrom ethicalissuesassociatedwith theenhancementof performanceusingdrugs,thedrugsalsohavebeensaidto havedangeroussideeffects(Cheatham, Hosey, and Johnson). Thisresearchpaperis goingto analyzesomeof thesideeffect,reasonsfortheintakeof thesubstanceandwaysitcan becontrolled.
Performance-enhancing drugsaremadein manyforms.Theycan be takenin differentwayssuchas injections,orallyorrubbinginto theskin.Previousresearchhas shownthatperformanceenhancing drugshavemajorandminorsideeffects.Steroids havemanyphysicalandpsychologicalconsequences(Mayoclinic.org). Researchers havefoundout steroids can causecancer,stroke,stuntedbonegrowthandcan evenleadto aggression(Mayoclinic.org). Researchers alsoclassifiedthesideeffectsinto two distinctions,thoseseenon menandtheothers sawin women.Men’s sideeffectsinclude,accordingto theresearchers, shrunktesticles, inabilityto elect,reducedsperm count,breastenlargementamong others whilein womenithas beenobservedthatthemostoccurringsideeffectsincludes:excessivebodyhairanddeepvoices(O’Connor 14). Apartfrom thehealthmattersassociatedwith thedrugs,addictionis anotherviceas observedandanothersideeffectsof drugsjustlike others suchas impairedjudgmentdelusionsandparanoidjealousynot forgettingtheriskof contractingHIV ifinjectingthedrugusingaffectedneedle(Mayoclinic.org). With regardsto thesideeffects,the use of drugs in sport should be discouraged (Mayoclinic.org).Athletesshould be forbiddenfrom consumptionof performance-enhancing substancesdueto the fact that,thesesubstancesare harmful to those using them. Mayoclinic.org observes that it isnot only illegal to use drugs to enhance performance, but that italso goes against moral ethic since cheating is wrong and surpassesvirtues such as trustworthiness and honesty.Sporting ought to be a competitive activity and it is, therefore,when some athletes enhance their performance with drugs, it becomesan unfair competition it is foul play.According to Cnn.com,observes that the media and advertisers contribute greatly to luringthe youth into the use of drugs to enhance performance in sports. Theuse of celebrities in ads influences young athletes, whose criticalanalysis skills are poor, to following their trends and using some ofthe drugs. Theyoung athletes take it from the ads that the only way to achievesuccess is through the use of drugs that are concocted to enhanceperformance. It is fallacious for the minds to bow to the pleas oficonic people in the global community.
Astimegoes,peopleare boundto acceptingtheconsumptionof performanceenhancing substances.However,theproperknowledgeof theuseandconsequencesshould be employedto curbadverseresults.Variousgroupsbelievethatperformance-enhancing drugsdonot harm.TheCouncil forResponsible Nutritionstatesthat it is safe to use, drugs suchas ephedrine and creatine, if they are administered in recommendedprescribed dose (Mayoclinic.org).Peopleseekwaysto supportandimproveperformance,andmillions of peoplehaveestablishedthatsportssupplementsare one helpfultool.However,performance-enhancing productsshould not be promotedto children.Creatine is wellthought-out safeforhale andheartypeople,butpeopleshould not useitwith kidneyproblems(Mayoclinic.org). Studiesby the Harvard and Columbia Universitieshave evinced that ephedraand Cantox are also safe to use, if they are dispensed correctly(O’Connor25).Another study has proved that dietary supplements are widely used byathletes in the U.S. It is estimated that half of the Americanathletes administer supplementary diets to enhance their performance(O’Connor 16).
Sincethesideeffectsare adverseandare irreversible,itis suggestedthatathletesshould remainnatural.Thequestforsuccessthoughtoughshould not be thecauseof one’s’liveduetheintakeof substancesto enhanceperformance.Ascurrentresearchhas indicatedtheuseof suchsubstancehas increasedevento thesecondaryschoolathletes,theneedformoreregulationsandeducationarises(Cheatham, Hosey, and Johnson). Manypeoplemay not knowwhatitmeansto takecertainsubstancesaccordingto their healthstatus.Thus,educationis a necessityto curbthedetrimentalconsequencesof consumption.
Thesocietywelivein comparesachievementswith winning.Thedesireto succeedamong athletesof allagesis a controllingincentiveto getholdof anduseperformance-enhancing drugsto accomplishtheir targets(Sportsanddrugs.procon.org). Theuseof performance-enhancing drugsin professionalathleteshas beenan alarmforan extendedtimehowever,therisein useby youngerathletesis morethan everdisturbing.Itis, therefore,essentialforhealth-care specialiststo havea methodicalunderstandingof thefunctioning andrisksof thesedrugs(Mayoclinic.org).
Educationallineup to dealwith thecommunal, media,andpeerpressurethat bringaboutadolescentuseof performance-enhancing drugshaverevealedguarantee. Sucheducationallineupshaveto be directedinthepathof themiddleandhighschoolclassroomsto reducetherateof first-time usein theseagegroups.Thepeopleshould alsobe encouragedto lovethemselves as theyare without theconsumptionof thesubstances.Withthatin place,thereductionof casesof consumptionandconsequenceswill be reduced.
CheathamSeth, Hosey Robert, and Johnson Darren. `Performance-Enhancing DrugsAnd Today’S Athlete: A Growing Concern Orthopedics`. Healio.com.N. p., 2014. Web. 9 Jun. 2014.
Cnn.com,.`Performance-EnhancingDrugs: Know The Risks`.N. p., 2012. Web. 9 Jun. 2014.
Mayoclinic.org,.`Performance-Enhancing Drugs: Know The Risks – Mayo Clinic.` N. p.,2014. Web. 9 Jun. 2014
O’Connor,Helen. PerformanceEnhancing Drug Use In Professional Sport Is A Risk Decision: AQualitative Analysis Of Prospect Theory.1st ed. 2013. Web. 9 Jun. 2014.
Sportsanddrugs.procon.org,.`Historical Timeline – Sports and Drugs – Procon.Org`. N. p., 2014.Web. 9 Jun. 2014.